Sri Lanka History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Sri Lanka has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Sri Lanka and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The last 5000 years of written history of Sri Lanka is available. There is evidence of human settlements here 125,000 years ago. The culture of Sri Lanka is very rich. The great religious text Ramayana mentions Lanka. In the Ramayana, Kubera and later Ravana is described as the king of Lanka. Ravana's gold palace and Ashoka Vatika are also mentioned in Ramayana. Remains of Rama Setu made by Lord Rama Vara are still there today. Sri Rama killed Ravana and placed the kingdom of Lanka on Vibhishana and from here, Buddhist texts composed at the time of the fourth Buddhist association in 29 BC have been received. The country gained complete independence from the United Kingdom on 4 February 1949 after World War II.
Sri Lanka lies on the Indian Plate, a major tectonic plate that was formerly part of the Indo-Australian Plate. The island has mountains mostly for leveling the coastal plains, which only grow in the south-central part. The highest point is Pidurutlagala, which is 2,524 meters (8,281 ft) above sea level.
According to the International Monetary Fund, Sri Lanka has the second highest GDP per capita income in the South Asian region in terms of purchasing power parity. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Sri Lanka became a plantation economy famous for its production and export of cinnamon, rubber and Ceylon tea, which remains a trademark national export. The development of modern ports under British rule increased the strategic importance of the island as a center of trade. From 1948 to 1977, socialism greatly influenced the government's economic policies. Colonial plantations were destroyed, industries were nationalized and a welfare state was established. In 1977, the free market economy was introduced in the country to promote privatization, deregulation and private enterprise.
Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages. The constitution defines English as a strong language. English is widely used for education, scientific and commercial purposes. Members of the Bargher community speak variations of Portuguese Creole and Dutch with varying proficiency, while members of the Malay community speak a form of Creole Malay that is unique to the island.
Sri Lanka is officially called the Sri Lanka Socialist Democratic Republic. It is an island nation north of the Indian Ocean in the south of Asia.
Sri Lanka gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 4 February 1948.
Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon till 1972 which came to be known as Lanka in 1972 and in 1978 it was called Sri Lanka by adding the word Sri Lanka.
The total area of Sri Lanka is 65,610 sq km. (25,330 sq mi) and its distance from the south of India is just 31 km.
The official languages of Sri Lanka are Sinhala and Tamil and the other recognized languages are English.
The Sri Lankan currency is named Sri Lankan Rupee.
According to the World Bank, the total population of Sri Lanka in 2016 was 2.12 crore.
The religion of most people in Sri Lanka is Buddhism and Hinduism.
The most important ethnic groups in Sri Lanka are Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamil, Sri Lankan Moor and Indian Tamil.
The climate of Sri Lanka is tropical and warm.
The highest mountain in Sri Lanka is Pidurutlaagala, which has a height of 2,524 meters.
The longest river in Sri Lanka is Mahaweli River, which has a length of 335 km.
The first female Prime Minister of the world is named Sirimavo Bandaranaike, who was from Sri Lanka, she became the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka in the year 1960.
Sri Lanka is also known as Teardrop of India due to its unique shape and position in the south of India.
There has been a civil war in Sri Lanka between the majority Sinhalese and minority Tamils, which was an ethnic conflict. The civil war began on 23 July 1983 and ended on 18 May 2009.
08 october 1594 - Sinhalese–Portuguese War-Portugal had almost conquered the island of Sri Lanka when its army was completely annihilated, ending theCampaign of Danture.
31 may 1891 - Buddhagaya Mahabodhi Society, an organization to encourage Buddhist studies in India and abroad. The Maha Bodhi Society is a South Asian Buddhist society founded by the Sri Lankan Buddhist leader Anagarika Dharmapala and the British journalist and poet Sir Edwin Arnold.
05 april 1942 - Second World War-Carrier-based aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy conducted the Easter Sunday Raid on Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)and the British Eastern Fleet in an attempt to drive the Commonwealth naval force from the Indian Ocean.
11 june 1956 - The six-day Gal Oya riots, the first ethnic riots targeting theminority Sri Lankan Tamils in post-independent Sri Lanka, began,eventually resulting in the deaths of at least 150 people and 100injuries.
22 may 1958 - Ethnic rioting broke out in Ceylon, targeted mostly at theminority Sri Lankan Tamils, resulting in up to 300 deaths over the nextfive days.
22 may 1972 - Ceylon changed its name to Sri Lanka, adopteda new constitution, and officially became a republic.
16 August 1976 - The fifth Non-Aligned Movement Summit began in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
19 August 1976 - The fifth Non-Aligned Movement Summit ended in Colombo, Sri Lanka.