1848 in History – What happened in year 1848

✅ Published on April 4th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1848 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1848.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1848 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
03 januaryJoseph Jenkins Roberts began his term as the first President of Liberia.
24 januaryJames W. Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma,California, leading to the California Gold Rush.
02 februaryThe Mexican–American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which gave 1.36 million square kilometres(530,000 sq mi) of Mexican territory known as the Mexican Cession tothe United States in exchange for US$15 million.
21 februaryCommunist theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publishedThe Communist Manifesto, which became one of the world's mostinfluential political tracts.
11 marchLouis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the firstPrime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically electedunder a system of responsible government.
23 marchScottish settlers on the John Wickliffe, captained by William Cargill, arrived at what is now Port Chalmers in the Otago Region of New Zealand.
13 mayMaamme, the national anthem of Finland written by German composer Fredrik Pacius and Finnish poet Johan Ludvig Runeberg, was performed for the first time.
02 juneAs part of the Pan-Slavism movement, the Prague Slavic Congressbegan in Prague, the first of several times that voices from all Slavpopulations of Europe were heard in one place.
21 juneIn the Wallachian Revolution, Ion Heliade Radulescu andChristian Tell proclaimed a new republican government.
26 juneThe June Days Uprising was an uprising staged by the workers of France. It was in response to plans to close the National Workshops, created by the Second Republic in order to provide work and a source of income for the unemployed; however, only low pay, dead-end jobs were provided, which barely provided enough money to survive.
11 julyLondon Waterloo station, Britain's busiest railway station bypassenger usage, was opened by the London and South Western Railway.
19 julyThe two-day Women's Rights Convention, the first women's rightsand feminist convention held in the United States, opened in SenecaFalls, New York.
12 septemberSwitzerland became a federal state with the adoption of a new constitution.
13 septemberAn explosion drove a large iron rod completely through the headof Phineas P. Gage, making him an important early case of brain damageaffecting personality and behavior.
13 septemberAn explosion drove an iron rod through the head of railroad foreman Phineas Gage, making him an important early case of personality change after brain injury.
02 decemberFranz Joseph became Emperor of Austria.
19 MayThe world's first department store opened.
23 MayBirth of Lilianthal. He taught humans to fly for the first time. His flight made a revolution.
04 JulyA French poet named François Shatobreyan died. Those who have done commendable service of French literature.
31 JulyFrance also freed the last slaves from their colonies.
16 SeptemberFrance, based in Western Europe, abolished slavery in all its colonies.
15 AugustThe dental chair was patented by M. Waldo Henchett.
29 AprilBirth of well-known painter Raja Ravi Varma.
24 JanuaryCalifornia Gold Rush: James W. Marshall Coloma discovered gold at Sutter's Mill, California.
26 February2 French republics were announced.
13 MarchPrince Clemens von Metertich resigned as the State Chancellor and Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Austria.
18 AprilThe Second Anglo-Sikh War was ended in Punjab.
13 MayThe national anthem of Finland was first performed.
26 JuneThe June Day Rebellion ended in Paris.
05 JulyThe National Revolutionary Parliament of Hungary started functioning.


Famous birthdays in the year 1848:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 SeptemberAuguste Forel / Neuroanatomist / Switzerland
01 January John W. Goff / Politician / Ireland
03 OctoberHenry Lerolle / Painter / France
05 February Ignacio Carrera Pinto / Lieutenant / Chile
05 February Joris-Karl Huysmans / Author / France
06 MayHenry Edward Armstrong / Academic / United Kingdom
10 AugustWilliam Harnett / Painter / United States of America
12 NovemberEduard Müller / Politician / Switzerland
12 AprilJosé Gautier Benítez / Soldier / Puerto Rico
14 February Benjamin Baillaud / Academic / France
14 AugustMargaret Lindsay Huggins / Author / Ireland
15 JulyVilfredo Pareto / Economist / Italy
16 March Axel Heiberg / Diplomat / Norway
19 January John Fitzwilliam Stairs / Politician / Canada
19 JuneMary Roxanna Platt Hatch / Writer / United States of America
22 MayFritz von Uhde / Painter / Germany
24 March Honoré Beaugrand / Politician / Canada
25 MayJohann Baptist Singenberger / Educator / Switzerland
26 SeptemberHenry Walters / Art Collector / United States of America
27 January Tōgō Heihachirō / Admiral / Japan

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1848:

YearName / Profession / Country
10 NovemberSurendra Nath Benerjee / Professor / India
10 NovemberSir Surendranath Banerjee / Politician / India
13 AugustRomesh Chunder Dutt / Historian / India
10 NovemberSurendranath Banerjee / Politician / India
15 JuneGheevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala / Bishop / India
29 AprilRaja Ravi Varma / Painter / India
10 NovemberSurendranath Banerjee / Freedom Fighter / India
16 AprilKandukuri Veeresalingam / Author / India
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