Cyprus History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Cyprus has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Cyprus and important events related to Cyprus history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Cyprus Country Profile


Cyprus History

In 1974, after years of rioting between the Greeks and Turks living on the island and an attempt by the Greek Cypriot nationalists to help the military government occupy power in the Athens, the Turkish attacked the island. Occupied the third part. This led to the displacement of thousands of Cypriots and the establishment of separate Greek Cypriot political power in the north. Controversy persists even today due to circumstances and political situation arising after this incident. The Republic of Cyprus is an internationally recognized state with legitimate sovereignty over the entire island and surrounding waters, except for small portions, which are allocated by treaty as sovereign military bases for the United Kingdom. It is a republic that became independent from the British colony in 1960.

Cyprus Geography

Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is a Eurasian island country located east of Greece, west of Lebanon, Syria and Israel, north of Egypt and south of Turkey on the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Nicosia. Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean and is a popular tourist destination, attracting over 2.4 million tourists per year. It became a Republic independent from the British colony in 1960, became a member of the Commonwealth in 1961 and a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004. Cyprus is one of the region's advanced economies.

Cyprus Economy

The Cypriot economy diversified and prospered in the early 21st century. However, in 2012 it was affected by the Eurozone financial and banking crisis. In June 2012, the government of Cyprus announced that it would need € 1.8 billion in foreign aid to support the Cyprus popular bank, and Fitch then switched to the Cyprus junk status. The downgrade was mainly due to the Greek financial crisis of Bank of Cyprus, Cyprus Popular Bank and Hellenic Bank, the three largest banks in Cyprus. According to the 2017 International Monetary Fund estimates, GDP per capita (adjusted for purchasing power) was below the EU average of $ 36,442.

Cyprus Language

Cyprus has two official languages, Greek and Turkish. Armenian and Cypriot Maronite are recognized as Arabic minority languages. However without official status, English is widely spoken and is originally included in street signs, public notices and advertisements, etc.

Cyprus Important Facts

  • Cyprus is officially called the Republic of Cyprus.
  • It is a Eurasian island country located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the west of Lebanon, Syria and Israel, east of Greece, south of Turkey and north of Egypt.
  • Cyprus gained independence from the United Kingdom on 16 August 1960 and declared its independence day on 1 October.
  • The total area of ​​Cyprus is 9,251 sq km. (3,572 square miles).
  • The official languages ​​of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish.
  • The name of the currency of Cyprus is Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Cyprus in 2016 was 11.7 million.
  • In Cyprus, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The important ethnic group in Cyprus is Greek Cyprus and Turkish Cyprus.
  • The highest mountain in Cyprus is Mount Olympus, which has a height of 1,952 meters.
  • The longest river of Cyprus is the Pedieos River, which is 98 km in length.
  • The largest lake in Cyprus is Lake Aliki.
  • The national animal of Cyprus is mouflon.

Cyprus Important History Events

  • 14 march 1489 - Queen of Cyprus Catherine Cornaro was forced to abdicate and sell the administration of the island to the Republic of Venice.
  • 02 November 1914 - Britain incorporated Cyprus into its empire.
  • 13 December 1959 - Arch Vish Vakarios was elected the first President of Cyprus.
  • 19 February 1959 - There was an agreement between Greece, Turkey and Britain about the independence of Cyprus.
  • 16 August 1960 - Cyprus gained independence from the United Kingdom. This day is celebrated there as Independence Day.
  • 21 December 1963 - Inter-sectarian fighting ensued between Greek and Turkish Cyprus.
  • 11 February 1964 - In Greek, Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot residents killed 50 people in a fight in Limassol Cyprus.
  • 11 June 1964 - Greece rejected direct talks with Turkey from Cyprus.
  • 01 November 1974 - The United Nations recognized the independence of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean.
  • 15 november 1983 - Turkish Cypriots on the northeastern portion of Cyprus declaredthe creation of a new state known as the Turkish Republic of NorthernCyprus, which currently remains recognised only by Turkey.

Populated Cities of Cyprus

Larnaka, Paphos, Nicosia, Lemosos, Famagusta, Kyrenia,

8 Neighbour countries of Cyprus

Cyprus [LM] , Egypt [M] , Greece [M] , Israel [M] , Lebanon [M] , Syria [M] , Turkey [M] , United Kingdom [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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