Ireland History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Ireland has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Ireland and important events related to Ireland history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Ireland Country Profile


Ireland History

The country of Ireland was created as an Irish Free State in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. It had Dominion status until 1937 when a new constitution was adopted, in which the state was named "Ireland" and effectively became a republic, with an elected non-executive president as head of state. It was officially declared a republic in 1949 after the Ireland Act 1948. Ireland became a member of the United Nations in December 1955. It joined the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the European Union, in 1973. The state had no formal relations with Northern Ireland for much of the twentieth century, but during the 1980s and 1990s British and Irish governments worked with Northern Ireland parties to resolve a "treble". Since the signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, the Irish Government and Northern Ireland Executive have collaborated on several policy areas under the North / South Ministerial Council created by the Agreement.

Ireland Geography

The state is spread over an area of ​​approximately 70,273 km2 or 27,133 square miles of the island of Ireland, with Northern Ireland remaining. The island is bounded on the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean and on the north channel by the northeast. To the east, the Irish Sea connects to the Atlantic Ocean via the St. George Channel and to the southwest via the Celtic Sea. Ireland is the least forested country in Europe. By the end of the Middle Ages, the lands were heavily forested with native trees such as oak, ash, hazel, birch, alder, willow, aspen, elm, rowan, yew, and Scots pine.

Ireland Economy

Ireland has an open economy (ranked 6th in the Index of Economic Freedom), and ranks first for "direct-foreign investment" (direct foreign investment). Ireland is ranked 5th in 187 (IMF) and 6th in 175 (World Bank), using global GDP per capita. The alternative metric Revised Gross National Income (GNI) aims to give a more accurate view of "activity in the domestic economy". This is particularly relevant in Ireland's small global economy, as GDP includes income from non-Irish-owned companies.

Ireland Language

The Irish constitution describes Irish as the "national language", but English is the dominant language. In the 2006 census, 39% of people considered themselves competent in Irish. Irish is spoken as a community language in most rural areas in the west and south of the country, collectively known as Geltech.

Ireland Important Facts

  • Ireland is officially called the Republic of Ireland. It is a sovereign country located in North-Western Europe.
  • Ireland borders Iraq to the north and west, and Saudi Arabia to the north.
  • Ireland gained independence from the combined monarchy on 21 January 1919.
  • The total area of ​​Ireland is 70,273 square kilometers, (27,133 square miles).
  • The official language of Ireland is Irish and English.
  • The name of the currency of Ireland is Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Ireland in 2016 was 47.7 million.
  • Ireland is the third largest island in Europe.
  • Ireland played their first Test match against Pakistan 80 years later (in 2018) after being recognized (29 December 1937).
  • Ireland is the only country in European countries where it is illegal for a woman to have an abortion.
  • Ireland is the only country in the world whose national emblem is a musical instrument (The Harp).
  • Snakes are not found here in Ireland due to the cold.
  • To get citizenship of Ireland you do not need to be born there, if your grandfather, grandmother if you are resident there then you will get citizenship of Ireland.
  • There is a time in Ireland which is the year 900 A.D. Opened and is still operational. Its name
  • In Ireland, it is still a crime to condemn someone.

Ireland Important History Events

  • 01 april 1234 - An Englishman lost the Battle of the Curragh in Ireland, at the same place where an Australian would win the 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge in Scotland many years later.
  • 07 September 1533 - Queen Elizabeth I of Britain and Ireland was born in Greenwich, London.
  • 17 november 1558 - Elizabeth I became Queen of England and Ireland, marking thebeginning of the Elizabethan era.
  • 24 march 1603 - King James VI of Scotland acceded to the thrones of England and Ireland, becoming James I of England and unifying the crowns of the kingdoms for the first time.
  • 23 october 1641 - Irish Catholic gentry in Ulster tried to seize control ofDublin Castle, the seat of English rule in Ireland, to force concessionsto Catholics.
  • 11 september 1649 - Cromwellian conquest of Ireland-Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army ended the Siege of Drogheda, took over the town and massacred its garrison.
  • 23 april 1661 - Charles II, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland was crownedat Westminster Abbey.
  • 30 November 1667 - Ireland writer Jonathan Swift died in Dublin. His book Goliwar Yatra Vrataanta is counted among the magnificent works of the world literature.
  • 13 february 1689 - Glorious Revolution-Mary Stuart and her husband William III of Orange were proclaimed co-rulers of England and Ireland.
  • 28 December 1700 - Laurence Hyde Rochester was appointed the first Earl Ireland Lord Lieutenant.

Populated Cities of Ireland

Limerick, Shannon, Galway, Muineachan, Waterford, Ros Comain, Dundalk, Drogheda, Tralee, Donegal, Kilkenny, Sligo, Cork, Killarney, Dublin, An Cabhan, Swords, Dunleary, Tallaght, Castlebar, Naas, Carlow, Ennis, Nenagh, Clonmel, Mullingar, Port Laoise, Trim, Longford, Lifford, Wicklow, Wexford, Carrick on Shannon, Tullamore,

1 Neighbour countries of Ireland

United Kingdom [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Ireland

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1944Mary Robinson / Female / Politician / Ireland
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