Vanuatu History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, Oceania Islands

Vanuatu has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Vanuatu and important events related to Vanuatu history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Vanuatu Country Profile

CountryVanuatu
CapitalPort Vila
CurrencyVanuatu vatu
ContinentOceania

Vanuatu History

The first Melanesian people settled in Vanuatu. Because the people of Europe explored these islands in the year 1605 after the Spanish expedition led by Curios to Espiritu Santo. But during the 1880s France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country, and finally in the year 1906 they agreed to a framework of joint management of the archipelago as the New Hebrides through a British-French consortium. Vanuatu was born in the 1970s by an independence movement and in 1980 the Republic of Vanuatu was created.

Vanuatu Geography

Vanuatu has an archipelago of about 82 relatively small, geographically new islands of volcanic origin (65 of which are inhabited), with a distance between north and south between the outermost islands, about 800 miles (1,300 km). .) is. The French State Department of New Caledonia also claims on two of these islands (Matthew and Hunter). The fourteen islands of the Vanuatu Islands have a surface area of ​​more than 100 sq km (39 sq mi). Most of the islands here are of steep slopes, whose soil is unstable and they lack permanent freshwater. Many active volcanoes are present in Vanuatu, including Lopevi, as well as many burning volcanoes.

Fresh sweet water is rapidly depleting, and many highland watersheds are deforested and destroyed. Proper waste disposal and water and air pollution around urban areas and large villages are also becoming increasingly difficult issues. In addition, the reduction of employment opportunities and inaccessibility to markets in the industrial and urban sector, coupled with the closure of rural households in the realm of living or self-sufficiency, are putting tremendous pressure on the local ecosystem.

Vanuatu Economy

The four mainstays of the economy are agriculture, tourism, offshore financial services and animal husbandry. There is a lot of fishing activity here, although this industry is not able to bring much foreign exchange in the country. Major exports include copra, cava, beef, cocoa and timber, and imports include machines and equipment, foods and fuels.In contrast mining activities are quite low. Although manganese mining stopped in 1978, an agreement was reached in 2006 to export manganese that had been mined but not exported. There are no known petroleum reserves in the country. A small light-industry sector caters to the needs of the local market. The tax revenue mainly comes from import duty and 12.5 percent VAT (VAT) on goods and services.Economic growth is hindered by the dependence on relatively few commodity exports, the risk of natural disasters and the long distance between the constituent islands and the main markets.

Vanuatu Language

The national language of the Republic of Vanuatu is Bislama. The official languages ​​are Bislama, English and French. The principal languages ​​of education are English and French. Bislama is a mixed language and now in urban areas as criol (a language consisting of several languages), which is basically a combination of specific Melanesian grammar with an English-rich vocabulary. It is the only language that can be spoken and understood as a second language by most of the population of Vanuatu. Additionally, 113 indigenous languages ​​are still actively spoken in Vanuatu.

Vanuatu Important Facts

  • Tonga has a tropical climate due to which the average temperature here is around 32 ° C.
  • The national flower of Tonga is Heilala Vanilla.
  • The total area of ​​Vanuatu is 12,189 sq km. (4,706 sq mi).
  • The official languages ​​of Vanuatu are Bislama, French and English.
  • The currency of Vanuatu is named Vanuatu Vatu.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Vanuatu in 2016 was 2.7 lakhs.
  • The religion of most people in Vanuatu is Christian.
  • The highest mountain in Vanuatu is Mount Tabwemasana, which has a height of 1,879 meters.
  • Located on the island of Tana, Vanuatu, Mount Yasur is one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
  • The largest river of Vanuatu is the Sarakata River.
  • The largest lake in Vanuatu is Lake Letas, which is 19 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • Espiritu Santo in Vanuatu is home to the world's most spectacular blue holes that attract people to swim here.
  • The climate of Vanuatu is tropical climate due to which it gets nine months of summer and rain.
  • The national dish of Vanuatu is Laplap.

Vanuatu Important History Events

  • 03 June 1987 - Vanuatu Labor Party was established.
  • 25 december 2010 - Vanuatu experiences a 7.3 magnitude earthquake; a tsunami warning is issued for the region and later canceled after a minor tsunami occurred.

Populated Cities of Vanuatu

Port Vila, Luganville, Isangel, Lakatoro, Saratamata, Sola,

3 Neighbour countries of Vanuatu

Fiji [M] , France [M] , Solomon Islands [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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