Luxembourg has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Luxembourg and important events related to Luxembourg history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Luxembourg Country Profile
The history of Luxembourg is thought to have begun in 963, when Count Siegfried acquired a rocky promontory and its Roman-era fortifications, known as Luclinboroughhook, the "Little Castle". At the end of the 13th century, the count of Luxembourg ruled much of the region. In 1308, Henry VII became King of the Germans and later the Holy Roman Emperor. After Louis XIV belonged to France and Maria Theresa to Austria, Luxembourg became part of Napoleon's first French republic and empire.
Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe, and ranks 167th in size among all 194 independent countries in the world. To the east, Luxembourg borders the German Bundesländer of the Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, and to the south, it borders the French territory of the Grand Esta (Lorraine). The Grand Duchy borders the Balloon region of Belgium, notably Luxembourg and the later provinces of Liège, part of which comprises the German-speaking communities of Belgium, to the west and north, respectively.
Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, the OECD, the United Nations, NATO and Benelux. The city of Luxembourg, which is the country's capital and largest city, is the seat of many institutions and agencies of the European Union. Luxembourg served on the UN Security Council for 2013 and 2014, the first in the country's history. By 2020, Luxembourg citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 187 countries and territories, placing Luxembourg's passport fifth in the world, with Denmark and Spain tied to it.
Luxembourg's three official languages are French, German, and Luxembourg: a Franconian language that is specific to the local population, which is partially intelligible with neighboring High German, but also includes more than 5,000 words of French origin.
Luxembourg Important Facts
- Luxembourg is a small landlocked country located in the continent of Western Europe.
- Luxembourg borders Belgium to the west, France and Germany to the south.
- The total area of Luxembourg is 2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi).
- The official languages of Luxembourg are German, French and Luxembourgish.
- The currency of Luxembourg is named Euro.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Luxembourg in 2016 was 5.83 lakhs.
- Luxembourg is a secular country but about 87 percent of the population is Roman Catholic.
- Luxembourg is the second richest country in the world - its GDP (GDP) is 92,049 USD (2014) per capita.
- Luxembourg has the highest minimum wage among European Union countries. The workers here are paid a minimum of 1,923 Euro per month.
- Luxembourg has the highest rate of car ownership in the world - with 647 cars per 1000 population. Volkswagen was the best-selling brand in 2014.
- Luxembourg Prime Minister Javier Betel was the first European Union leader to marry anyone of the same sex. She married her partner, Gauthier Destaney, in 2015.
- RTL (Radio Television Division Luxembourg) of Luxembourg is Europe's largest TV, radio and production company, with 54 TV channels and 29 radio stations worldwide.
- Luxembourg City is the first city listed twice (in 1995 and 2007) as the European Capital of Culture.
- Luxembourg is one of the twelve founding member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
- The corporate headquarters of Skype, as well as the European headquarters of Amazon, PayPal, Rakuten and Rovi Corp., are located in Luxembourg as it is noted as a strong financial center.
Luxembourg Important History Events
- 11 July 1346 - Charles IV of Luxembourg was made Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- 07 december 1815 - Michel Ney, Marshal of France, was executed by a firing squadnear Paris' Jardin du Luxembourg for supporting Napoleon.
- 09 June 1815 - Luxembourg became independent from the French occupation.
- 07 December 1815 - Marshall killed Ney in Paris, near the Jardin du Luxembourg.
- 19 April 1839 - The Treaty of London made Belgium an independent empire and constituted Luxembourg as a Grand Duchy.
- 09 September 1867 - European country Luxembourg attained independence.
- 21 November 1867 - Luxembourg was declared an independent nation. But even then the country remained connected to Holland.
- 04 December 1955 - The International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations was established in Luxembourg.
- 25 march 1957 - West Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg signed the Treaty of Rome, establishing the European Economic Community.
- 01 november 1993 - The Maastricht Treaty that establishes the European Union (EU), officially starts today. This treaty had been approved by 12 nations on the European Union, which comprises of: Great Britain, France, Netherlands, the Irish Republic, Spain, Greece, Italy, Portugual, Denmark, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Germany.
Populated Cities of Luxembourg
Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg, Clervaux, Wiltz, Vianden, Redange-sur-Attert, Mersch, Echternach, Remich, Esch-sur-Alzette, Capellen,