Kosovo History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Kosovo has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Kosovo and important events related to Kosovo history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Kosovo Country Profile

CountryKosovo
CapitalPristina
CurrencyEuro
ContinentEurope
FounderIbrahim Rugova

Kosovo History

Archaeological research has shown that the earliest known settlements in the region of present-day Kosovo were linked to the Neolithic Starčevo culture and material culture groups that succeeded it. The Byzantine administration was wiped out by Slavic invasions beginning in the 6th – 7th centuries AD. In the centuries that followed, the region was controlled by alternating between the Byzantines and the first Bulgarian Empire. The Battle of Kosovo of 1389 is considered one of the defining moments of Serbian medieval history. The region was the origin of the Serbian medieval state, which has also been the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church since the 14th century, when its status was upgraded to patriarchy.

The collapse of the Serbian Empire at the end of the 14th century saw a quick succession of regional rulers until the 15th century, when it had become part of the Ottoman Empire by the early 20th century. At the end of the 19th century, it was the center of the Albanian national awakening. After their defeat in the Balkan Wars, the Ottomans ceded Kosovo to Serbia and Montenegro. The two countries joined Yugoslavia after World War I, and after a period of Yugoslav unitism in the Kingdom, the Yugoslav Constitution after World War II established the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia.

During the stress of the 20th century between the Albanian and Serb communities in Kosovo and sometimes major violence has changed in 1998 and ended the Kosovo war of 1999, resulting in the Yugoslav army returned, the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo Was established And the 2008 Declaration of Independence.

Kosovo Geography

Defining a total area of 10,887 square kilometers, Kosovo is the center of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. Most of Kosovo's borders are hilly and highland. The most noticeable topographic features are the Prokletys and the Arar Mountains. Most of Kosovo experiences a continental climate predominantly with Mediterranean and Alpine influences. Nevertheless, the climate is strongly influenced by Kosovo's proximity to the Adriatic Sea in the west, the Aegean Sea in the south and European continental terrain in the north.

Kosovo Economy

The economy of Kosovo is a transitional economy. It faced political upheavals, the Serbian dismissal of Kosovo's staff and the combined consequences of the following Yugoslav wars. Despite the decline in foreign aid, GDP has risen mostly since the declaration of independence. Kosovo's largest trading partners are Albania, Italy, Switzerland, China, Germany and Turkey. The euro is its official currency. The government of Kosovo has signed free-trade agreements with Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and northern Macedonia. Kosovo is a member of CEFTA, agrees with UNMIK, and enjoys free trade with most nearby non-EU countries.

Kosovo Language

The official languages ​​of Kosovo are Albanian and Serbian and the institutions are committed to ensuring equal use of both languages. Turkish, Bosnian and Roma position official languages ​​at the municipal level if the linguistic community represents at least 5% of the total population of the municipality. The Albanian language is spoken by about 95% of the population as the first language, while Bosnian and Serbian are spoken by 1.7% and 1.6% of the people, respectively. Serbian is actually the second largest language in Kosovo, as a result of Bosnian being the second largest language after Albanian, due to the exclusion of the census of northern Kosovo.

Kosovo Important Facts

  • Kosovo, officially called the Republic of Kosovo, is a country located in the Balkan region of Europe Mahadeep.
  • Kosovo is bordered on the north and east by Serbia, on the south by the Republic of Macedonia, on the west by Albania and on the northwest by Montgro.
  • Kosovo was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from the mid-15th century to the 20th century.
  • Kosovo gained independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008.
  • The total area of ​​Kosovo is 17,818 sq km. (6,880 square miles).
  • The official language of Kosovo is Albanian and Serbian.
  • The currency of Kosovo is named Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Kosovo in 2016 was 18.2 million.
  • Mount Gajeravica (Ðeravica), at 8,714 ft (2,656 m), is the highest point in the country and the lowest point is the White Drine, 974 ft (297 m).
  • After Moldova, the people of Kosovo are the second poorest in Europe with a GDP per capita of only 8,325 euros. 30% of the population falls below the poverty line and most citizens live with a monthly income of less than 500 Euros.
  • The six stars on Kosovo's flag represent the six major ethnic groups living in the country: Albanian, Serb, Turk, Gorani, Romani, and Bosnian.
  • More than 70% of Kosovo's population is under 35 years of age, making it the youngest country in Europe. The average age of the people of Kosovo is only 29.1 years.
  • Ode to Joy, the anthem of the European Union, is played at official announcement ceremonies of the Republic of Kosovo. The interim government of Kosovo had decided to do so as an honor to the European Union for its efforts to help it gain independence.
  • Kosovo took part in the 2016 Rio Olympic Games for the first time. A total of eight athletes were sent by the Olympic Committee.
  • Kosovo does not confer citizenship by birth. The child gets citizenship of the country when at least one mother or father is a citizen of Kosovo.

Kosovo Important History Events

  • 15 June 1389 - Ottoman Turkish) Empire defeated Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo.
  • 28 march 1999 - Serbian police and special forces killed at least 89 Kosovo Albanians in the village of Izbica, in the Drenica region of central Kosovo.
  • 24 may 1999 - Former President of Serbia Slobodan Miloševic was indictedfor war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.
  • 09 june 1999 - A peace treaty was signed by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and NATO during the Kosovo War. It was a war fought between the forces of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), with air support from the NATO. The war was lasted from 28 February 1998 until 11 June 1999.
  • 12 june 1999 - In the aftermath of the bombing of Yugoslavia and the KosovoWar, the NATO-led Kosovo Force entered Kosovo with a mandate of establishing a secure environment in the territory.
  • 09 june 2007 - U.S. President George W. Bush called for a United Nation’s action over Kosovo's independence despite Russian and Serbian opposition. Kosovo is a disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that claims independence from Serbia.
  • 17 february 2008 - Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.
  • 17 February 2008 - Kosovo declared independence from Serbia.
  • 26 february 2009 - During the Kosovo war, former Serbian President Milan Mulutinovic is acquitted of war crisis.
  • 24 december 2012 - Pakistan's government announces it will accord recognition to the Republic of Kosovo.

Populated Cities of Kosovo

Malisheve, Pristina, Decan, Istog, Hani i Elezit, Junik, Kllokot, Mamushe, Partesh, Ranillug, Ferizaj, Zvecan, Suhareke, Gllogovc, Mitrovice, Skenderaj, Novoberde, Gjakove, Obiliq, Lipjan, Prizren, Zubin Potok, Kamenice, Viti, Shterpce, Shtime, Vushtrri, Dragash, Podujeve, Fushe Kosove, Kacanik, Kline, Leposaviq, Peje, Rahovec, Gjilan, Gracanice,

4 Neighbour countries of Kosovo

Albania [L] , Macedonia [L] , Montenegro [L] , Serbia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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