Tuvalu History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, Oceania Islands

Tuvalu has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Tuvalu and important events related to Tuvalu history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Tuvalu Country Profile

Currencytuvaluan dollar and Australian dollar

Tuvalu History

In 1568, Spanish sailors were the first Europeans to sail through the Álvaro de Mendaña archipelago, which saw the island of Nui during their expedition in search of Terra Australians. Funafuti Island was renamed Ellis Island in 1819. The name Ellis was applied to all nine islands, following the work of English hydrographist Alexander George Findlay. Great Britain claimed control of Ellis Island as its sphere of influence at the end of the 19th century, as a result of a treaty between Great Britain and Germany concerning the demarcation of spheres of influence in the Pacific Ocean.

Between 9 and 16 October 1892, Captain Gibson of the HMS Curaco ship declared each of the Ellis Islands as a British defense zone. Britain appointed a Resident Commissioner from 1892 to 1916 to administer Ellis Island as part of the British Western Pacific Region (BWPT). From 1916 to 1976, they were managed as part of the Gilbert and Ellis Island Colony.

Tuvalu Geography

Tuvalu is a volcanic archipelago, and consists of three reef islands (Nanumanga, Niutao and Niulakita) and six true atolls (Funafuti, Nanumea, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae and Vaitupu). Its small scattered clusters have low earthen flakes and have a terrain of about 26 square kilometers (10 sq mi), making it the fourth smallest country in the world. The highest elevation is 4.6 meters (15 ft) above sea level at Niulakita. In four decades, there was a net increase in the flat areas of 73.5 hectares (2.9%), although the changes are not uniform, an increase of 74% and a decrease in size of 27% was continued. The sea level on the Funafuti tide gauge has risen by 3.9 mm per year, almost double the global average.

Tuvalu Economy

From 1996 to 2002, Tuvalu was one of the best-performing Pacific Island economies and achieved an average real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate of 5.6% per year. Economic growth slowed down after 2002 with a 1.5% increase in GDP after 2008. Tuvalu suffered a steep rise in world fuel and food prices in 2008, reaching inflation levels of 13.4%.

Tuvalu Language

Tuvalu language and English are the national languages of Tuvalu. Tuvaluan belongs to the Elysian group of Polynesian languages, which is related to all other Polynesian languages, such as Hawaii, Māori, Tahiti, Rapa Nui, Samoan and Tongan etc. It is most closely related to the languages spoken on Polynesian outliers in Micronesia and northern and central Melanesia. The Tuvaluan language has borrowed from the Samoan language, mainly Samoan as a result of Christian missionaries in the late 19th century and early 20th century.

Tuvalu Important Facts

  • Tonga is officially called the Tonga Monarchy, a sovereign island state located in the South Pacific Ocean.
  • Tonga gained independence from British security on 4 June 1970.
  • The total area of ​​Tonga is 748 square kilometers. (289 square miles).
  • Tonga is made up of 169 islands of which only 36 are eligible for human habitation, its largest island being Tongatapu.
  • The official languages ​​of Tonga are Tongan and English.
  • The name of the currency of Tonga is Panga.
  • According to the World Bank, Tonga had a total population of 1.07 lakh in 2016.
  • The religion of most people in Tonga is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Tonga are Tongan, Eurasian, European and East Asian.
  • The highest mountain in Tonga is Hunga Tonga, which is a volcanic mountain with a height of 149 meters.
  • Tonga has a natural hole called the Mapu a Vaea or Whistle of the Noble that always bounces water.
  • Anahulu Cave is the largest cave in Tonga's Haveluliku, which has freshwater pools and is the most popular bathing area.

Populated Cities of Tuvalu


3 Neighbour countries of Tuvalu

Fiji [M] , France [M] , Kiribati [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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