Bahrain has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Bahrain and important events related to Bahrain history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Bahrain Country Profile
Bahrain has a long history that dates back at least 5000 years, at which time the region served as a trade center between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley, India. The civilization that developed in Bahrain was the Dilmun civilization at that time. Which was settled in 600 BC. Bahrain was known as the Tylos until the 7th century. In the 1830s, Bahrain became British protectorate after the Al Khalifa family signed a treaty with the United Kingdom. Bahrain became independent in 1971 and constitutional monarchy was established.
Bahrain is located in the Middle East, east of Saudi Arabia in the Persian Gulf. It is a small nation with a total area of 760 sq km spread over many different small islands. Bahrain has a relatively flat topography with a desert plain. The central part of its main island has a low elevation escarpment. Bahrain has a dry climate and thus mild winters and very hot, humid summers. Manama is the country's capital and largest city.
Bahrain developed the first post-oil economy in the Persian Gulf, many of the world's largest financial institutions have a presence in the country's capital as a result of decades of investment in the banking and tourism sectors. It is followed by a High Human Development Index and is recognized by the World Bank as a high-income economy. Bahrain is a member of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Arabic is the official language of Bahrain, although English is widely used. However, like all Arabic dialects, it is widely different from standard Arabic. Arabic plays an important role in political life, as, according to Article 57 (c) of the Constitution of Bahrain, an MP must be fluent in Arabic to stand for Parliament. In addition, the Balochi language is the second largest and widely spoken language in Bahrain. Many speak Persian, the official language of Iran or Urdu, an official language in Pakistan and a regional language in India.
Bahrain Important Facts
- Bahrain, officially called the Bahrain Monarchy, is located east of Saudi Arabia in the Persian Gulf of Middle East Asia.
- Bahrain is an island country of 33 islands which gained independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1971.
- The total area of Bahrain is 765 sq km. (253 square miles).
- The official languages of Bahrain are Arabic and English.
- Bahrain's currency is named Bahrain Dinar.
- According to the World Bank, Bahrain had a total population of 14.3 million in 2016.
- The religion of most people in Bahrain is Islam.
- The most important ethnic group in Bahrain is Bahrani and Ajam of Bahrain.
- The highest mountain in Bahrain is Jabal ad Dukhan, whose height is 122 meters.
- Bahrain is a 26 km drive from Saudi Arabia. The long bridge is connected by King Fahd Causeway.
- Bahrain's national dish is machboos.
- The national bird of Bahrain is Bulbul.
- The national animal of Bahrain is the Arabian oryx.
Bahrain Important History Events
- 21 january 1976 - The Concorde supersonic transports began scheduled commercial flights to London, Paris, Bahrain, and Rio de Janeiro.
- 13 March 1999 - Sheikh Hamaz bin Isa Al Khalifa became the new ruler of Bahrain.
- 09 April 2002 - In Bahrain, women were allowed to participate in the corporation elections.
- 29 november 2006 - After Islamists win a large number of seats in the first round of Bahrain's parliamentary election last Saturday, rumors sweep the Kingdom that leaders of the Shia opposition party, Al Wefaq, will join the government in a cabinet reshuffle.
- 08 april 2008 - The wind turbines at the Bahrain World Trade Center, the first building to incorporate turbines into its design, became operational.
- 06 september 2010 - 23 Shia Muslim protesters are accused of terrorism and trying to take over the Bahrain government.
- 14 february 2011 - As a part of the Arab Spring, the still ongoing Bahrainiuprising, began with a Day of Rage.
- 14 february 2011 - A 'Day of Rage' marked the beginning of the Bahraini uprising, part of the Arab Spring.
- 17 february 2011 - Bahrain security forces launched a pre-dawn raid on protestersin Pearl Roundabout in Manama, killing four of them.
- 22 february 2011 - Bahraini uprising-Tens of thousands of people marched in protest in Manama against the deaths of seven people killed by police and army forces during previous protests.
Populated Cities of Bahrain