Afghanistan History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Afghanistan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Afghanistan and important events related to Afghanistan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Afghanistan Country Profile

CountryAfghanistan
CapitalKabul
CurrencyAfghan afghani
ContinentAsia
FounderAhmad Shah Durrani

Afghanistan History

Afghanistan is derived from the name Afghan and place or (stan) which means land which literally means the land of Afghans. Afgan means the most popular breed here (Pashtun). In the medieval period, many Afghan rulers ruled or tried to rule Delhi, the name of which is Lodi dynasty. Afghanistan, the majestic King of the Sikh Empire, Dilip Singh, was in power for many years. Babur, Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali, meeting with the Afghans, invaded Delhi. Some areas of Afghanistan were part of the Delhi Sultanate. Due to the Anglo-Afghan Wars in the nineteenth century, a large part of Afghanistan came under British India, after which European influence in Afghanistan increased. In 1919, Afghanistan gained independence from foreign forces.

Afghanistan Geography

Afghanistan is surrounded by land from all sides and its largest border is facing east from Pakistan. It is also called Durand Line. There are ranges in the direction of the central and northeast which are an extension of the Hindukush mountains located in Tajikistan in the northeast. Often the daily transfer of temperature is high. Joined the League of Nations in 1934 and joined the United Nations in 1945.

Afghanistan Economy

Afghanistan's GDP was $ 21.7 billion in 2018, with a per capita GDP of $ 2,024 (PPP). Despite having $ 1 trillion or more in mineral deposits, it is one of the least developed countries in the world. Afghanistan's rugged physical geography and its land situation have been cited as one of the reasons why the country has always been the least developed in the modern era - a factor where progress is also slowed by contemporary conflict and political instability She goes. The country imports more than $ 7 billion in goods, but exports only $ 784 million, mainly fruits and nuts. It is $ 2.8 billion in external debt. The services sector contributed the most to GDP (55.9%), followed by agriculture (23%) and industry (21.1%).

Afghanistan Language

Dari and Pashto are the official languages ​​of Afghanistan. Bilingualism is very common. Dari, which is a variety of Persian (and often called 'Persian' by some Afghans in Iran) and serves as a lingua franc in northern and northwestern parts of the country as well as in Kabul. Pashto is the native tongue of Pashtuns, although many of them are also fluent in Dari while some are non-Pashtun in Pashto. Despite Pashtuns dominating for centuries in Afghan politics, Dari remained the preferred language for government and bureaucracy.

Afghanistan Important Facts

  • The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlock country located in southern Central Asia, Afghanistan literally means the land of the Afghans.
  • Afghanistan borders India and China in the northeast, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in the north, Pakistan in the east and Iran in the west.
  • The total area of ​​Afghanistan is 652,864 sq km. (252,072 square miles).
  • The official languages ​​of Afghanistan are Pashto and Persian.
  • The name of Afghanistan's currency is Afghani.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Afghanistan in 2016 was 3.47 crore.
  • In Afghanistan, the religion of most people is Islam.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Afghanistan are Pashtuns, Tajik, Hazara, and Uzbek.
  • The highest mountain in Afghanistan is Mount Noshaq, which is 7,492 meters high.
  • The longest river of Afghanistan is Helmand River, which is 1,150 km in length.
  • The national dish of Afghanistan is Kabuli Palaw.
  • Afghanistan's national animal is snow leopard.
  • The national game of Afghanistan is Peretz Partensky Buzkashi "Bujkashi".
  • Afghanistan had the world's largest Buddha statue but in 2001 the Taliban destroyed the statue.
  • In Afghanistan, the world's most oil painting was made around the caves of "Bamiyan".

Afghanistan Important History Events

  • 06 March 1508 - Babur's son Humayun was born in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 26 May 1739 - Afghanistan was separated from India as a result of a treaty between the Mughal emperor Mohammad Shah and Nadir Shah of Iran.
  • 13 january 1842 - First Anglo-Afghan War-William Brydon, an assistant surgeon inthe British Army, arrived at Jalalabad, Afghanistan, the sole Europeansurvivor of the massacre of over 4,500 military personnel and over10,000 civilian camp followers retreating from Kabul, excluding a fewprisoners released later.
  • 26 may 1879 - Russia and the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state. The Treaty of Gandamak officially ended the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Afghanistan ceded various frontier areas to Britain to prevent invasion of further areas of the country.
  • 12 October 1879 - British troops captured Kabul and Afghanistan.
  • 12 november 1893 - Mortimer Durand, Foreign Secretary of British India, and AbdurRahman Khan, Amir of Afghanistan, signed the Durand Line Agreement,establishing what is now the international border between Afghanistanand Pakistan.
  • 12 February 1901 - Viceroy of India Lord Curzon built the new North-West Frontier Province in Punjab near the border of Afghanistan.
  • 03 March 1926 - Germany and Afghanistan signed a mutual friendship agreement.
  • 08 july 1937 - The Treaty of Saadabd was signed by Iran, Iraq, turkey and Afghanistan. It was a non-aggression pact. It lasted for 5 years. The treaty was registered in League of Nations. The treaty was an initiative to greater the middle eastern-oriental relations.
  • 08 July 1937 - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan signed the treaty of Saudabad.

Populated Cities of Afghanistan

Sheberghan, Mahmud-E Eraqi, Farah, Andkhvoy, Kandahar, Feyzabad, Taloqan, Bamian, Jalalabad, Pol-e Khomri, Charikar, Zaranj, Asadabad, Herat, Mazar-e Sharif, Mayda Shahr, Kabul, Qala i Naw, Kondoz, Aybak, Baraki Barak, Baghlan, Lashkar Gah, Meymaneh, Balkh, Karokh, Mehtar Lam, Chaghcharan, Ghazni, Zareh Sharan, Qalat, Gardiz, Tarin Kowt, Parun, Pul-e `Alam, Khost, Sar-e Pul, Maidan Shahr, Sharan, Nili, Bazarak,

6 Neighbour countries of Afghanistan

China [LM] , Iran [L] , Pakistan [L] , Tajikistan [L] , Turkmenistan [L] , Uzbekistan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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