New Zealand History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, Oceania Islands

New Zealand has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the New Zealand and important events related to New Zealand history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

New Zealand Country Profile

CountryNew Zealand
CapitalWellington
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar
ContinentOceania

New Zealand History

New Zealand is one of the last major land mafias settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestio and mitochondrial DNA (DNA) variability within Māori populations suggest that eastern Polynesia first inhabited the archipelago in New Zealand between 1250 and 1300, the first European to reach New Zealand in 1642 by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman (Abel Tasman ) And his companions. At that time James Cook, who was a great explorer, had mapped the whole coast of the world.

After which many European and North American whaling, sealing, and merchant ships visited New Zealand. They traded here in New Zealand for important items such as metal tools, weapons, European food, Māori food, and wood. At that time there were about 600 wars between 1801 and 1840, and about 30,000 to 40,000 Māori were killed in this war. Subsequently, Christians began to settle in New Zealand in the early 19th century. And simultaneously transformed much of the Maori population.

New Zealand Geography

After which many European and North American whaling, sealing, and merchant ships visited New Zealand. They traded here in New Zealand for important items such as metal tools, weapons, European food, Māori food, and wood. At that time there were about 600 wars between 1801 and 1840, and about 30,000 to 40,000 Māori were killed in this war. Subsequently, Christians began to settle in New Zealand in the early 19th century. And simultaneously transformed much of the Maori population.

New Zealand Economy

New Zealand has an advanced market economy, ranking 16th in the Human Development Index of 2018 and third in the Economic Freedom Index of 2018. It is a high-income economy with a per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of US $ 36,254. The currency is the New Zealand Dollar, informally known as the "Kiwi Dollar"; It also roams the Cook Islands (see Cook Islands Dollars), Niue, Tokelau and Pitcairn Islands.

New Zealand Language

English is the most predominant language in New Zealand, spoken by 95.4% of the population. New Zealand English is similar to Australian English and many speakers in the Northern Hemisphere are unable to state its pronunciation. The most prominent difference between the New Zealand English dialect and other English dialects is the change in short front vowels.

New Zealand Important Facts

  • New Zealand is an island country located in the Southwest Pacific Ocean called Aotearoa in the Maori language.
  • New Zealand gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 7 May 1856 and became a dominion on 26 September 1907 and adopted the Constitution of Westminster on 25 November 1947.
  • The total area of ​​New Zealand is 268,021 sq km. (103,483 square miles).
  • The national languages ​​of New Zealand are English, Māori and NZ sign.
  • The New Zealand currency is the New Zealand Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of New Zealand in 2016 was 46.9 million.
  • The highest mountain in New Zealand is Aoraki / Mount Cook, which has a height of 3,724 meters.
  • New Zealand has the longest Waikato River, with a length of 425 km.
  • The largest lake in New Zealand is Lake Taupo, which is 616 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • New Zealand became the first country in the world in 1893 to give women the right to vote.
  • Georgina Beyer of New Zealand was the first transsexual woman in the world to become a Member of Parliament of New Zealand.
  • The national bird and animal of New Zealand is the Kiwi which is a flightless bird.
  • The national flower of New Zealand is Kowhai.
  • The climate of New Zealand is mainly a temperate marine climate, due to which the average annual temperature there ranges from 10 ° C to 16 ° C.

New Zealand Important History Events

  • 08 October 1769 - Captain Cook stepped into New Zealand.
  • 08 October 1769 - Captain James Cook New Zealand Poverty Bay) reached.
  • 26 March 1770 - English explorer Captain James Cook and HMS Endeavor his crew completed the circumnavigation of New Zealand.
  • 03 January 1777 - George Washington's army defeated the British Army in New Zealand.
  • 25 December 1814 - Samuel Marsday of the Church Missionary Society preached New Zealand's first sermon in Ohai.
  • 28 october 1835 - Maori chiefs signed the Declaration of the Independence of NewZealand and established the United Tribes of New Zealand.
  • 29 october 1835 - Maori chiefs signed the Declaration of the Independence of NewZealand and established the United Tribes of New Zealand.
  • 21 May 1840 - New Zealand was declared a British colony.
  • 17 june 1843 - New Zealand Wars-An armed posse of Europeans set out from Nelson to arrest Ngati Toa chief Te Rauparaha and clashed with Maori,resulting in 26 deaths.
  • 16 april 1847 - New Zealand Wars-A minor Maori chief was accidentally shot bya junior British Army officer in the Petre settlement of New Zealand's North Island, triggering the Wanganui Campaign.

Populated Cities of New Zealand

Gore, Palmerston North, Thames, Nelson, Kerikeri, Napier, Rotorua, New Plymouth, Porirua, Whangarei, Kaitaia, Wanaka, Invercargill, Wanganui, Wellington, Upper Hutt, Westport, Manukau, Christchurch, Gisborne, Turangi, Oban, Hokitika, Waitangi, Picton, Timaru, Pukekohe, Paraparaumu, Taupo, Kaikoura, Waitakere, North Shore, Masterton, Levin, Whakatane, Te Anau, Ashburton, Queenstown, Cambridge, Hamilton, Auckland, Tokoroa, Tauranga, Dunedin, Hawera, Lower Hutt, Kaiapoi, Greymouth,

1 Neighbour countries of New Zealand

Australia [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of New Zealand

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1986Amy Satterthwaite / Female / Player / New Zealand
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