Tonga History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, Oceania Islands

Tonga has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Tonga and important events related to Tonga history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Tonga Country Profile

CountryTonga
CapitalNuku'alofa
CurrencyTongan paʻanga
ContinentOceania
FounderKing George Tupou I

Tonga History

From 1900 to 1970, Tonga had the status of a British Protectorate, under the treaty of the United Kingdom overseeing its foreign affairs. The country never gave its sovereignty to any foreign power. In 2010, Tonga took a decisive step from its traditional autocratic monarchy and paved the way for its first partial representative elections following legislative reforms, towards becoming a fully functioning constitutional monarchy.

Tonga Geography

Located in Oceania, Tonga is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, directly south of Samoa and about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand. Its 169 islands, 36 of which are inhabited, and are all divided into three main groups Wawa, Hapa, and Tongtapu - and cover 800 kilometers (500 mi) of the north-south line.

Tonga Economy

Tonga's economy is characterized by a large non-monetary sector and heavily reliant on remittances from half the country's population who live overseas (mainly in Australia, New Zealand and the United States). The royal family and oligarchs dominate and largely own the monetary sector of the economy - particularly telecommunications and satellite services. In 2008 Tonga was declared the sixth most corrupt country in the world by Forbes magazine.

Tonga Language

Tongan language is the official language along with English. Tongan, a Polynesian language, is closely related to Valyrian (Uvian), Neon, Hawaii, and Samoan.

Tonga Important Facts

  • Tonga is officially called the Tonga Monarchy, a sovereign island state located in the South Pacific Ocean.
  • Tonga gained independence from British security on 4 June 1970.
  • The total area of ​​Tonga is 748 square kilometers. (289 square miles).
  • Tonga is made up of 169 islands of which only 36 are eligible for human habitation, its largest island being Tongatapu.
  • The official languages ​​of Tonga are Tongan and English.
  • The name of the currency of Tonga is Panga.
  • According to the World Bank, Tonga had a total population of 1.07 lakh in 2016.
  • The religion of most people in Tonga is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Tonga are Tongan, Eurasian, European and East Asian.
  • The highest mountain in Tonga is Hunga Tonga, which is a volcanic mountain with a height of 149 meters.
  • Tonga has a natural hole called the Mapu a Vaea or Whistle of the Noble that always bounces water.
  • Anahulu Cave is the largest cave in Tonga's Haveluliku, which has freshwater pools and is the most popular bathing area.
  • Tonga has a tropical climate due to which the average temperature here is around 32 ° C.
  • The national flower of Tonga is Heilala Vanilla.

Tonga Important History Events

  • 04 June 1970 - Tonga separated from Britain and became an independent country.
  • 04 June 1970 - Tonga gained independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 14 September 1999 - Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga joined the United States.

Populated Cities of Tonga

Neiafu, Nukualofa,

5 Neighbour countries of Tonga

Fiji [M] , France [M] , New Zealand [M] , Samoa [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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