Montenegro History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Montenegro has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Montenegro and important events related to Montenegro history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Montenegro Country Profile

FounderPetar I Petrović-Njegoš

Montenegro History

During the early medieval period, the three princely states were located in the region of modern de Montenegro Ducalja, roughly south of southern Travania, west and north of Rascia. The name Montenegro was first used to refer to the country at the end of the 15th century. After falling under Ottoman rule, Montenegro gained its independence in 1696 under the rule of the House of Petrovic-Negego, first as a secular and later as a secular princely state.

At the Congress of Berlin in 1878, Montenegro's independence was recognized by the great powers. In 1910, the country became a state. After World War I, it became part of Yugoslavia. After the breakup of Yugoslavia, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a federation. Following the independence referendum held in May 2006, Montenegro declared its independence and the Confederacy was peacefully dissolved. Between 1990 and 2020, Montenegro was ruled by the Democratic Party of Socialists and its smaller coalition partners.

Montenegro Geography

Montenegro is a small, mountainous state in the southwestern Balkans. Montenegro borders Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and the Adriatic Sea. Being a small country at 13,812 sq km, it is very diverse about the terrain configuration.

Montenegro Economy

The economy of Montenegro is mostly service-based and in the late transition to a market economy. According to the International Monetary Fund, Montenegro's nominal GDP was 5.424 billion dollars in 2019. The GDP PPP for 2019 was $ 12.516 billion, or $ 20,083 per capita. According to Eurostat data, Montenegrin GDP per capita in 2018 was 48% of the EU average. The Central Bank of Montenegro is not part of the Euro system but the country is "Euroised", using the Euro as its currency unilaterally.

Montenegro Language

Montenegrin is the official language in Montenegro. In addition, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian are recognized in use. Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian are mutually intelligible, all being standard varieties of the Serbo-Croatian language. Montenegrin is the mother tongue with a majority of the population under 18 years of age.

Montenegro Important Facts

  • Montenegro is a country located in southeastern Europe. Whose capital and largest city is Podgorica.
  • Montenegro borders Croatia in the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the northwest, Serbia in the northeast, Kosovo in the east, and Albania in the southeast.
  • Montenegro declared its independence from Serbia on 3 June 2006.
  • The total area of ​​Montenegro is 13,812 sq km. (5,333 sq mi).
  • The official language of Montenegro is Montenegrin.
  • The currency of Montenegro is Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Montenegro in 2016 was 6.23 lakhs.
  • In terms of volume, the Tara Valley in Montenegro is the largest valley in Europe. Which is 82 km (51 mi) in length and 1,300 m (4,300 ft) deep.
  • The village of Crkvice on Mount Orgain in Montenegro is the most humid place in Europe, with annual rainfall of up to 5,000 mm.
  • The Bobotov peak in the Dermitr Mountains is the highest peak in Montenegro, measuring 2,522 m (8,274 ft) in length.
  • Montenegro was the first country in the world to have a national printing press.
  • Montenegrin is one of the tallest people in the world, with an average height of 1.832 meters (6 feet) for men.
  • In 1992, Montenegro was the first country in the world to write a text about environmental protection in its constitution.
  • Velika plaža, located in Ulcinj, is one of the longest sand beaches in Europe. Its height is 12.5 km.
  • Bojana is the only river in the world that flows downstream (upstream) and upstream (upstream) due to the configuration of the terrain.

Montenegro Important History Events

  • 03 July 1876 - Montenegro declared war with Turkey.
  • 13 july 1941 - The Communist Party of Yugoslavia initiated a general andpopular uprising against Italian occupation forces in Montenegro thatwas suppressed within six weeks.
  • 31 January 1946 - Yugoslavia disintegrated into six countries based on the model of the then Soviet Union (Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia).
  • 25 june 1991 - Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II. It was a socialist state and a federation made up of six socialist republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia.
  • 05 june 2006 - Serbia announced its independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. It is located at the Carrefour of of central and southeast Europe. Belgrade is the name of capital city of Serbia. Official language is Serbian. It had a population of about 7.2 millions.

Populated Cities of Montenegro

Podgorica, Kotor, Mojkovac, Niksic, Pluzine, Berane, Pljevlja, Rozaje, Savnik, Tivat, Ulcinj, Herceg-Novi, Danilovgrad, Plav, Andrijevica, Petnjica, Gusinje, Kolasin, Bijelo Polje, Bar, Budva, Cetinje, Zabljak,

6 Neighbour countries of Montenegro

Albania [LM] , Bosnia and Herzegovina [L] , Croatia [LM] , Italy [M] , Kosovo [L] , Serbia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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