National Education Day Quick Facts

Event NameNational Education Day ()
Event Started11 November 2008
Event LevelNational Day
Observed byMinistry of Human Resource, India

National Education Day Brief

Every year on November 11, National Education Day or National Education Day is celebrated across the country. The Ministry of Human Resources announced on 11 November 2008 that National Education Day would be celebrated on 11 November every year.

National Education Day History

Legally, 'National Education Day' has been started from November 11, 2008. This day is celebrated on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the great freedom fighter of India, famous educationist and 'Bharat Ratna' awardee.

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Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad belonged to the family of Afghan Ulemas who came to India from Herat during Babur's time. His mother was of Arabic origin and her name was Sheikh Aliya bint Mohammed. And his father was Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed al-Husseini, a Persian man.

Mohammad Khairuddin and his family had left Calcutta in 1857 and moved to Mecca during the first movement of Indian independence. And when Mohammad Khairuddin returned to India in 1890, Mohammad Khairuddin gained a reputation as a Muslim scholar in Calcutta. His mother died when Azad was only 11 years old.

He had his early education through Islamic methods. He was taught at home or in the mosque by his father and later by other scholars. Apart from Islamic education, he also got education in philosophy, history and mathematics from other gurus.

Azad acquired proficiency in Urdu, Persian, Hindi, Arabic and English languages. At the age of sixteen, he had received all the education he usually received at the age of 25. At the age of thirteen, he was married to a young Muslim girl, Zulikha Begum. He was close to the Deobandi ideology and wrote articles on other expressions of the Quran. Azad learned English through dedicated self-study and read a lot of western philosophy. He did not like Muslim traditional education and but he agreed with the views of modern educationist Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.

Important interesting facts related to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia).
  • Abul Kalam's childhood name was Syed Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al Hussaini.
  • His father's name was Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al Hussaini and his mother's name was Sheikh Aliya bint Mohammed.
  • In 1923, Maulana Azad became the youngest president of the Indian National Congress.
  • Abul Kalam became the first education minister of independent India after independence (15 August 2017).
  • The Indian Council for Cultural Relations was established before 1950 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
  • He founded the Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1953, the Sahitya Akademi in 1954 and the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1954.
  • Ghubar-e-Khatir is one of the most important works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, written mainly during 1942 to 1946.
  • In the year 1992, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded the country's highest civilian award 'Bharat Ratna'.
  • At the time of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's death, he did not have any property and did not have any bank account.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the country's first education minister, died on 22 February 1958.
  • The tomb of Abul Kalam Azad is located next to Jama Masjid in Delhi. In recent years great concern has been expressed by many in India about the poor maintenance of the tomb. On 16 November 2005, the Delhi High Court ordered that Maulana Azad's tomb in New Delhi be renovated and preserved as a major national monument.
  • One of his notable works is the establishment of the University Grants Commission.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad played an active role in the non-cooperation movement and Khilafat movement.

National Institutes of Education of India:

"Shanti Niketan" i.e. 'Vishva Bharati' University is the best national educational institution of India, founded by Dr. Rabindrath Tagore in 1901 AD. Raja Rammohan Roy, Swami Vivekananda, Swami Dayanand, Arvind Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore etc. were the patriots of the renaissance and revolution movements that were initiated in the country against the British rule.

Where these great men presented their original ideas in various fields, they also made important efforts in the field of education. Understanding the destructive effect of English education in India, he tried to Indianize education according to the country's civilization and culture, and by establishing many national educational institutions, awakened the consciousness of patriotism among the people.

Gurukul Kangri of Haridwar, Gujarat Vidyapeeth of Ahmedabad, Kashi Vidyapeeth of Banaras, Shanti-Niketan or Visva Bharati of Bolpur (West Bengal) etc. were such national centers of education. These great men and the educational institutions established by them had made a significant contribution to the Indian national freedom movement.

Education for all campaign:

The central government started it from the year 2002 with the slogan of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan for all the students of the country in the age group of 6 to 14 years. Under this, several continuous training sessions were held for the teachers.

Compulsorily all "Read-proceed" boards were put up outside all primary-secondary schools in all states across the country, to give a message to the entire public that the doors of schools were open to all sections of society. are open. This provision was made to educate healthy and handicapped children (6 to 14 years) of all religions, castes, and classes.

Important Days of November Month - (National Days and International Days):

Day Event Name - Event Level
10 NovemberWorld Science Day - International Day
11 NovemberNational Education Day - National Day
12 NovemberNational Bird Day - National Day
14 NovemberChildrens Day - International Day
14 NovemberWorld Diabetes Day - International Day
16 NovemberInternational Tolerance Day - International Day
17 NovemberNational Epilepsy (Apasmar) Day - National Day
17 NovemberNational Journalism Day - National Day
19 NovemberWorld Toilet Day - International Day
20 NovemberInternational Child Rights Day - International Day
21 NovemberWorld Fisheries Day - International Day
21 NovemberWorld Doordarshan (Television) Day - International Day
22 NovemberJhalkari Bai Jayanti - National Day
25 NovemberInternational Womens Violence Eradication Day - International Day
26 NovemberNational Law Day - National Day
26 NovemberWorld Environment Protection Day - International Day
26 NovemberNational Milk Day - National Day
नवंबर माह का तीसरा गुरुवार of NovemberWorld Darshan Day - International Day

National Education Day FAQs:

National Education Day is observed every year on 11 November.

Yes, National Education Day is an National Day that is celebrated every year on November all over the India.

National Education Day started on 11 November 2008.

National Education Day is observed every year by Ministry of Human Resource, India.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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