Belarus History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Belarus has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Belarus and important events related to Belarus history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Belarus Country Profile

CountryBelarus
CapitalMinsk
CurrencyBelarusian ruble
ContinentEurope

Belarus History

The region, currently known as Belarus, was inhabited by Baltic tribes in the third century and the area was annexed by the Slavic people around the fifth century. This transfer was due in part to the lack of military coordination among the Baltic people, but the process of mixing the Baltic and Slavic cultures was peaceful.

The area known as modern-day Belarus became part of Kievian Russia, a large-sized Eastern Slavic kingdom in the 9th century AD. After the demise of the first Yarslav, this empire broke into many parts. In March 1990, elections to the Supreme Soviet, the highest legislative body of all units of the Soviet Union, took place.

Although the Belarusian Popular Front won only 10% of the seats in these elections, the party supporting the independence of Belarusian SSR, the public was satisfied with the selection of their representatives. Belarus declared its independence as the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic by a manifesto on 22 July 1990.

Belarus Geography

The climate of Belarus is characterized by mild winter and cold winter season. January's minimum temperature is −4 ° C in the southwestern parts. (Brest) and −8 ° C in the north-eastern parts. (Vitebsk), while in summer 18 ° C. It has a mild to cold climate with an average temperature of. The average annual rainfall here is 550 to 700 mm (21.7 to 27.6 in). The climate of Belarus, the transition between continental and oceanic climate, is the climate of the region.

Belarus Economy

By the time of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Industrially was one of the most developed states in the world, even at the percentage level of GDP and the wealthiest state among CIS members. वIn 2015, 39.3% of Belarusian people were serving state-owned companies, 57.2% in private companies (of which 21.1% were government-owned) and 3.5% in foreign companies. The country is dependent on Russia for a variety of imports, including petroleum.

Belarus Language

Russian and Belarusian are the two official languages of Belarus. Russian is the main language and about 72% of the population speaks this language. Officially Belarusian is the first language spoken by 11.9% of the people here. Minorities also speak Polish, Ukrainian and Eastern Yiddish.

Belarus Important Facts

  • Belarus is a land-locked country in the eastern part of Europe, officially called the Republic of Belarus.
  • Belarus borders Russia to the north-east, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
  • Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union on 27 July 1990.
  • Its capital and most populous city is Minsk.
  • Belarus has a parliamentary system as well as a system of constitutional monarchy.
  • Belarus gained independence from the United Arab Emirates in 1752.
  • The total area of ​​Belarus is 207595 square kilometers (80155 square miles).
  • About 40% of the territory of Belarus is forested.
  • The official language of Belarus is Russian and Belarusian.
  • The name of the currency of Belarus is the Belarusian Ruble.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Belarus in 2016 was 95.1 million.
  • The highest mountain in Belarus is Mount Dzyarzhynskaya, which has a height of 346 meters.
  • The national animal of Belarus is the European bison, it is Europe's heaviest living wild land mammal.
  • Belarus has a literacy rate of 99.6%, making it one of the most literate countries in the world.
  • Belarus is the only European country still to be given capital punishment.

Belarus Important History Events

  • 09 october 1708 - Great Northern War-Russia defeated Sweden at the Battle ofLesnaya on the Russian–Polish border in present-day Belarus.
  • 14 february 1919 - The first serious armed conflict of the Polish–Soviet Wartook place near present-day Biaroza, Belarus.
  • 30 July 1942 - The German army killed 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belarus.
  • 29 October 1942 - The Nazis killed 16 thousand Jews in Pinsk, Belarus.
  • 22 march 1943 - World War II-The entire population of the village of Khatyn Belarus was burnt alive by Nazi German forces, with participation from their Ukrainian and Belarusian collaborators.
  • 29 October 1972 - The Nazis killed 16 thousand Jews in Belarus in Pinsk.
  • 08 december 1991 - Leaders of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine signed the Belavezha Accords, agreement to dissolve the Soviet Union and establish the Commonwealth of Independent States.
  • 08 April 2006 - Lukashenko took the oath of Belarus for the third time.
  • 13 october 2008 - The ban on Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko and 6 other administrators has been temporarily lifted by the European Union in an attempt to encourage democratic developments in that country.
  • 14 october 2008 - The ban on Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko and 6 other administrators has been temporarily lifted by the European Union in an attempt to encourage democratic developments in that country.

Populated Cities of Belarus

Polatsk, Homyel, Mahilyow, Vitsyebsk, Hrodna, Brest, Babruysk, Minsk, Baranavichy, Barysaw, Orsha, Pinsk, Mazyr, Maladzyechna, Lida,

5 Neighbour countries of Belarus

Latvia [L] , Lithuania [L] , Poland [L] , Russia [L] , Ukraine [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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