India History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

India has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the India and important events related to India history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

India Country Profile

CountryIndia
CapitalNew Delhi
CurrencyIndian rupee
ContinentAsia
GroupBRICs, SAARC
Formation1947
FounderMohandas Karamchand Gandhi

India History

India has two official names - India in Hindi and India in India. The name India is derived from the English name "Indus" of Indus River. The name Bharat is derived from the name of an ancient emperor Bharata, a descendant of Manu and the eldest son of Rishabhdev, whose legend is in the Srimad Bhagavat Mahapurana. Several independent states were formed after 500 BC. The Maurya dynasty of North India is notable among the early dynasties of India, whose majestic emperor Ashoka has a special place in world history. From the beginning of 180 AD, there were many invasions from Central Asia, which resulted in the establishment of the Greek, Saka, Parthi and finally Kushan dynasties in the North Indian subcontinent. The period beyond the third century when India was ruled by Gupta dynasty was called the "Golden Age" of India.

In South India, there were many dynasties Chalukyas, Cheras, Cholas, Pallavas and Pandyas in different periods. Sangam literature was at its peak around Christ, with the addition of Tamil language. In the early twentieth century there was a long non-violent struggle for independence, led by Mahatma Gandhi, who is officially referred to as the father of modern India.

In the same century, the social movement of India, which also led to a huge non-violent and revolutionary struggle for the attainment of social freedom, was led by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, who was the 'creator of modern India', 'constitution maker' and 'Dalit's Masih' Are addressed as Along with this, the revolutionary struggle led by Chandrashekhar Azad, Sardar Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Veer Savarkar etc. resulted in complete independence from English rule on 15 August 1947. Subsequently, on 26 January 1950, India became republic.

India Geography

The geography of India or the geographical nature of India refers to the distribution of geographical elements in India and its pattern which is quite diverse in almost every respect. Situated on the intermediate peninsula of the three peninsulas of South Asia, this country is the seventh largest country in the world with its 32,87,263 sq km area. It is also the second most populous country in the world after China with a population of about 3.3 billion.

India Economy

India's economy ranks tenth in the world at the rate of money transfer and third in terms of purchasing power. India has grown at a rate of about 8% in the year 2003, which is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. But due to India's large population, the per capita income is only US $ 3,262 at the purchasing power rate, which is 125th according to the World Bank. India's foreign exchange reserves are US $ 265 billion (March 2009). Mumbai is the economic capital of India and also the headquarters of the Reserve Bank of India and the Bombay Stock Exchange. Although a quarter of Indians are still below the poverty line, the rapidly growing information technology companies have increased the middle class. After 1991, the policy of economic reform in India has played a big role in the overall development of India.

India Language

In terms of languages, India is among the richest countries in the world. According to the Constitution, Hindi is the official language of India, and English has been given the position of subsidiary official language. At the time of framing the constitution of 1947–1950, the Hindi language written in Devanagari script and the international form of Hindi-Arabic numerals were made the language of functioning of the Union (Central) government, and they increased the circulation of Hindi in non-Hindi speaking states. It was given the status of an auxiliary official language, allowing the use of English for 15 years until it reached the same level as the Hindi-speaking states.

India Important Facts

  • India is officially called the Republic of India, it is the largest country in the Indian subcontinent located in the south of Asia.
  • India was ruled by the Mughals for about 331 (1526 to 1857) years and by the British for about 200 (1757 to 1947) and it became independent on 15 August 1947.
  • India was partitioned in the midnight of 14–15 August 1947, in which three countries emerged: India, East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) and West Pakistan.
  • India borders China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal to the north-east, Pakistan to the west and the Indian Ocean to the south.
  • India is addressed by two names, first India which originated from the Hindu Emperor Bharata and second India which is given by the British in the name of Indus River.
  • The total area of India is 3,287,590 sq km. (1,269,346 sq mi), India ranks seventh in the world by area.
  • The official languages ​​of India are Hindi and English.
  • India's currency is named Indian Rupee and India's economy is the third largest economy in Asia.
  • According to the World Bank, India's total population in 2016 was 132.42 crore, India is the second largest country in the world by population.
  • The religion of most people in India is Hindu and second is Islam.
  • Aryabhata of India first discovered zero "0", only after which the calculations have progressed from 9.
  • The highest peak in India is Kangchenjunga, which is 8,586 meters high, which is the third largest peak in the world.
  • The longest river of India is the Ganga River, which is also its national river, its length is 2900 km. And the largest lake is Wular Lake, which is 259 sq km. Spreads over.
  • One of the seven wonders in India is the Taj Mahal which was built by Shah Jahan in Agra in 1632-53 in memory of his queen Mumtaz.
  • India's national animals are tigers and dolphins, national bird peacock, national full lotus, national fruit mango and national tree banyan.

