1860 in History – What happened in year 1860

✅ Published on April 4th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1860 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1860.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1860 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
17 marchThe First Taranaki War began at Waitara, New Zealand, markingan important phase of the New Zealand land wars.
24 marchRonin samurai of the Mito Domain assassinated Japanese Chief Minister Ii Naosuke, upset with his role in the opening of Japan to foreign powers.
03 aprilThe Pony Express, a mail service that became the most directmeans of long distance communication to the American West, beganoperation.
09 aprilOn his phonograph machine, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville made the oldest known recording of an audible human voice,when he recorded himself singing 'Au clair de la lune'.
05 mayLed by Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi, the volunteer Expedition of the Thousand set sail from Genoa on a campaign to conquerthe Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
30 juneSeven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, several prominent British scientists and philosophers participated in an evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum in Oxford, England.
21 septemberSecond Opium War-Anglo-French forces earned a decisive victory against Qing dynasty troops in the Battle of Palikao, allowing them tocapture Beijing.
20 decemberSouth Carolina became the first of eleven slave states to secede from the United States, leading to the eventual creation of the Confederate States of America and later the American Civil War.
29 decemberTo counter the French Navy's La Gloire, the world's first ironclad warship, the British Royal Navy launched the world's first iron-hulled armored battleship, HMS Warrior.
06 NovemberAbraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President of America.
04 DecemberAgustino Lawrenceo of Margao, Goa, received a doctorate in chemistry from the University of Paris. He became the first Indian to pursue a doctorate from a foreign university.
16 DecemberPowell Napco, one of the scientists who invented TV, was born.
19 DecemberLord Dalhousie, who was the Governor General of India from 1848 to 1856, died in Britain.
29 FebruaryThe table machine was invented by Herman Hollerith.
09 MarchJapan appointed its ambassador to the US for the first time.
09 AprilFor the first time, the voice of man was notated.
10 JanuaryThe Pemberton Mill collapse in Lawrence Massachusetts, United States, killed 146 workers.
03 FebruaryThomas Claasen took over as the first US Superintendent of Agriculture.
09 MarchThe first Japanese embassy in the United States was established in San Francisco.
02 AprilThe first Italian Parliament meeting began in Turin.
18 MayAbraham Lincoln was elected as the US presidential candidate for the Republican Party.
30 JuneA historical debate about development was held at the Oxford University Museum.
19 JulyThe first railway was extended to Kansas.
03 AugustThe Second Maori War was launched in New Zealand.
08 SeptemberThe loss of the paddle steamer "Lady Elgin" on Lake Michigan submerged about 300 people.
08 OctoberTelegraph line launched between L&SF.
20 DecemberSouth Carolina became the first state to secede from the United States Union.

Famous birthdays in the year 1860:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Michele Lega / Cardinal / Italy
01 January Jan Vilímek / Painter / Czech Republic
02 January Dugald Campbell Patterson / Engineer / Canada
03 JulyCharlotte Perkins Gilman / Author / United States of America
04 JuneAlexis Lapointe / Runner / Canada
06 AprilRené Lalique / Sculptor / France
07 AugustAlan Leo / Author / United Kingdom
07 DecemberJoseph Cook / Politician / United Kingdom
11 February Rachilde / Author / France
13 DecemberLucien Guitry / Actor / France
14 SeptemberHamlin Garland / Poet / United States of America
15 AugustHenrietta Vinton Davis / Actress / United States of America
16 AugustJules Laforgue / Poet / France
18 NovemberIgnacy Jan Paderewski / Pianist / Poland
22 AugustAlfred Ploetz / Physician / Germany
25 January Charles Curtis / Politician / United States of America
25 MayJames McKeen Cattell / Academic / United States of America
27 MayManuel Teixeira Gomes / Politician / Portugal
31 OctoberJuliette Gordon Low / Scout Leader / United States of America
31 JulyMary Vaux Walcott / Painter / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1860:

YearName / Profession / Country
10 AugustVishnu Narayan Bhatkhande / Singer / India
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