1842 in History – What happened in year 1842

✅ Published on April 4th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1842 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1842.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1842 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
13 januaryFirst Anglo-Afghan War-William Brydon, an assistant surgeon inthe British Army, arrived at Jalalabad, Afghanistan, the sole Europeansurvivor of the massacre of over 4,500 military personnel and over10,000 civilian camp followers retreating from Kabul, excluding a fewprisoners released later.
09 marchNabucco, an opera by Italian Romantic composer Giuseppe Verdithat established his reputation as a composer, premiered at the Teatroalla Scala in Milan.
09 marchThe first documented discovery of gold in California occurred at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush.
30 marchAmerican physician Crawford Long became the first person to use diethyl ether as an anesthetic in a surgical procedure.
08 mayA train derailed and caught fire in Paris, killing between 52 and 200 people.
01 augustA parade in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US, celebrating the endof slavery in the West Indies was attacked by a mob, leading to threedays of riots.
14 augustAmerican Indian Wars-American general William J. Worthdeclared the Second Seminole War to be over.
28 augustThe Treaty of Nanking, an unequal treaty ending the First OpiumWar, was signed, forcing the Chinese Qing Dynasty to give control of theisland that is now the site of Hong Kong, and other concessions to theBritish.
26 novemberThe University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, US, was founded as an all-maleinstitution by members of the Roman Catholic Congregation of Holy Cross.
29 AugustGreat Britain and China signed the Treaty of Nanking.
11 JanuaryFamous American thinker and philosopher William James was born in New York.
21 FebruaryJohn Greenoff got patent rights for sewing machine in US.
30 MarchEther was first used as an anesthetic.
08 JanuaryDelft University of Technology established the Royal Academy for the Education of Civil Engineers by William II of the Netherlands.
01 FebruaryWillamette University was founded in Salem, Oregon.
31 MarchThe Middleton Junction and Oldham Branch railway line was opened in Vernes, North West England.
13 AprilFirst Anglo-Afghan War: The first British-Afghan War was fought in Geelabad, in which the British Army emerged victorious.
18 JuneAn elementary school system was introduced in Sweden.
09 JulyNotary stamp law approved.
29 AugustGreat Britain and China signed the Treaty of Nanning, the opium war ended.
18 SeptemberThe first edition of the Pittsburgh Post-Gadget was published.
05 OctoberJoseph Grol produced the first Pilsner beer in Bohemia in the city of Pilsen.
26 NovemberUniversity of Notre Dame was established.
20 DecemberThe Military College of South Carolina was established.


Famous birthdays in the year 1842:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 OctoberCharles Cros / Poet / France
01 March Nikolaos Gyzis / Academic / Greece
03 DecemberEllen Swallow Richards / Chemist / United States of America
03 AprilUlric Dahlgren / Colonel / United States of America
03 DecemberCharles Alfred Pillsbury / Business Man / United States of America
06 January Clarence King / Mountaineer / United States of America
08 JuneJohn Q. A. Brackett / Politician / United States of America
08 AprilElizabeth Bacon Custer / Author / United States of America
08 MayEmil Christian Hansen / Physiologist / Denmark
09 DecemberPeter Kropotkin / Philosopher / Russia
11 January William James / Philosopher / United States of America
12 NovemberJohn William Strutt / Academic / United Kingdom
13 AugustCharles Wells / Brewer / United Kingdom
18 March Stéphane Mallarmé / Poet / France
20 SeptemberJames Dewar / Chemist / United Kingdom
22 SeptemberAbdul Hamid II / Sultan / Turkey
23 March Susan Jane Cunningham / Mathematician / United States of America
23 February Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann / Author / Germany
25 February Karl May / Poet / Germany
31 AugustJosephine St. Pierre Ruffin / Journalist / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1842:

YearName / Profession / Country
01 JuneSatyaendra Nath Tagore / Civil Servant / India
01 OctoberS. Subramania Iyer / Lawyer / India
18 JanuaryMahadev Govind Ranade / Freedom Fighter / India
01 JuneSatyendranath Tagore / Writer / India
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