Turkey History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Turkey has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Turkey and important events related to Turkey history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Turkey Country Profile

CurrencyTurkish lira
FounderMustafa Kemal Atatürk

Turkey History

Turkey is an area where there has been a predominance of man-transfers and conflicts. The pre-Christian settlement of the Greek (Aryan) castes and then the transfer and the emergence of the Ottoman race from 800–1400 after Christ is the major written event in the history of this geographical region. The Osmani Turks also made several attempts to seize control over the Roman capital, Istanbul. In 1453, he managed to win Istanbul permanently. After this, Istanbul became the center of a strong Ottoman Empire which spread from Hungary to Arab countries in the sixteenth century. Usmani Turks were with the Germans in the First World War. The Osmani Empire came to an end with the defeat of the Germans and the expulsion of the British in Arabia. After this Mustafa Kamal Pasha advocated the promotion of democracy and a secular system which resulted in Turkey becoming a secular country. European Roman-based script was adopted by abandoning the Arabic script and rule was separated from religion.

Turkey Geography

Turkey is a country located in Eurasia. Its capital is Ankara. Its main- and official language is the Turkish language. It is the only Muslim majority country in the world which is secular. It is a democratic republic. Its Asian part is called Anatolia and the European part is Thrace. Some of it falls in Europe and most of it in Asia, so it is called the "bridge" between Europe and Asia. The bridge is divided into two parts, commonly known as European turkeys and Asian turkeys, when they come in the middle of a thin aquifer of the Aegean sea. These two parts of Turkey are separated from each other by the Strait of Bosporus, Marmara Sagar and Dardanelj.

Turkey Economy

Turkey is in the OECD and G-20, and is one of the 20 richest countries. The Turkish lira is called the currency. The first coins were made in Turkey. In the 1970s, many Turks moved to other countries, like Germany, to avoid bad economies over time and to get better employment. They often come back for their summer vacations. Today, there are people who leave the 1970s and want to go back for many journeys. The government owned most of the companies until the 1980s, but the then Prime Minister Turgut Ozal sold them. Earlier, foreigners were not usually allowed to buy companies, land or property. Earthquakes in 1994, 1999, and 2001 slowed economic growth a bit. Turkey mostly buys and sells along with the European Union, the United States, Russia and Japan. Turkey and the European Union agree not to put a lot of tax on what they buy and sell to each other. After that it was easier for Turkish factories to buy companies in Turkey to sell products to the European Union and to business people in the European Union.

Turkey Language

Most people in Turkish speak the Turkish language. It belongs to the Turkish language group, which also includes many other languages ​​spoken throughout Asia, such as Azerbaijani and Tatari. The Turkish language is derived from Central Asia, but is now slightly different from the languages ​​spoken in Central Asia. Turkey also has minorities such as Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Greek or Ladino, and many others who are speaking in languages. Many young adults can also speak English, which is taught during middle and high school.

Turkey Important History Events

  • 20 march 325 - The First Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church, was formally opened in present-day Iznik, Turkey.
  • 20 may 325 - The First Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council of theChristian Church, was formally opened in present-day Iznik, Turkey.
  • 22 july 838 - Arab–Byzantine wars-The forces of the Abbasid Caliphate defeated Byzantine Empire troops, led by Emperor Theophilos himself, atthe Battle of Anzen near present-day Dazman, Turkey.
  • 28 August 1521 - The troops of Sultan Suleiman I of Turkey occupied Belgrade.
  • 23 July 1540 - Turkey recognized Janos Sigismand Zapolayi as King of Hungary.
  • 05 June 1664 - Mustafa II became the Sultan of Turkey. He was born in Adarna Mahal. His father was Mahmad IV and his mother was Rabunya Gulnush Sultan of Greek origin.
  • 27 October 1676 - Poland and Turkey signed the Treaty of Versailles.
  • 27 July 1713 - Russia and Turkey signed the peace treaty.
  • 02 August 1738 - France assisted Emperor Karel Sahava in the war against Turkey.
  • 23 September 1739 - The Belgrade peace deal was signed between Russia and Turkey.

Populated Cities of Turkey

Giresun, Bafra, Bolu, Kirsehir, Samandagi, Polatli, Eregli, Konya, Nigde, Luleburgaz, Tarsus, Yozgat, Agri, Canakkale, Amasya, Mus, Kilis, Bingol, Antalya, Hakkari, Kars, Soke, Trabzon, Nevsehir, Tatvan, Cankiri, Mardin, Kastamonu, Burdur, Diyarbakir, Bitlis, Samsun, Kayseri, Kirklareli, Eskisehir, Mugla, Izmit, Malatya, Sanliurfa, Erzurum, Bilecik, Kahramanmaras, Denizli, Van, Ankara, Sinop, Artvin, Gumushane, Hatay, Batman, Iskenderun, Tunceli, Rize, Elazig, Sivas, Balikesir, Adapazari, Izmir, Manisa, Adiyaman, Kirikkale, Aydin, Kutahya, Corum, Isparta, Afyon, Zonguldak, Ordu, Usak, Nusaybin, Bursa, Tokat, Erzincan, Adana, Karabuk, Edirne, Tekirdag, Karaman, Siirt, Gaziantep, Istanbul, Yalova, Igdir, Ardahan, Mersin, Duzce, Bartin, Sirnak, Aksaray, Bayburt, Osmaniye,

12 Neighbour countries of Turkey

Armenia [L] , Azerbaijan [L] , Bulgaria [LM] , Cyprus [M] , Egypt [M] , Georgia [LM] , Greece [LM] , Iran [L] , Iraq [L] , Russia [M] , Syria [LM] , Ukraine [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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