Marshall Islands History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, Oceania Islands

Marshall Islands has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Marshall Islands and important events related to Marshall Islands history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Marshall Islands Country Profile

CountryMarshall Islands
CurrencyUnited States Dollar

Marshall Islands History

Spain claimed the islands in 1592, and the European powers recognized their sovereignty over the islands in 1874. They were formally part of the Spanish East Indies from 1528. Later, Spain sold some of the islands to the German Empire in 1885. That year the Germans became part of New Guinea, run by trading companies trading in the islands, especially the Jalit Company.

In the First World War, the Empire of Japan annexed the Marshall Islands, which in 1920 the League of Nations merged with other East German territories to form the South East Mandate. During World War II, the United States took control of the islands in the 1944 Gilbert and Marshall Islands expedition. Nuclear testing of the bikini atoll began in 1946 and ended in 1958. The US government set up the Micronesia Congress in 1965 to plan for the self-government of the Pacific islands. In May 1979, the Pacific Islands Trust Territory granted independence to the Marshall Islands, whose constitution and president were formally recognized by the US.

Marshall Islands Geography

The Marshall Islands consist of 30 atolls (atolls, sometimes referred to as coral atolls, a ring-shaped coral reef) and two archipelagic island chains of 1,152 islands, which form two parallel groups— "Ratak" ) "(Sunrise) series and" Ralik) "(sunset) series. The Marshalls are located in the North Pacific Ocean and are connected by maritime borders with Micronesia and Kiribati. Two-thirds of the country's population lives in the capital of Majuro and the township of Abe.

Marshall Islands Economy

The islands have few natural resources, and their imports far exceed exports. According to the CIA, the value of exports in 2013 was approximately $ 53.7 million while estimated imports were $ 133.7 million. Agricultural products include coconut, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits, pigs and chickens. The industry is made up of copra and craft items, tuna processing and tourism production. GDP was estimated at $ 180 million in 2016, with a real growth rate of 1.7%. GDP per capita was $ 3,300.

Marshall Islands Language

Lone Ran Keen, a Marshall language paper, was published from 1953 to 1954. The current national newspaper is a bilingual (Marshall & English) weekly, The Marshall Islands Journal. It has been published since 1980.

Marshall Islands Important Facts

  • The Marshall Islands, officially called the Republic of Marshall Islands, is a nation located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean.
  • The Marshall Islands gained independence from the United States in 1979.
  • The total area of ​​the Marshall Islands is 181.43 sq km. (70.05 sq mi) consisting of 29 major islands and 1,156 individual small islands.
  • The national languages ​​of the Marshall Islands are Marshallese and English.
  • The currency of the Marshall Islands is the United States dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of the Marshall Islands in 2016 was 53,066.
  • The religion of most people in the Marshall Islands is Christian.
  • The highest point of Marshall Islands is Likiep Atoll, which is 10 meters high.
  • The Marshall Islands is the largest shark sanctuary in the world which was announced by the government in October 2011 and reserved as a SAARC sanctuary.
  • Marshall Islands has a tropical climate with a dry season from December to April and a humid season from May to November.

Marshall Islands Important History Events

  • 05 july 1946 - Named after Bikini Atoll, the site of the nuclear weapons testOperation Crossroads in the Marshall Islands, the modern bikini wasintroduced at a fashion show in Paris.
  • 01 March 1954 - The United States exploded the largest explosion by any human in the Bikini Islands of the Marshall Islands in the Pacific. It is believed that the hydrogen bomb was a thousand times more powerful than the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima.

Populated Cities of Marshall Islands


4 Neighbour countries of Marshall Islands

Kiribati [M] , Micronesia [M] , Nauru [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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