International Minority Rights Day Quick Facts
|International Minority Rights Day ()
|18 December 1992
International Minority Rights Day Brief
International Minority Rights Day is celebrated every year on 18 December all over the world. This day is celebrated every year since 1992 by the United Nations to protect the rights of minority communities, to ensure the protection of their Language, Caste, Religion, Culture, Tradition, etc.
International Minority Rights Day History
International Minority Rights Day began with a declaration by the United Nations on 18 December 1992.
International Minority Rights Day Objective
In India, the Ministry of Minority Affairs focuses on issues relating to minorities and also undertakes overall policy formulation, planning, coordination, evaluation and review of regulatory framework and regulatory development programs for the interests of the minority community.
The goal of the ministry includes development of minorities. For the development and growth of the minorities in India, the Ministry of Minority Affairs is ensuring the following:-
- Right to Education.
- Constitutional right.
- Economic empowerment.
- Empowerment of women.
- Equal opportunity.
- Protection and protection under the law.
- Protection of valuable assets such as waqf assets.
- Participation in the planning process.
More info about International Minority Rights Day
Meaning of Minority:
A UN Special Rapporteur, Francisco Copotorti, gave a global definition, according to which – “the communities living in a nation-state that are small in number and socially, politically and economically weak and whose race, religion, language etc. In spite of being different from the majority, if they make significant contribution in the building, development, unity, culture, tradition and maintenance of the national language, then such communities should be considered as a minority in that nation-state.
National Commission for Minorities:
Religion and language have been considered as the basis of minority in the Constitution of India. Minority communities constitute an estimated 19 percent of the total population of India. This includes Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Parsis. Jains, Bahá'ís and Jews are minorities, but do not enjoy the respective constitutional rights.
The Government of India constituted the Minorities Commission in 1978 to provide protection to minority rights. It was later passed in 1992 as a law under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.
The National Commission for Minorities was placed under the Ministry of Minority Affairs by the UPA Government in January 2006. It has got all the constitutional rights that civil courts have. The formation of this commission is also important for India because there is no such commission in any country in the whole of Europe. Today many other states of India also have State Minorities Commissions.
|Event Name - Event Level
|World AIDS Day - International Day
|International Slave Eradication Day - International Day
|World Disability Day - International Day
|Indian Navy Day - National Day
|World Soil Day - International Day
|International Volunteer Day - International Day
|International Civil Aviation Day - International Day
|International Anti-Corruption Day - International Day
|International Human Rights Day - International Day
|International Mountains Day - International Day
|National Energy Conservation Day - National Day
|National Victory Day - National Day
|International Minority Rights Day - International Day
|International Human Unity Day - International Day
|National Mathematics Day - National Day
|National Farmers Day - National Day
|National Consumer Day - National Day
|Christmas Day - International Day