Solomon Islands History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, Oceania Islands

Solomon Islands has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Solomon Islands and important events related to Solomon Islands history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Solomon Islands Country Profile

CountrySolomon Islands
CapitalHoniara
CurrencySolomon Islands dollar
ContinentOceania

Solomon Islands History

In 1568, the Spanish sailors delvaro de Mendaña were the first Europeans to name the Islas Salomone. Mendena returned decades later in 1595 and visited Solomon in 1606, another Spanish expedition led by Fernandez de Queros. Britain defined its area of interest in the Solomon Islands archipelago in June 1893, when Gibson RN of HMS Currocoa declared the Southern Solomon Islands. The official name of the then British administration was changed from the British Solomon Islands Protectorate to the Solomon Islands in 1975, and self-rule was achieved the following year. Independence was achieved in 1978, and the name was changed to just "Solomon Islands". At the time of independence, the Solomon Islands became a constitutional monarchy. The Queen of Solomon Islands is Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor-General.

Solomon Islands Geography

The Solomon Islands are a nation in the South Pacific Ocean, located east of Papua New Guinea. Bougainville is geographically part of the Solomon Islands, but politically an autonomous region of Papua Guinea. The climate is tropical, although temperatures rarely rise due to the cold winds blowing from the surrounding seas.

Solomon Islands Economy

Until the year 1998, when world prices for tropical timber were greatly reduced, timber was the main export product of the Solomon Islands. In recent years, the Solomon Islands forest has also been dangerously exploited. Copra and palm oil are important resources in cash crops and exports. It offers the best prospects for fish exports and domestic economic expansion. In 2017, Solomon Islands was one of the least visited countries in the world, with only 26,000 tourists. Tourism is a potentially important service industry, but development is hampered by a lack of infrastructure, transportation limitations, and security concerns.

Solomon Islands Language

The official language is English, with only 1-2% of the population speaking English. The number listed for the vernacular languages is Solomon Islands 74, of which 70 are living languages and 4 are extinct, according to Ethnologue's languages of the world. Melanesian languages (mainly Southeast Solomonic groups) are spoken.

Solomon Islands Important Facts

  • Solomon Islands is a sovereign country located in Oceania consisting of six major islands and over 900 small islands.
  • Solomon Islands gained independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962.
  • The total area of ​​Solomon Islands is 28,400 sq km. (11,000 square miles).
  • The official language of Solomon Islands is English.
  • The name of the currency of Solomon Islands is the Solomon Islands Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, in 2016 the total population of Solomon Islands was 5.99 lakhs.
  • The religion of the majority of people in Solomon Islands is Christian and more than 73% of the population is atheist.
  • The most important ethnic groups in the Solomon Islands are Melanesian, Polynesian, and Micronesian.
  • The highest mountain on the Solomon Islands is Mount Popomanaseu, a volcanic mountain with a height of 2,335 meters.
  • The largest lake on the Solomon Islands is Lake Tegano, which is 660.1 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • Solomon is the longest Lunga River on the island.
  • The ethnic conflict in Solomon Islands ran from 1998 to 2003 between the major local castes of the region, the Guals, the Malaitans, the Kabutaulaca and the Dinnen.
  • The climate of Solomon Islands is equatorial humid climate due to which the average temperature is up to 26.5 ° C.
  • The national animal of the Solomon Islands is the Turtle.
  • The national flower of Solomon Islands is Hibiscus Flowers.

Solomon Islands Important History Events

  • 03 may 1942 - Second World War-Japanese forces began invading Tulagi and nearby islands in the Solomon Islands, enabling them to threaten and interdict the supply and communication routes between the United States and Australia and New Zealand.
  • 07 august 1942 - World War II-U.S. Marines initiated the first Americanoffensive of the Guadalcanal campaign with landings on Guadalcanal andTulagi in the Solomon Islands.
  • 24 august 1942 - World War II-Bombers from the United States aircraft carrierSaratoga sank the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo near Santa Isabel,Solomon Islands, helping to lead to an Allied victory.
  • 07 July 1978 - The Solomon Islands gained independence from Britain. The islands were discovered in 1567 by Europeans.
  • 07 July 1978 - Great Britain granted independence to the Solomon Islands.
  • 02 April 2007 - A powerful tsunami occurred in Solomon Islands.

Populated Cities of Solomon Islands

Honiara, Gizo, Lata, Auki, Buala, Kirakira, Tulagi, Taro, Tigoa,

5 Neighbour countries of Solomon Islands

Australia [M] , Fiji [LM] , France [M] , Papua New Guinea [M] , Vanuatu [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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