Romania History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Romania has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Romania and important events related to Romania history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Romania Country Profile

CurrencyRomanian leu

Romania History

The history of the region was ruled by the Dacians, the Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Bulgaria, the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. As a nation-state, the country was formed by the merger of Moldavia and Valakia in 1859 and its independence was recognized in 1878. Later, in 1918, Transylvania, Bukovina and Besarbia also joined it. At the end of the Second World War, parts of its territories (upper-present-day Moldova) were occupied by the Soviet Union and Romania became a member of the Treaty of Versailles.

Romania Geography

Romania is the largest country in southeastern Europe and the twelfth largest in Europe, with a land area of ​​238,391 square kilometers. A large part of the Romania border with Serbia and Bulgaria is made up of the Danube. The Danube is connected to the Prut River, which forms the border with the Republic of Moldova. The Danube flows into the Black Sea and forms the Danube Delta in the territory of Romania, the second largest and most well-preserved delta in Europe, as well as the protected area of ​​the biosphere and the world's biodiversity point of view. Heritage Site. Other important rivers are the Siret, which flows north-south through Moldavia, the Alt, which flows from the Oriental Carpathian Mountains to Oltenia, and the Moors, which flow east to west through Transylvania.

Romania Economy

Romania is the ninth-largest region among the member states of the European Union and has the seventh largest population (with 21.5 million people). Its capital and largest city is Bucrest. It is the sixth largest city in the European Union with 1.9 million people. In 2007, Sibiu, a city in Transylvania, was chosen as the cultural capital of Europe. Romania also joined NATO on 29 March 2004 and is a member of the Latin Union, as well as a member of the Francophonie of the OSCE and an associate member of the CPLP. Romania is a semi-presidential federal state. It joined the European Union on 1 January 2007. Although Romania's income level remains one of the lowest levels in the European Union, the reform has increased the pace of development. Romania is now a country with a high middle-income economy.

Romania Language

The official language is Romanian, a Romance language (the most widely spoken of the Eastern Romance branch), which is a common colloquium of similarities between Aromanian, Megalino-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian, but with many features in common with the rest. Shares are Western Romance languages, especially Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Catalan etc.

Romania Important Facts

  • Romania is a sovereign country located on Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe.
  • Romania is bordered by Hungary and Serbia in the west, Ukraine and Moldova in the north-east, and Bulgaria in the south.
  • Romania is located halfway between the North Pole and the equator.
  • The total area of ​​Romania is 238,397 sq km. (92,046 sq mi).
  • The official language of Romania is Romanian.
  • The currency of Romania is Romanian Leu.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Romania in 2016 was 1.97 crore.
  • The highest mountain in Romania is Moldovanu, which is 2,544 meters (8,346 feet) high.
  • Romania is the ninth largest wine producing country in the world.
  • Timisoara became the first city in Europe in the year 1889 with electric street lighting.
  • Scarisoara Glacier, Europe's second largest underground glacier, is found under the Bihor Mountains in Romania.
  • The fountain pen was invented by Petrache Poenaru in 1799–1875 and patented in May 1827.
  • The sculpture of the Dacian king Decebal, carved in the rocky banks of the Danube River, is a sculpture of the tallest rock (135 feet) in Europe.
  • Romania is Europe's richest country in gold resources.
  • Romania's Astra Museum in Sibiu is the second largest outdoor museum in the world.

Romania Important History Events

  • 11 august 106 - The region of Dacia, comprising regions of modern Romania,became a province of the Roman Empire.
  • 18 August 293 - The oldest temple of Venus, the goddess of beauty, was discovered in Romania.
  • 09 november 1330 - The Battle of Posada between Basarab I of Wallachia andCharles I Robert of Hungary began near the present-day border ofOltenia and Severin, Romania.
  • 15 december 1467 - Troops under Stephen III of Moldavis defeated the forces of Matthias Corvinus of Hungary in present-day Baia, Romania.
  • 10 january 1475 - Moldavian–Ottoman Wars-Moldavian forces under Stephen the Great defeated an Ottoman attack led by Hadân Suleiman Pasha, the Beylerbeyi of Rumelia, near Vaslui in present-day Romania.
  • 25 May 1827 - Romanian inventor Petrache Poenu has received a French patent for the invention of a Fortune pen with a replacement ink cartridge.
  • 20 june 1862 - Barbu Catargiu, the first Prime Minister of Romania, wasassassinated after denying people the right of assembly to commemoratethe Revolutions of 1848.
  • 20 June 1862 - The Prime Minister of Romania Barbu Katargiu was assassinated.
  • 01 July 1866 - The first constitution of Romania was introduced.
  • 09 may 1877 - Romanian Foreign Affairs Minister Mihail Kogalniceanu made aspeech in the Parliament that declared Romania was discarding Ottomansuzerainty.

Populated Cities of Romania

Targu Jiu, Tulcea, Targoviste, Resita, Bistrita, Slatina, Calarasi, Vaslui, Giurgiu, Deva, Alba Lulia, Zalau, Sfintu-Gheorghe, Slobozia, Alexandria, Miercurea Cuic, Iasi, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Galati, Brasov, Craiova, Constanta, Ploiesti, Oradea, Braila, Bacau, Bucharest, Pitesti, Arad, Sibiu, Tirgu Mures, Baia Mare, Buzau, Botosani, Satu Mare, Rimnicu Vilcea, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Suceava, Focsani, Piatra-Neamt, Hunedoara,

6 Neighbour countries of Romania

Bulgaria [LM] , Hungary [L] , Moldova [L] , Russia [M] , Serbia [L] , Ukraine [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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