Fiji has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Fiji and important events related to Fiji history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Fiji Country Profile
The first inhabitants of Fiji arrived long before European inventors who arrived in Fiji in the seventeenth century. The excavation of pottery suggests that around 1000 BCE there used to be residents in Fiji, although no firm information is still available about their migration to Fiji. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman visited Fiji in 1643 when he went out in search of the southern continent.
The British brought Indian laborers here to work in the sugarcane fields on contract. In 1970, Britain gave independence to this country. In 1987, the country's democratic rule was interrupted by two military revolts because in the first coup it was believed that the then government was dominated by the Indian Fijis and in the second, the British monarchy and Governor General was appointed a non-executive chairman.
After this the name of the country was changed to 'Republic of Fiji'. In 1997 it was changed to the Republic of Fiji Islands.
Fiji has 322 islands (106 of which are inhabited) in addition to 522 asteroids. The two most important islands of the island are Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. These islands are mountainous, with peaks of up to 1300 meters (4250 ft), which are covered by tropical forests. The capital Suva is located in Viti Levu and is home to about three quarters of the country's population. Other important cities include Nandi (the international airport is located here) and Lautoka (a large sugar mill and seaport are located here). The main cities of Vanua Levu are Labasa and Savusavu.
Other islands or group of islands include Taveuni and Kandavu which are the third and fourth largest islands respectively.Mamanuka group (slightly out of Nandi) and Yasawa group are popular tourist destinations, Lomaiviti group, out of Suva and remote Lau group. . Rotuma is located some 500 kilometers (310 mi) north of the archipelago and has a special administrative status in Fiji. Fiji's nearest neighbor is Tonga.
Fiji's nearest neighbor is Tonga. Fiji has a tropical climate and the weather remains warm throughout the year.
It is one of the comparatively more developed economies of the Pacific island region. Fiji grew rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s but the economy stagnated in the early 1980s, with the 1987 coup further adding to it. In the years following the coup, the growth of the textile industry due to economic liberalization has taken place at a very fast pace, despite the uncertainty of the leases associated with the sugar industry, the country's economy has maintained its growth rate.
Fiji is in second place. Urbanization and the expansion of the services sector have contributed to the recent GDP growth. The rapidly growing sugar exports and tourism industry are major sources of foreign exchange. Fiji relies on tourism for revenue.
Long-term problems include low investment and uncertain property rights. Political turmoil in Fiji has severely affected the economy, which has fallen from 2.8% in the year 2000 to only 1% in 2001. The tourism sector has grown rapidly even though inflation is low, but the Reserve Bank of Fiji raised the policy indicator rate from 1% to 3.25% in February 2006 due to debt-funded, excessive consumption fears. Lower interest rates have not yet raised much investment for exports.
Hindi spoken in Fiji is the form of Awadhi language. The Awadh region has a lot of influence in Fiji, there is a lot of influence in the Ramayana dialect as well. The term used in Awadh is still prevalent today. Rashtrakavi Pandit Kamla Prasad Mishra, Hindi Savvy and Minister Late. Shri Vivekananda Sharma, Prof. Santander Nandan etc. all have their roots in the Indian Oudh region.The original inhabitants of Fiji are a mixture of Polynesians and Melasians, who came here from their native place in the South Pacific centuries ago. Between 1879 and 1916, the British brought 61000 laborers from India to work here in sugarcane fields, today they are the backbone of Indian Fiji's economy.
The population of Indian Physicians has increased rapidly. The natives of Fiji live all over the country. Among Indian fees, 77 per cent are Hindus, 16 per cent Muslim, 6 per cent Christian and some Sikhs. The national census is conducted every ten years.
Fiji Important Facts
- Fiji is officially called the Republic of Fiji Islands, it is an island island in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean.
- Fiji gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 10 October 1970.
- The total area of Fiji is 18,274 sq km. (7,056 square miles).
- The national languages of Fiji are English, Itaukee (Fijian) and Hindi (Fiji Hindi).
- Fiji's currency is the Fijian Dollar.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Fiji in 2016 was 8.99 lakhs.
- The highest mountain in Fiji is Mount Tomanivi, which has a height of 1,324 meters.
- The national bird of Fiji is the collared lory.
- The national dish of Fiji is Kokoda.
- The national flower of Fiji is tagimaucia.
Fiji Important History Events
- 10 October 1970 - Fiji gained independence from Britain and this day was declared the national day of this country.
- 15 october 1987 - Fiji becomes a republic marking the end of the islands' 113 year British Crown rule.
- 06 October 1987 - Fiji was declared a republic.
- 15 October 1996 - Fiji became the first country to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
- 10 July 1997 - The Indian community gained political authority with the approval of the new constitution in Fiji.
- 19 May 1999 - Mahendra Chaudhary of Indian origin appointed Prime Minister of Fiji.
- 15 March 2001 - Karase was re-appointed Prime Minister of Fiji.
- 10 april 2009 - Fijian President Ratu Josefa Iloilo announced that he had suspended the constitution and assumed all governance in the country after it was ruled that the government of Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama was illegal.
- 11 september 2009 - A rare bird was sighted after being considered “missing” for 130 years off of the island of Gau in the Pacific Ocean. The Fiji Petral is listed as a critically endangered species.
Populated Cities of Fiji
Lautoka, Nandi, Labasa, Suva,
5 Neighbour countries of Fiji
France [M] , Solomon Islands [M] , Tonga [M] , Tuvalu [M] , Vanuatu [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)