France has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the France and important events related to France history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
France Country Profile
|Currency||Euro and CFA Frank|
In the 19th century, Napoleon seized power there and established the first French Empire, followed by the Napoleonic Wars that shaped the continent of present-day Europe. After the fall of the empire, the Third French Republic was established in France in 1870, although all subsequent governments remained in a lean state. France was a major participant in the First World War, where it emerged victorious, and one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation of the Axis powers in 1940. After its liberation in 1944, the Fourth French Republic was established which was later disbanded during the Algeria War. The fifth French Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was created in 1958 and continues to function today. Algeria and almost all other colonies became independent in the 1960s, but its close economic and military relations with France continue to this day.
Metropolitan France is located in Western Europe. It borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. There are two mountain ranges bordering France, the Alps in the east and Preniss in the south. Of the many rivers flowing through France, two rivers, the Sen and the Lavar, are prominent. There are lower hills and river valleys in the north and west of France. The climate here is maritime, the effect of which decreases when going away from the ocean. From the European point of view the climate is characterized by low temperature, adequate rainfall, cold summers and cold winters in the western coastal part. The continental climate is found in the eastern and central part.
France has a mixed economy. Where there is extensive private enterprise as well as several government enterprises with government intervention. The administration maintains control over several infrastructure sectors with majority ownership of railways, electricity, aircraft, nuclear power and telecommunications. Here financial services, banking and insurance sectors are an important part of the economy. The Paris Stock Exchange (French: La Bourse de Paris) is an old institution, built in 1724 by Louis XV. In 2000, the stock exchanges of Paris, Amsterdam and Brussels merged to be named Euronext. BNP Paribas and Credit Agriole are major French banks.
According to Article 2 of the Constitution, the official language of France is French, a Romance language derived from Latin. Since 1635, Académie française has been France's official authority on the French language, although its recommendations bear no legal weight. There are also regional languages spoken in France, such as Silver, Breton, Catalan, Flemish (Dutch dialect), Alsatian (German dialect), Basque and Corsican. Italian was the official language of Corsica until 9 May 1859.
France Important Facts
- France is officially called the Republic of France, a country located in Western Europe.
- France borders Belgium, Luxembourg to the north, Germany, Switzerland, Italy to the east, Spain to the southwest, Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mediterranean Sea to the south and the English Channel to the northwest.
- The total area of France is 640,679 sq km (247,368 sq mi).
- The official language of France is French.
- The currency of France is named Euro and CFA Franc.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of France in 2016 was 6.69 crore.
- France is the largest country in the continent of Europe in terms of area.
- According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), in 2009 France was the sixth largest exporter in the world and the fourth largest importer of manufactured goods.
- France was ranked first in 2012 as a tourist destination with 83 million foreign tourists.
- AXA Company of France is the largest insurance company in the world.
- The Eiffel Tower, one of the most famous towers in the world with a height of 320 meters, is located in the city of Paris, France.
- France has won the highest Nobel Prize in the world in the field of literature.
- France merged with Euronext, the New York Stock Exchange, in 2007 to create the world's largest stock exchange, NYSE Euronext.
- France is the 20th most populous country in the world and the third most populous country in Europe.
- Disneyland Paris is Europe's most popular theme park, with 15 million visitors to Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park in 2009.
France Important History Events
- 09 june 922 - Robert –I was chosen as the king by the Republic of France. He ruled France from 922 to 923. He had been the Count of Paris, Count of Poitiers and Marquis of Orleans and Neustria, before his succession to the throne,
- 03 july 987 - Hugh Capet was crowned King of France, becoming the firstmonarch of the Capetian dynasty, which ruled France continuously untiloverthrown during the French Revolution in 1792.
- 18 September 1180 - Philip Augustus became King of France.
- 27 may 1199 - John is crowned King of England. John was King of England until his death in 1216. Following the battle of Bouvines, John lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, which resulted in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire and contributed to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty during the 13th century.
- 22 july 1209 - The first major military action of the Albigensian Crusade tookplace as a crusader army captured Béziers in southern France andslaughtered the inhabitants.
- 14 june 1216 - Prince Louis of France captured the city of Winchester and soon conquered over half of the England. The First Barons' War (1215–17) was a civil war in the Kingdom of England in which a group of rebellious barons, led by Robert Fitzwalterand supported by a French army under the future Louis VIII of France, made war on King John of England.
- 21 May 1216 - Prince Louis of France entered England.
- 20 march 1217 - In the Battle of Lincoln, the last land battle of the First Barons' War, William the Marshal drove Prince Louis of France out of England.
- 20 may 1217 - In the Battle of Lincoln, the last land battle of the First Barons' War, William the Marshal drove Prince Louis of France out ofEngland.
- 14 july 1223 - Louis VIII became King of France to begin a short three-yearreign.
Populated Cities of France
Paris, Nice, Calais, Poitier, Versailles, Lorient, Toulouse, Beziers, Bordeaux, La Rochelle, Roanne, Bourges, Arras, Troyes, Cherbourg, Agen, Brive, Tarbes, Ajaccio, Rouen, St.-Brieuc, Nevers, Strasbourg, Nantes, Vichy, Dieppe, Auxerre, Bastia, Metz, Grenoble, Toulon, Montpellier, Nancy, Saint-Etienne, Melun, Le Havre, Tours, Clermont-Ferrand, Orleans, Mulhouse, Rennes, Reims, Caen, Angers, Dijon, Nimes, Limoges, Aix-en-Provence, Perpignan, Biarritz, Brest, Le Mans, Amiens, Lyon, Marseille, Besancon, Annecy, Lille,
21 Neighbour countries of France
Andorra [L] , Antigua and Barbuda [M] , Australia [LM] , Barbados [M] , Belgium [LM] , Brazil [LM] , Comoros [M] , Dominica [M] , France [M] , Germany [L] , Italy [LM] , Luxembourg [L] , Madagascar [M] , Mauritius [M] , Monaco [LM] , Saint Lucia [M] , Spain [LM] , Suriname [LM] , Switzerland [L] , United Kingdom [M] , Venezuela [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)