|Terra Mariana, comprising present-day Estonia and Latvia, was established as a principality of the Holy Roman Empire.
|An expedition to the New World led by Spanish conquist adorPedro de Mendoza founded what is now Buenos Aires, Argentina.
|About eight hundred and thirty thousand people died in the devastating earthquake in China's Shanxi province.
|Charles I became emperor of England.
|Jan van Riebeeck, the founder of Cape Town, produced the first bottle of South African wine .
|Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk was rescued by English captain Woodes Rogers and the crew of the Duke after spending four years as a castaway on an uninhabited island in the Juan Fernández. archipelago, providing the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe.
|The opening of George Frederick Handel's opera "Poro" began in London.
|Thomas Arne's opera "ArtXerks" premiered in London.
|Pitts Regulatory Act was implemented for administrative reforms in the country.
|Pope Gregory XVI was elected as the 254th Pope in place of Pope Pius VII.
|UK scientist John Delton, who discovered the law of mixing different gases, died.
|The Mexican–American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which gave 1.36 million square kilometres(530,000 sq mi) of Mexican territory known as the Mexican Cession tothe United States in exchange for US$15 million.
|Greece declares war with Turkey.
|Freedom fighter and social worker Princess Amrit Kaur was born.
|Johnny Briggs scored hat-trick England vs Australia.
|A Russian scientist named Dimitri Avenovich Mendliffe died at the age of 73 in St. Peterzburg. He made a systematic table of the chemical elements present on the earth.
|The well-known writer, poet and columnist Khushwant Singh of the country was born.
|The signing of the Treaty of Tartu ended the Estonian War ofIndependence, with Russia agreeing to recognize the independence of Estonia and renounce in perpetuity all rights to that territory.
|The novel Ulysses was first published in its entirety afterthis material by author James Joyce first appeared in serialized partsin the American journal The Little Review from March 1918 to December1920, becoming one of the most important works of Modernist literature.
|The Export-Import Bank, the United States' official exportcredit agency, was established.
|World War II-The Soviet Red Army captured 91,000 tired and starving German soldiers, ending the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the bloodiest battles in human history.
|The Germans won at the Battle of Sistarna.
|Chatursen Shastri, the great novelist of Hindi literature, died.
|The American Basketball Association was formed.
|The international Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands was signed in Ramsar, Mazandaran,Iran.
|The F-16 Fighting Falcon, one of the most popular jet fighters ever built, had its first flight.
|The Syrian army bombarded the town of Hama in order to quell arevolt by the Muslim Brotherhood, killing about 7,000–25,000 people.
|Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched in Europe.
|President F.W. de Klerk declared the end of apartheid in SouthAfrica.
|Kieren Perkins ,a well known swimmer made a world record for 1500m freestyle swimming in 14 :32 :40.
|Irina Privalara makes a new world record .This record was of running 50m indoor in just 6.05 seconds.
|“Moliere Comedies” opened at Criterion Theatre in New York City for 56 performances.
|Ali Lanry, at the age of 22 from Lousinia crowned to the 45th Miss USA.
|Marko’ Meara won the award for pebble beach national golf pro - am.
|All 104 on board were killed when the DC-9 at Philippine crashed apparently.
|Hugo Chávez Frias took over as Venezuelan President.
|Swiss tennis player Roger Federer became the No. 1 ranked men'ssingles player, a position he held for a record 237 weeks.
|Swiss tennis player Roger Federer set a record for the first consecutive ranking for 237 weeks.
|For the first time in the history of neighboring country Pakistan, the Sikh Marriage Act Ordinance came into force.
|The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe devalued the Zimbabwean dollar for the third and final time, making Z$1 trillionnow only Z$1 of the new currency.
|The World food programme reported that 4.3 million people were suffering from hunger in Sudan. This number has quadrupled since 2009.
|IAN Thorpe .an Australian swimmer announces his retirement .he says that he will come out of the retirement to complete in London Olympics in 2012.
|Shinzo Abe, the Prime Minister of Japan directed a speech at Japan self defence forces which vows to defence the Senkaku Island.
|The Super bowl took place at Met life Stadium in east Rutherford at New Jersey, The sea hawks beat the devour broncos by 43-8 runs which was a historic win for the sea hawks ,who haven’t won a major championship in last 30 years.
|Pope John XII crowned Otto the Great as Holy Roman Emperor, thefirst in nearly 40 years.