Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of West Bengal, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of West Bengal have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.
Quick General Knowledge
|Statehood||26 January 1950|
|Total Area||88,752 sq km|
|Current Chief Minister||Mamata Banerjee|
|Current Governor||C. V. Anand Bose|
|State Bird||White-throated kingfisher|
|State Flower||Night-flowering jasmine|
|State Animal||Fishing cat|
|State Tree||Blackboard tree|
|State Dance||Purulia Chhau, Alkap, Kathi, Gambhira, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Keertan,Santhali Dance, Mundari dance, Gambhira, Gajan and Chaibari Nritya.|
West Bengal (पश्चिम बंगाल)
West Bengal is a state located in the eastern part of the country. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal and the largest city in the state. The northern part of the state is located in Bhutan and Sikkim, Bangladesh in the eastern part and Assam in the north-eastern part, Bay of Bengal in the southern part, Odisha in the south-western part, Nepal in the north-western part and Bihar in the western part. The main language of West Bengal is Bangla.
There is a unicameral Vidhan Bhavan in the Indian state of West Bengal. The state assembly has 295 members, of whom 294 are nominated directly by the public and one member of the Anglo-Indian community. 58 members from the state go to the Indian Parliament - 16 Rajya Sabha and 42 Lok Sabha.
Among the national parties of the state, Communist Party, Marxist, CPI, All India Forward Bloc, Bahujan Samaj Party, Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Samajwadi Party and regional parties Trinamool Congress, SUCI, CPIML, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, PDS, JDS, JDU, Many political parties such as the RSP are involved.
West Bengal currently has a Trinamool Congress government. Mamta Banerjee is the current Chief Minister of West Bengal. She has been working as the first woman Chief Minister of the state since 2011. The first person to become the Chief Minister of West Bengal was Prafulla Chandra Ghosh. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 15 August 1947.
The current governor of West Bengal is Jagdeep Dhankhar. Jagdeep Dhankar has been sworn in as the Governor of West Bengal on 30 July 2019.
The mineral production of the state is also good which includes dolomite, limestone and ceramic.>/p>
As per the available data of West Bengal year 2007, 96 projects with an investment of Rs. 3677.51 crore were started. The state has a wide variety of industries such as steel plants, automobile manufacturing plants and several chemical, machinery, construction and light-engineering industries.
There are a total of 23 districts in West Bengal. The largest district is North Twenty Four Parganas by population, while the largest district by area is South Twenty Four Parganas District.
The following 23 districts of the state are: - Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar, Uttar Dinajpur, South Dinajpur, Malda, Birbhum, Murshidabad, Bardhaman, Nadia, Purulia, Bankura, Hooghly, North 24 Parganas, East Medinipur, Howrah, Kolkata, South Twenty Four Parganas. , West Medinipur, Alipurduar, Kalimpong, Jhargram and Paschim Bardhaman.
- The Gross State Domestic Product (GDP) of West Bengal is estimated at Rs 14.44 trillion in 2020-21. The average annual GSDP growth rate from 2015-16 to 2020-21 is about 12.62%.
- West Bengal is the largest producer of rice in India. Rice production for the state totalled 14.99 million tonnes in 2017-18. and During 2018-19, the state produced a total of 1.85 million tonnes of fish.
- West Bengal is the second largest tea-producing state in India and is home to the globally acclaimed Darjeeling tea variety.
- It is in vicinity to mineral rich states like Jharkhand, Bihar, and Odisha. It offers excellent connectivity to the rest of India in terms of railways, roadways, ports, and airports.
- As of April 2021, West Bengal had a total installed power generation capacity of 11,036.88 MW, of which 6,497.95 MW was under state utilities, 2,883.31 MW (private sector) and 1,655.62 MW (central utilities).
West Bengal FAQs:
The capital of West Bengal is Kolkata.
The current Chief Minister of West Bengal is Mamata Banerjee and the current Governor is C. V. Anand Bose.
Purulia Chhau, Alkap, Kathi, Gambhira, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Keertan,Santhali Dance, Mundari dance, Gambhira, Gajan and Chaibari Nritya. is the main folk dance of West Bengal.
The official language of West Bengal is Bengali, English.
The state animal of West Bengal is Fishing cat and the state bird is White-throated kingfisher.
West Bengal has a state flower Night-flowering jasmine and a state tree Blackboard tree.
The largest city in West Bengal is Kolkata.
West Bengal is spread over an area of 88,752 sq km with the total of districts.
West Bengal state was established on 26 January 1950, after which West Bengal got the status of a separate state of India.