1875 in History – What happened in year 1875

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1875 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1875.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1875 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
24 februaryThe steamship SS Gothenburg hit a section of the Great BarrierReef at low tide and sank northwest of Holbourne Island, Queensland,Australia, with over 100 deaths.
03 marchFrench composer Georges Bizet's opera Carmen, based on thenovella of the same title by Prosper Mérimée, premiered at the OpéraComique in Paris.
03 marchThe first indoor game of ice hockey was played at the VictoriaSkating Rink in Montreal by James Creighton and McGill Universitystudents.
15 marchArchbishop of New York John McCloskey was named the firstcardinal in the United States.
20 marchRepresentatives from seventeen countries signed the MetreConvention which set up an institute for the purpose of coordinatinginternational metrology and for coordinating the development of themetric system.
20 mayRepresentatives from seventeen countries signed the MetreConvention which set up an institute for the purpose of coordinatinginternational metrology and for coordinating the development of themetric system.
23 septemberBilly the Kid was arrested for the first time after stealingclothes from a laundryman, beginning his life as an infamous Americanoutlaw and gunman.
27 septemberThe Ellen Southard wrecked in a storm at Liverpool, England;the United States Congress subsequently awarded 27 gold LifesavingMedals to the lifeboat men who rescued her crew.
25 octoberThe first performance of Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1,one of his most popular compositions, was given in Boston with Hans vonBülow as soloist.
16 MayAristides wins the first Kentucky Derby.
24 MaySyed Ahmad Khan established the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental School in Aligarh which is presently known as Aligarh Muslim University.
09 JulyBombay Stock Exchange was established. It was the first stock exchange in the country.
22 OctoberThe first telegraphic connection began in Argentina.
31 OctoberIndia's first Deputy Prime Minister, India's freedom fighter fighter and iron man Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born.
04 NovemberThe Massachusetts Rifle Association was established in Boston, USA.
04 AugustDanish writer Hans Christian Anderson was born. He was famous for writing beautiful stories for children.
03 JanuaryThe French litterateur and dictionary expert Pier LaRose died.
07 MarchThe telegraph was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
08 MarchThe famous poet Mirza Salamat Ali Dabir of Urdu died.
10 AprilSwami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Aryasamaj.
17 AprilSir Neville Chamberlin invented snooker.
12 JanuaryGuangzhou became the emperor of the 11th Qing Dynasty of China at the age of 4, in succession to his cousin.
25 FebruaryThe Keeva Indians under Lone Wolf Giogogo) surrendered at Fort Sail.
03 MarchThe first indoor ice hockey game was played at the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
10 AprilArya Samaj was founded in Mumbai by Swami Dayanand Saraswati.
07 MayThe Treaty of St. Petersburg was signed between Japan and Russia.
19 JuneThe US Marine Hospital was formally inaugurated in the Presidio.
01 JulyUniversal Postal Union was established.
14 AugustThe Society of Regret Africans was founded in Pearl.
05 OctoberSan Francisco established the Palace Hotel on Market Street.

Famous birthdays in the year 1875:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 JuneCharles Stewart Mott / Politician / United States of America
02 February Fritz Kreisler / Violinist / United States of America
03 DecemberMax Meldrum / Painter / Australia
05 DecemberArthur Currie / General / Canada
08 AugustArthur Bernardes / Politician / Brazil
09 AugustAlbert Ketèlbey / Composer / United Kingdom
09 January Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney / Sculptor / United States of America
10 JulyMary McLeod Bethune / Activist / United States of America
12 MayCharles Holden / Architect / United Kingdom
16 SeptemberJames Cash Penney / Business Man / United States of America
17 AprilAleksander Tõnisson / Politician / Estonia
18 SeptemberTomás Burgos / Philanthropist / Chile
19 DecemberGrace Marie Bareis / Mathematician / United States of America
21 February Jeanne Calment / Supercentenarian / France
23 AugustWilliam Eccles / Engineer / United Kingdom
23 OctoberGilbert N. Lewis / Academic / United States of America
28 OctoberGilbert Hovey Grosvenor / Journalist / Canada
28 January Julián Carrillo / Violinist / Mexico
29 AugustLeonardo De Lorenzo / Educator / Italy
30 March Thomas Xenakis / Gymnast / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1875:

YearName / Profession / Country
31 OctoberSardar Vallabh Bhai Patel / Politician / India
31 OctoberVallabhbhai Patel / Politician / India
25 JulyJim Corbett / Environmentalist / India
31 OctoberVallabhbhai Patel / Lawyer / India
03 NovemberSardar Vallabh Bhai Patel / Lawyer / India
01 JanuaryHasrat Mohani / Writer / India
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