India Important History Events

  • 20 june 712 - Muhammad Bin Quasim, Arabs, attacked on Sindh and captured it. Muhammad defeated and killed King Dahir, Hindu king, at Rawar. He was an Umayyad general who conquered the Sindh and Multan regions along the Indus River for the Umayyad Caliphate. He was born and raised in the city of Taif (in modern-day Saudi Arabia). Qasim's conquest of Sindh and southern-most parts of Multan enabled further Islamic expansion into India.
  • 04 july 1054 - The supernova SN 1054 was seen by the Arab, Chinese song dynasty and might be Amerindian observers close to the star Zeta Tauri. For many months it remained adequate bright to be seen during the day. Its leftover formed the Crab Nebula.
  • 14 October 1240 - Razia Sultan, the first female ruler of India, died.
  • 13 june 1290 - Jalal ud-din Firuz Khilji established the Khilji dynasty at Delhi. The Khilji dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Turkic origin, which ruled large parts of South Asia between 1290 and 1320. It was founded by Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji and became the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India.
  • 09 August 1329 - Pope John 22nd established the first Catholic Synod in Culon, India.
  • 11 july 1405 - Chinese explorer Zheng He led a massive fleet of 317 ships fromSuzhou on a trade mission to India.
  • 11 july 1405 - Marking the start of Ming China's treasure voyages, AdmiralZheng He's expeditionary fleet set sail towards foreign regions on the South China Sea and Indian Ocean.
  • 13 January 1450 - Portuguese sailor Baratholomieu Díaz was born. Vasco da Gama discovered the waterway of India only using the waterway of Deyaz.
  • 08 july 1497 - Vasco de Gama started his journey that was first voyage to India. He discovered new sea routes to India. This helped in increasing the trade through sea. The discovery of new sea routes also resulted in colonisation of India by Portuguese and British.
  • 08 July 1497 - Vaskodigama left Europe to reach India by sea with a 170-member team.

Populated Cities of India

Jodhpur, Guwahati, Chandigarh, Gwalior, Aurangabad, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Tiruchirappalli, Kohima, Hubli, Mysore, Raipur, Salem, Jullundur, Bhubaneshwar, Kota, Jhansi, Bareilly, Aligarh, Bhiwandi, Jammu, Moradabad, Gangtok, Mangalore, Karur, Kolhapur, Amravati, Chennai, Dehra Dun, Malegaon, Jorhat, Bangalore, Nellore, Gorakhpur, Panaji, Shimoga, Tiruppur, Hyderabad, Sopore, Raurkela, Nanded, Belgaum, Sangli, Chandrapur, Ajmer, Tezpur, Cuttack, Bikaner, Bhavnagar, Hisar, Bilaspur, Tirunelveli, Ahmedabad, Guntur, Siliguri, Ujjain, Davangere, Akola, Saharanpur, Haora, Gulbarga, Bhatpara, Dhule, Udaipur, Pune, Itanagar, Bellary, Tuticorin, Kurnool, Gaya, Sikar, Tumkur, Daman, Kollam, Ahmednagar, Bhilwara, Nizamabad, Surat, Parbhani, Shillong, Latur, Rajapalaiyam, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarnagar, Muzaffarpur, Mathura, Patiala, Sagar, Brahmapur, Shahjahanpur, New Delhi, Rohtak, Kanpur, Sambalpur, Ratlam, Firozabad, Rajahmundry, Barddhaman, Bidar, Rampur,

10 Neighbour countries of India

Bangladesh [LM] , Bhutan [L] , China [L] , Indonesia [M] , Maldives [M] , Myanmar [LM] , Nepal [L] , Pakistan [LM] , Sri Lanka [M] , Thailand [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of India

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
18911956Bhimrao Ambedkar / male / Freedom Fighter / India
2000Hima Das / Female / Player / India
18711950Sachchidananda Sinha / male / Politician / India
1943Pratibha Ray / Female / Author / India
18651928Lala Lajpat Rai / male / Freedom Fighter / India
19262012Ranganath Misra / male / Politician / India
1945Meira Kumar / Female / Politician / India
1969Santosh Yadav / Female / Mountaineer / India
18861968Muthulakshmi Reddi / Female / Politician / India
1934Pratibha Patil / Female / Politician / India
1932Dr Manmohan Singh / male / Politician / India
19081969Violet Alva / Female / Lawyer / India
19051996Anna Chandy / Female / Judge / India
18661916Gopal Krishna Gokhale / male / Politician / India
19232020Mahashay Dharmapal Gulati / male / Businessman / India
19081994Devika Rani / Female / Actress / India
19231996Janaki Ramachandran / Female / Politician / India
18971927Ram Prasad Bismil / male / Freedom Fighter / India
18611936Bhikaiji Cama / Female / Freedom Fighter / India
19231947Somnath Sharma / male / Army officer / India
18931956Meghnad Saha / male / Politician / India
18611923Kadambini Ganguly / Female / Doctor / India
18981952Durga Benerjee / Female / Jurist / India
19152003Pushpalata Das / Female / Freedom Fighter / India
19041993Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata / male / Pilot / India
19162004M S Subbulakshmi / Female / Singer / India
19342013V S Ramadevi / Female / Politician / India
19522019Arun Jaitley / male / Indian politician, lawyer / India
18631902Swami Vivekananda / male / Freedom Fighter / India
19081931Shivaram Rajguru / male / Freedom Fighter / India
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