Bangladesh History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Bangladesh has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Bangladesh and important events related to Bangladesh history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Bangladesh Country Profile

CurrencyBangladeshi taka
FounderBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Bangladesh History

The history of civilization in Bangladesh is very old. Most of the eastern region of present-day India was once known as Bengal. According to Buddhist texts, the beginning of modern civilization in this region dates back to 700 CE. Is believed to have originated in. The Islamization of Bengal began in the 13th century by the traders of the Mughal Empire and by the 16th century Bengal emerged as a major trading area of ​​Asia. European merchants arrived in the region in the 15th century and eventually began their influence in the 16th century by the British East India Company. By the 17th century, the control of the region came fully into his hands which gradually spread throughout India. At the time of the formation of Pakistan, the western region had a large number of Sindhis, Pathans, Balochs and Mujahirs, called West Pakistan, while the East had a majority of Bengali speakers, called East Pakistan. Although there was never a lack of political consciousness in the eastern part, the eastern part could never get proper representation in the power of the country and always remained politically neglected.

Bangladesh Geography

The geography of Bangladesh is divided between three regions. Most of the country dominates the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, which is the largest river delta in the world. The northwest and central parts of the country are formed by the Madhupur and Barind plateaus. The northeast and southeast are home to evergreen mountain ranges. Natural disasters, such as floods, tropical cyclones, tornadoes and tidal burrows occur almost every year, combined with the effects of deforestation, soil erosion, and erosion. The cyclones of 1970 and 1991 were particularly devastating. Bangladesh's climate is tropical with mild winters from October to March, and warm, moist summers from March to June.

Bangladesh Economy

Bangladesh has the 39th largest economy in the world in terms of market exchange rates and 29th largest in terms of purchasing power parity, second only to South Asia after India. Bangladesh is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and one of the fastest growing middle-income countries. The country has a market-based mixed economy. A developing nation, Bangladesh is one of the next eleven emerging markets. According to the IMF, its per capita income in 2019 was US $ 1,906, with a GDP of $ 317 billion. Bangladesh has the second highest foreign exchange reserves in South Asia (after India). Bangladeshi expatriates contributed $ 15.31 billion in remittances in 2015. Bangladesh's largest trading partners are the European Union, the United States, Japan, India, Australia, China and ASEAN. Migrant workers in the Middle East and Southeast Asia send back a large proportion of r

Bangladesh Language

The main language of Bangladesh is Bengali (also known as Bangla). Bengali is one of the easternmost branches of the Indo-European language family. It is a part of the Eastern Indo-Aryan languages ​​in South Asia, which developed between the 10th and 13th centuries. Bengali is written using the Bengali script. In ancient Bengal, Sanskrit was the language of written communication, especially by priests. During the Islamic period, Sanskrit was replaced by Bengali as an oral language.

Bangladesh Important Facts

  • Bangladesh is a nation in South Asia which is officially called the Republic of Bangladesh.
  • Bangladesh borders India to the north, east and west, and Myanmar to the southeast and the Bay of Bengal to the south.
  • Bangladesh gained independence on 26 March 1971 by a bloody war against West Pakistan with India's help.
  • The total area of ​​Bangladesh is 147,570 sq km. (56,980 sq mi).
  • The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali.
  • The currency of Bangladesh is called Taka.
  • According to the World Bank, Bangladesh had a total population of 16.3 million in 2016.
  • Islam is the religion of most people in Bangladesh and it is the third most Muslim populated country in the world.
  • The most important ethnic group in Bangladesh is the Bengali.
  • The climate of Bangladesh is tropical climate.
  • The highest mountain in Bangladesh is Keokradong, which has a height of 986 meters.
  • There are about 700 rivers in Bangladesh, of which the longest river is Brahmaputra, which is 2,900 km in length.
  • The national bird of Bangladesh is the Oriental magpie-robin and the national animal is the Royal Bengal Tiger.
  • Bangladesh's national sport is kabaddi.
  • The national anthem of Bangladesh is Amar Sonar Bangla, written by the great poet of India Rabindranath Tagore during the partition of Bengal in 1905.

Bangladesh Important History Events

  • 25 may 1899 - Nazrul Islam was born. Kazi Nazrul Islam was a Bangladeshi poet, writer, and musician, revolutionary and is the national poet of Bangladesh. Popularly known as Nazrul, his poetry and music espoused Indo-Islamic renaissance and intense spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression.
  • 14 august 1947 - The colony of Pakistan and Bangladesh gain formal independence from Great Britain, as the British withdrew from the Indian Empire.
  • 11 May 1965 - 17 thousand people died due to cyclonic storm in Bangladesh.
  • 15 December 1965 - 15,000 people died in a cyclone on the banks of the Ganges river in Bangladesh.
  • 20 january 1969 - Bengali student activist Amanullah Asaduzzaman was shot and killed by East Pakistani police, one of the casus belli that led to the Bangladesh Liberation War.
  • 31 may 1970 - Indira Gandhi called for international help as the civil war in Bangladesh, or East Pakistan, had turned two million people into refugees. Many of them were suffering from cholera and smallpox. The authorities of West Pakistan refused to care for them, and India couldn't afford to.
  • 12 november 1970 - The 1970 Bhola cyclone made landfall on the coast of EastPakistan (Bangladesh), becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone inhistory, with over 300,000 people killed.
  • 12 November 1970 - East Pakistan, present-day Bangladesh) and West Bengal's cyclonic storm \ 'Bhola \' killed about five lakh people in the devastation.
  • 17 april 1971 - People’s Republic of Bangladesh was formed in 1971. The movement was led by Sheik Mujib ur-Rahman.
  • 05 December 1971 - India recognized Bangladesh as a country.

Populated Cities of Bangladesh

Rajshahi, Chittagong, Comilla, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Jessore, Sylhet, Saidpur, Narayanganj, Barisal, Tangail, Jamalpur, Khulna, Nawabganj, Pabna, Dhaka,

2 Neighbour countries of Bangladesh

India [LM] , Myanmar [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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