United Kingdom History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

United Kingdom has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the United Kingdom and important events related to United Kingdom history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

United Kingdom Country Profile

CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound sterling

United Kingdom History

On 1 May 1707, the United Kingdom of Greater Britain was established by the political union of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland. After which it was ratified by Acts 1707 of a Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. Nearly a century later, the Empire of Ireland, which had come under English control by the year 1691, merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain by Act of the Union 1800 to form the United Kingdom. Although England and Scotland were separated before 1707, they were personally in union with the union of kingship in 1603, when King James VI of the Scots inherited the throne of the Kingdom of England and Ireland and moved his court from Edinburgh to London. took away. The United Kingdom was one of the allies of the Second World War. Following the defeat of its European allies in the first year of the war, the United Kingdom continued the air campaign war against Germany known as the Battle of Britain. The United Kingdom was one of the 12 founding countries of the beginning of the European Union by the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992.

United Kingdom Geography

The total area of ​​the United Kingdom is approximately 245000 km2 which includes the islands of Great Britain, one-sixth of the northeast of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland) and smaller islands. It lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, within 35 km of the northwest coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel. The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plenty of rainfall throughout the year. The temperature varies with the seasons but sometimes falls below -10 C or rises to 35 C.

United Kingdom Economy

The United Kingdom has the fifth largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product (GDP), and the ninth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). It is a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index rating at number 15 in the world. It was the world's first industrialized country and the world's leading power during the 19th and 20th centuries. Britain remains a great power internationally with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. It is a recognized nuclear weapons state and the sixth in military spending in the world. It has been a permanent member of the UN Security Council since its first session in 1946.

United Kingdom Language

The actual real language of Britain is English. It is estimated that 95 per cent of the UK population is monolithic English speakers. 5.5% of the population estimates that languages ​​brought to the UK are spoken as a result of relatively recent immigration. South Asian languages, including Punjabi, Hindi, Bengali and Gujarati are the largest groups and are spoken by 2.7 per cent of the UK population. According to the 2011 census, Polish has become the second largest language spoken in England and has 546,000 speakers.

United Kingdom Important Facts

  • The United Kingdom, officially called United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland, is an island nation in the northwest of the continent of Europe. The United Kingdom is also known as Britain or Great Britain.
  • The United Kingdom borders the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, and the Irish Sea.
  • The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and unitary state consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
  • The United Kingdom was the first industrialized country in the world and the world's leading power during the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • The total area of ​​the United Kingdom is 242,495 sq km. (93,628 sq mi).
  • The official language of the United Kingdom is English.
  • The currency of the United Kingdom is named Pound Sterling.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of the United Kingdom in 2016 was 6.56 million.
  • The United Kingdom is the sixth largest economy in the world by GDP and the seventh largest country by purchasing power parity.
  • The United Kingdom was one of the 12 founding countries that initiated the European Union by the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992.
  • In 1860, the first fish and chips restaurant in London was opened by a Jewish immigrant named Joseph Malin.
  • Champagne was invented in England in 1662 by the scientist Christopher Merrett.
  • More languages ​​(300) are spoken in London than in any other country in the world.
  • Britain is the only country in the world not named on postage stamps.
  • Until the year 1877, lecturers at Oxford University were not allowed to marry and women were not given degrees until 1920.

United Kingdom Important History Events

  • 13 june 1373 - Anglo-Portuguese Alliance took place between England and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. This alliance has served both countries. It was very important throughout history, influencing the participation of the United Kingdom in the Iberian Peninsular War, the UK's major land contribution to the Napoleonic Wars and the establishment of an Anglo-American base in Portugal.
  • 07 november 1619 - Elizabeth Stuart, a direct ancestor of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, was crowned Queen of Bohemia.
  • 22 September 1761 - King George III and Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom were crowned.
  • 02 April 1801 - First Battle of Copenhagen Second Coalition War): The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom under Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, the Dano-Norwegian Navy was forced to accept a ceasefire. Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson leads the main attack and deliberately instructed his commander to withdraw the army.
  • 30 September 1801 - The Treaty of London was signed for the initial peace between the French First Republic and Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Ireland.
  • 25 march 1802 - France and the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Amiens, temporarily ending the hostilities between the two during the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 02 December 1802 - The health and ethics of the Apprentices Act came into effect in the United Kingdom, as a result of which the conditions for child labor in factories were regulated.
  • 12 December 1804 - Spain declared war on the United Kingdom.
  • 03 february 1807 - Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom captured Montevideo, now the capital of Uruguay, from the Spanish Empire.
  • 09 June 1807 - The Duke of Portland won the United Kingdom general election.

Populated Cities of United Kingdom

Fort William, Bath, Chester, Newcastle, Cardiff, London, Kirkwall, Londonderry, Nottingham, Liverpool, Greenock, Carlisle, Wick, Scarborough, Ayr, Lerwick, Southend-on-Sea, Bristol, Edinburgh, Brighton, Bradford, Leicester, Sunderland, Inverness, Belfast, Portsmouth, Bournemouth, Middlesbrough, Perth, Stoke, Coventry, Southampton, Reading, Dover, Dumfries, Kingston upon Hull, Swansea, Blackpool, Plymouth, Luton, Birmingham, Manchester, Omagh, Penzance, Oxford, Norwich, Aberdeen, York, Leeds, Dundee, Ipswich, Peterborough, Sheffield, Cambridge, Glasgow, Exeter, Swindon, Hackney, Wokingham, City of Westminster, Torquay, Thornbury, Oldham, Elgin, Wallsend, Weston-super-Mare, Hounslow, Irvine, Barnsley, Darlington, Hereford, Grimsby, Bracknell, Morpeth, Gateshead, Wandsworth, South Shields, Ystrad Mynach, South Bank, Haddington, Aberaeron, Glenrothes, Pen-y-Bont ar Ogwr, Barri, Stafford, Stockton-on-Tees, Maidenhead, Dalkeith, Wood Green, Pont-y-pwl, Milton Keynes, Hartlepool, Harrow, Oldbury, Ashton-under-Lyne, Wakefield, Trowbridge, Maidstone, Poole, Newport,

21 Neighbour countries of United Kingdom

Antigua and Barbuda [M] , Argentina [M] , Bahamas [M] , Belgium [M] , Cuba [M] , Cyprus [LM] , Denmark [M] , Dominican Republic [M] , France [M] , Germany [M] , Haiti [M] , Honduras [M] , Ireland [LM] , Jamaica [M] , Maldives [M] , Netherlands [M] , Norway [M] , Saint Kitts and Nevis [M] , Spain [LM] , United States of America [M] , Venezuela [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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