Hungary History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Hungary has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Hungary and important events related to Hungary history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Hungary Country Profile

CountryHungary
CapitalBudapest
CurrencyHungarian forint
ContinentEurope
FounderÁrpád

Hungary History

The territory of present-day Hungary was inhabited by a succession of people for centuries, including the Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, West Slavs, and Avars. The foundation of the Hungarian state was established in the late ninth century. After the Battle of the Mohawks in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541–1699). The country came fully under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, and later joined Austria as a major European power, the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Hungary Geography

Hungary is located in the plains of the Danube River in central Europe. In its north, Czechoslovakia is Romania in the east, Yugoslavia in the south and Austria in the west. There is no beach in this country. The climate of the country is dry. There is more winter in winter and hot summer. The minimum temperature is 4 C And the maximum temperature is Rs 36. It gets more than that. Average rainfall is 1016 mm in hilly districts and 381 mm in plain districts. Most of the rainfall occurs in winter which is not harmful for cultivation.

Hungary Economy

Hungary is an OECD high income mixed economy with a very high human development index and a skilled labor force with the 16th lowest income inequality in the world. Furthermore, it is the 9th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index. Hungary is the 57th largest economy in the world (measured by the IMF out of 188 countries) with $ 265.037 billion in production, and by purchasing power parity, GDP is ranked 49th in the world in terms of GDP per capita.

Hungary Language

The official language is Hungarian, the most spoken Uralic language in the world, and one of the few non-Indo-European languages widely spoken in Europe.

Hungary Important Facts

  • Hungary is officially called the Republic of Hungary, a landlocked country located in the Pannonian Basin of Central Europe.
  • Hungary is bordered by Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west.
  • Hungary is one of the oldest countries in Europe. 896 AD before its establishment France, Germany and England. Took place in
  • The total area of ​​Hungary is 93,030 square kilometers (35,920 square miles).
  • Hungarian is the official language of Hungary.
  • The Hungarian currency is named Forint (HUF).
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Hungary in 2016 was 98.2 lakhs.
  • The highest mountain in Hungary is Keckes, which is 3,330 feet high.
  • Hungary follows the system of 'constitutional republic' with the parliamentary system of government.
  • Hungary's Parliament is the third largest parliamentary building in the world, built in Budapest.
  • As of 2007, 13 Hungarians have received the Nobel Prize in every category except the Peace Nobel Prize, which is higher than India, Japan, China, Australia or Spain.
  • The Hungarian Grand Prix held in 1986 was the first Formula One race to be held behind the iron curtain.
  • Hungary issued bank notes in 1946 with a 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 (one quintillion) pango-face value, the world's highest denomination.
  • The first foreign fast food restaurant in Hungary was McDonald's which opened in 1988.

Hungary Important History Events

  • 06 december 1060 - Béla I the Champion was crowned king of Hungary.
  • 06 december 1060 - Béla I the Champion was crowned king of Hungary.
  • 14 january 1301 - The Árpád dynasty, which had ruled Hungary since the late 9th century, ended with the death of King Andrew III.
  • 09 november 1330 - The Battle of Posada between Basarab I of Wallachia andCharles I Robert of Hungary began near the present-day border ofOltenia and Severin, Romania.
  • 25 september 1396 - Ottoman wars in Europe-Ottoman forces under Bayezid Idefeated a Christian alliance led by Sigismund of Hungary in the Battleof Nicopolis near present-day Nikopol, Bulgaria.
  • 14 July 1456 - Hungary defeated Ottoman in the Battle of Belgrade.
  • 24 january 1458 - The 14-year-old Matthias Corvinus was unanimously proclaimed King of Hungary, after the Estates were persuaded to do so by his uncle Michael Szilágyi.
  • 15 december 1467 - Troops under Stephen III of Moldavis defeated the forces of Matthias Corvinus of Hungary in present-day Baia, Romania.
  • 29 august 1526 - Ottoman–Hungarian Wars-Louis II, the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia, died after his army was defeated by Ottomanforces led by Suleiman the Magnificent at the Battle of Mohács.
  • 23 July 1540 - Turkey recognized Janos Sigismand Zapolayi as King of Hungary.

Populated Cities of Hungary

Tatabanya, Bekescsaba, Veszprem, Zalaegerszeg, Eger, Salgotarjan, Vac, Szekszard, Miskolc, Debrecen, Szeged, Pecs, Nyiregyhaza, Budapest, Szekesfehervar, Gyor, Kecskemet, Szombathely, Szolnok, Kaposvar, Eger, Dunaujvaros, Nagykanizsa, Hodmezovasarhely, Sopron,

7 Neighbour countries of Hungary

Austria [L] , Croatia [L] , Romania [L] , Serbia [L] , Slovakia [L] , Slovenia [L] , Ukraine [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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