|Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias landed in Mossel Bay, becoming the first known European to have sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and the southern tip of Africa.
|The contract prices of rare tulip bulbs in the Dutch Republic, which had been steadily climbing for three months, abruptly dropped, marking the decline of tulip mania.
|An earthquake killed 3,000 people and damaged several buildings in the Italian city of Laquila.
|King Charles de Bourbon of Naples invited the Jews to return to Sicily.
|A "" Pesthouse "was established to quarantine Philadelphia immigrants.
|Dutch states-general prohibited the export of windmills.
|American Revolutionary War-British forces captured the Dutch island of Sint Eustatius with only two shots fired.
|The island of Dutch West Indies was occupied by St Ostatia British.
|Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom captured Montevideo, now the capital of Uruguay, from the Spanish Empire.
|German composer Felix Mandelson Bartoldi was born in the city of Hamburg.
|Argentine War of Independence-José de San Martín and his Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers gained a largely symbolic victory againsta royalist army in the Battle of San Lorenzo.
|The first cheese production factory in the world opened in Switzerland.
|Greece's sovereignty was confirmed in the London Protocol.
|Wake Forest University was established.
|The Argentine Confederation were defeated in the Palestine War byan alliance consisting of the Empire of Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentine province of Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
|Thomas Claasen took over as the first US Superintendent of Agriculture.
|The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of 'race, color,or previous condition of servitude'.
|The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, allowing the US Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on census results.
|High Court was established in Patna, Bihar.
|The first electric train service started between Kurla (Bombay now Mumbai).
|For the first time, the process of sending Paracel by airplanes started. Today, this company is known as Lufthansa.
|Around 800 people died in a stampede during the Kumbh Mela in Prayag.
|Elizabeth II became the first ruling monarch to visit Australia.
|American rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. 'The Big Bopper' Richardson were killed when their plane crashed shortly after taking off from Mason City Municipal Airport inIowa.
|Announces United States embargo against Cuba.
|Ronald Ryan became the last person to be legally executed inAustralia, sparking public protests across the country.
|The foundation stone of the country's first and world's largest coal-based fertilizer plant was laid at Talcher in Odisha.
|A dangerous blizzard started in Iran, killing 4 thousand.
|Mahakavi Shankar Kurup died.
|Pixar Animation Studio opened in California.
|Alfredo Stroessner, whose rule as President of Paraguay for 35 years was marked by uninterrupted repression in his country, was overthrown in a military coup by Andrés Rodríguez.
|William J. Perry was sworn in as United States Secretary of Defense.
|Jean Claude Van Damme an actor who is 32 years old weds Darcy Lapier of 28 years in Bangkok.
|Bill Clinton, the President of US lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam.
|End rescuer Eileen Collins became the first woman to operate a space shuttle.
|Howard Stern Radio show premieres to be in Detroit, Michigan on WKRK 97.1 FM radio.
|Bob Watson the general manager was replaced by the New York Yankees with Brain Cashman.
|A United States Air Force EA-6B Prowler inadvertently severed a cable supporting a gondola of an aerial tramway in Cavalese, Italy, sending 20 people plummeting to their deaths.
|Renowned tabla player Alla Rakha Khan died.
|New England beats St. Louis Rams by 20-17 runs in Super Bowl XXXVI in Louisiana Superdome at New Orleans.
|A bomb blast in a market in Baghdad, Iraq's capital, killed 135 people.
|A North-Korean flagged cargo ship in south of Yemen was seized by the Somalian pirates.
|A cast of L'Homme qui marche I by Swiss sculptor Alberto Giacometti sold for £65 million (US$103.7 million), setting the record for most expensive sculpture sold at a public auction.
|The UN Food and Agricultural Organisation reported that world food prices have reached a higher record.
|The US unemployment rate drops to be 8.3% and it was the lowest in last three years after employers added 240,000 jobs in January.
|A power outage occurred during the Super bowl XLVII at New Orlean’s Super dome and the Baltimore Ravens defeated the San Francisco 49ers by 34-31 runs.
|The 2011 abortion rate was reported to be the lowest in the last 30 years. The rate of 16.9.abortionsper thousand women of child bearing age was 19.4 per thousand in 1981.