1812 in History – What happened in year 1812

✅ Published on April 2nd, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1812 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1812.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1812 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
27 februaryManuel Belgrano raised the Flag of Argentina, which hedesigned, for the first time in the city of Rosario, during theArgentine War of Independence.
26 marchThe Boston Gazette printed a political cartoon coining the term'gerrymander', named after Governor Elbridge Gerry's approval oflegislation that created oddly shaped electoral districts designed tohelp incumbents win reelection.
06 aprilPeninsular War-After a three-week siege, the Anglo-Portuguese Army, under the Earl of Wellington , captured Badajoz, Spain and forced the surrender of the French garrison.
11 mayIn the lobby of the British House of Commons, Spencer Percevalbecame the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated.
24 juneNapoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée under Napoleoncrossed the Neman River, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.
15 augustWar of 1812-Potawatomi warriors destroyed the United States Army's Fort Dearborn in what is now Chicago, Illinois, and captured the survivors.
19 augustWar of 1812-American Navy frigate USS Constitution defeatedBritish Royal Navy frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia,Canada, earning her nickname 'Old Ironsides'.
04 septemberWar of 1812-A coalition of Native American tribes began theSiege of Fort Harrison in Terre Haute, Indiana, by setting the fort onfire.
13 octoberWar of 1812-British troops and Mohawk warriors repelled anAmerican invasion from across the Niagara River at the Battle ofQueenston Heights near Queenston, Ontario.
14 octoberWar of 1812-British troops and Mohawk warriors repelled anAmerican invasion from across the Niagara River at the Battle ofQueenston Heights near Queenston, Ontario.
23 octoberGeneral Claude François de Malet began a conspiracy tooverthrow Napoleon, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that hewas now the commandant of Paris.
25 octoberWar of 1812-USS United States captured HMS Macedonian, whichlater became the first British warship to be brought into an Americanharbor.
03 novemberFrench invasion of Russia-As Napoleon's Grande Armée beganits retreat, its rear guard was defeated at the Battle of Vyazma.
18 novemberNapoleonic Wars-During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, Marshal Michel Ney's leadership in the Battle of Krasnoi earned him the nickname'the bravest of the brave' despite the overwhelming French defeat.
22 novemberWar of 1812-During a punitive expedition against Native American villages, a contingent of Indiana Rangers were ambushed by Kickapoo, Winnebago, and Shawnee warriors.
03 SeptemberIn London, England, the world's first factory to fill cans opened.
18 SeptemberThe fire in Moscow burned 75 percent of the city, killing 12,000 people.
26 MarchA massive earthquake in Venezuela's largest city of Caracas destroyed 90 percent of the city and killed about 20,000 people.
01 JanuaryThe Austrian Civilization Bergerilichs Gestzbuch Austrian Civil Code) came into force in the Austrian Empire
13 FebruaryThe first Chilean newspaper Aurora de Chile stood to deal with political philosophy and in favor of the new national government.
05 MarchPrussia and France signed the Treaty of Paris.
30 AprilLouisiana was accepted as the 18th US state.
16 MayRussian Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov, signed the Treaty of Bucharest which resulted in the Russo-Turkish War (1806–12) and Bessarabia was annexed to Imperial Russia.
18 JuneThe War of 1812 began between the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.
12 JulyThe US invaded Canada in Windsor, Ontario.
12 AugustPeninsular War: After the Battle of Salamanca, the combined English and Portuguese forces under the command of Wellington entered Madrid.
14 SeptemberFrench invasion of Russia: Napoleon's troops entered Moscow, which was deliberately set on fire by Muskovite, at the behest of Fodor Rostopchine.
09 OctoberDuring the War of 1812, US naval forces under Lieutenant Jesse Duncan Elliott captured two British warships, HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
05 NovemberJames Madison defeated DeWitt Clinton in the US presidential election.
20 DecemberThe first volume of Grimm's "Fairy Tales" was published in Germany.


Famous birthdays in the year 1812:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 SeptemberWilliam Fox / Politician / United Kingdom
06 DecemberRobert Spear Hudson / Business Man / United Kingdom
08 January Sigismond Thalberg / Composer / Switzerland
09 JuneJohann Gottfried Galle / Academic / Germany
10 January Georg Hermann Nicolai / Academic / Germany
11 February Alexander H. Stephens / Politician / United States of America
12 SeptemberRichard March Hoe / Business Man / United States of America
12 SeptemberEdward Shepherd Creasy / Historian / United Kingdom
14 JuneFernando Wood / Politician / United States of America
14 AprilGeorge Grey / Soldier / Portugal
15 February Charles Lewis Tiffany / Business Man / United States of America
15 January Peter Christen Asbjørnsen / Author / Norway
16 February Henry Wilson / Politician / United States of America
18 SeptemberHerschel Vespasian Johnson / Politician / United States of America
18 JuneIvan Goncharov / Journalist / Russia
20 January Thomas Meik / Engineer / Scotland
22 AprilSolomon Caesar Malan / Orientalist / United Kingdom
23 AprilFrederick Whitaker / Politician / United Kingdom
28 February Berthold Auerbach / Poet / Germany
29 February James Milne Wilson / Politician / Scotland

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1812:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 DecemberLord Canning / Indian Govt. / India
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