|Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, was grantedresignation by Pope Innocent IV after having confessed to torture andforgery.
|King James I of Scotland was murdered at Perth in a failed coupby his uncle and former ally Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl.
|Led by the Ethiopian Emperor Galawdewos, the combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army led by Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi.
|The rule of the Romanov dynasty was established in Russia.
|The United States opened diplomatic relations with Portugal.
|Built by Cornish inventor Richard Trevithick, the first self-propelled steam locomotive first ran in Wales.
|Finnish War: Russian soldiers crossed the border into Finland without declaring war.
|The Chmash rebellion of 1824 began against the Spanish presence in California.
|The inaugural issue of the Cherokee Phoenix, the firstnewspaper in a Native American language, was published.
|John Greenoff got patent rights for sewing machine in US.
|Communist theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publishedThe Communist Manifesto, which became one of the world's mostinfluential political tracts.
|Edwin T. Holmes built the first electric thief alarm (Boston, Mass.).
|The federal constitution and the presidency were declared permanent.
|Munshi Mehboob Alam, an eminent poet and journalist of Urdu language, was born.
|First telephone directory was released in Connecticut, USA.
|The great poet and writer Suryakant Tripathi Nirala was born.
|During World War I, a terrible war broke out between Germany and France. This battle is famous as the War of War.
|The Carolina Parakeet, the only parrot speciesnative to the eastern United States, became extinct when the lastindividual died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
|Bavarian socialist Kurt Eisner, who had organized the German Revolution that overthrew the Wittelsbach monarchy and established Bavaria as a republic, was assassinated.
|Reza Khan seized Tehran to make himself the most powerfulperson in Iran, which eventually led to the establishment of the Pahlavidynasty.
|621 died at a dynamite depot in Brazil.
|André Tardié became the Prime Minister of France for the third time.
|Bill France, Sr. and several other race car drivers founded NASCAR, the governing body of stock car racing in the United States.
|Protesters in Dhaka, East Pakistan, walked into militarycrossfire demanding the establishment of the Bengali language as anofficial language.
|A demonstration was held to give Bengali language official language status at Dhaka University in East Pakistan (present-day Dhaka).
|British artist Gerald Holtom designed a logo for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament that became more commonly known as the peace symbol.
|Black nationalist Malcolm X was assassinated while giving aspeech in New York City's Audubon Ballroom.
|Malcolm X, a famous American militant, was killed by a suspected faction of this country.
|The Convention on Psychotropic Substances, a United Nationstreaty designed to control psychoactive drugs, was signed at aconference of plenipotentiaries in Vienna.
|After accidentally having strayed into Israeli airspace, Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by two Israeli fighter aircraft.
|In the Sinai Desert, Israeli fighter aircraft shot down the Libyan Arab Airlines plane-114, killing 108 people on board.
|The Government of South Africa opened Johannesburg and Durban to blacks.
|US called the plan unacceptable when U.S.S.R Announces that Iraq agrees to proposal to end Persian Gulf War.
|Sergi Bubka sets the world record in indoor pole vault (6.15m).
|Sarkadji Prison Rebellion in Algeria: Four guards and 96 prisoners were killed in a year and a half.
|Soyuz TM-23 got launched into its orbit.
|Cup Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open was held.
|The Lahore Manifesto was signed by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif.
|U2, Steely Dan, Macy Gray and Sting win major awards at 43rd Grammy Awards.
|The foreign direct investment into China has risen for the sixth consecutive month, up $8.3 billion year-on-year.
|An experimental life-blogging camera was removed from the head of a professor from New York University after his immune system rejected the implant.
|Among the winners in at the 2012 BRIT awards for British popular music there were One Direction, Adele, Coldplay and Ed Sheeran.
|The country will hold parliamentary elections in April 2013, The Egypt’s Government announced.
|President Obama meets with Dalai Lama for the third time even though it was protested from china that this meeting could threaten diplomatic relations.