Georgia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Georgia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Georgia and important events related to Georgia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Georgia Country Profile

CountryGeorgia
CapitalTbilisi
CurrencyGeorgian lari
ContinentAsia
FounderBagrat III 

Georgia History

Georgia is a country located in Eastern Europe. Transcaucasia is a state located on the south-eastern coast of the Krishna Sagar in the central and western part of the region. During the civil war following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia briefly became part of the Transcusian Federation and then emerged as an independent republic before the invasion of the Russian Army in 1921, which established the workers 'government and peasants' navies. Soviet Georgia was incorporated into a new Transcaucasian Union and in 1922 became a founding republic of the Soviet Union. Georgia is bordered by Russia in the north, Azerbaijan in the east and Armenia and Turkey in the south.

Georgia Geography

Georgia is mostly located in the South Caucasus, while parts of the country are also located in the North Caucasus. It is a very hilly country. The Likkhi Range divides the country into eastern and western parts. Historically, the western part of Georgia was known as Kolis while the eastern plateau was called Iberia. Due to a complex geographic setting, the mountains also separate the northern region of Senveti from the rest of Georgia.

Georgia Economy

Archaeological research shows that Georgia has been involved in commerce with many lands and empires since ancient times, primarily because of its location on the Black Sea and later on the historic Silk Road. Gold, silver, copper and iron have been mined in the Caucasus Mountains. Georgian wine making is a very old tradition and a major branch of the country's economy. Hydropower resources are available in the country. Agriculture and tourism have been major economic regions in Georgia's modern history due to the country's climate and topography. Georgia is developing into an international transport corridor comprising the Batumi and Poti ports, the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line, Baku to Telusi to Sehan, the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline (BTC) and a parallel gas pipeline, south There is an oil pipeline.

Georgia Language

The official languages ​​of Georgia are Georgian, with Abkhaz having official status within the autonomous region Abkhazia. Georgian is the primary language of 87.7 percent of the population, followed by Azerbaijan with 6.2 percent speaking, 3.9 percent Armenian, 1.2 percent Russian and 1 percent other languages. In 2010, the federal government of the United States introduced Teach and Learn English with the Georgia program to promote English literacy in elementary school. The goal was to import English speakers from around the world to ensure that all children in Georgia spoke English at age four and replaced Russian as a second language.

Georgia Important History Events

  • 11 august 1121 - Forces led by David the Builder decisively won the Battle ofDidgori, driving Ilghazi and the Seljuk Turks out of Georgia.
  • 20 november 1386 - Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur captured and sacked the Georgiancapital of Tbilisi, forcing King Bagrat V to convert to Islam.
  • 09 june 1732 - James Oglethorpe was granted a royal charter for the Provinceof Georgia between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers.
  • 09 June 1732 - James Oglethorp was granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
  • 12 March 1734 - The Salzburgers arrived near the Savannah River in the British Colony of Georgia.
  • 05 February 1736 - Methodist John & Charles Wesley traveled to the city of Savannah, Georgia.
  • 01 January 1767 - Governor William Trison of the Royal Colony of North Carolina signed a contract with architect John Hawkes to build the Trishan Palace, a grand Georgian-style governor's mansion on the New Bern waterfront.
  • 20 April 1770 - Georgian king Erikle II defeated the Ottoman army at the Battle of Aspindra.
  • 02 march 1776 - American Revolutionary War-Patriot militia from Georgia and South Carolina attempted to resist the British action to seize and remove supply ships anchored at Savannah, Georgia.
  • 05 February 1777 - Georgia became the first US state to eliminate both migration and birthright.

Populated Cities of Georgia

Grytviken, Sukhumi, Poti, Tskhinvali, Kutaisi, Rustavi, Batumi, Tbilisi, Gori, Zugdidi, Mtskheta, Telavi, Ozurgeti, Rustavi, Ambrolauri, Akhaltsikhe,

4 Neighbour countries of Georgia

Armenia [L] , Azerbaijan [L] , Russia [LM] , Turkey [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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