Germany History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Germany has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Germany and important events related to Germany history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Germany Country Profile


Germany History

Various German tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. After the Napoleonic Wars and the disintegration of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. In 1871, Germany became a nation state, when most German states were integrated into the German Empire dominated by Prussia. After the First World War and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the empire was replaced by the semi-presidential Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 established a dictatorship, World War II and the Holocaust. Following the fall of communism, the German reunification saw the former East German states join the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.

Germany Geography

Germany is in western and central Europe, extending from Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria to the southeast, and Switzerland to the south-south. France, Luxembourg and Belgium lie to the west, with the Netherlands to the northwest. Most of Germany has a temperate climate, ranging from oceanographic in the north to continental in the east and southeast. Winters range from cold to light in the Southern Alps and usually rain with limited rainfall, while summers can vary from hot and dry to cold and rainy.

Germany Economy

Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labor force, low levels of corruption and high levels of innovation. It is the third largest exporter of goods in the world, and the largest national economy in Europe which is the world's fourth largest by nominal GDP and fifth by PPP. Its GDP per capita purchasing power standards are measured at 121% of the EU27 average (100%). The services sector contributes about 69% of total GDP, industry 31% and agriculture 1% as of 2017. The unemployment rate published by Eurostat is 3.2% as of January 2020, the fourth lowest in the European Union.

Germany Language

German is the official and major spoken language in Germany. It is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union, and one of the three procedural languages of the European Commission. German is the most spoken language in the European Union, with around 100 million native speakers.

Germany Important Facts

  • Germany is officially called the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a country in the continent of Europe, with its capital Berlin.
  • Germany is bordered by Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
  • Germany has a total area of ​​357,168 sq km (137,903 sq mi).
  • The official language of Germany is German.
  • The German currency is named Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Germany in 2016 was 8.27 crore.
  • Germany is the most populous country in the European Union, the second most populous country in Europe after Russia and the 16th most populous country in the world.
  • Germany became world champions 22 years after beating Argentina 1-0 at the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
  • The Berlin Zoo, opened in 1844, is the oldest zoo in Germany and offers the most extensive collection of species in the world.
  • More than 400 registered zoos and animal parks operate in Germany.
  • 107 German winners have been awarded the Nobel Prize.
  • Germany has the second highest number of graduates in science and engineering (31%) after South Korea.
  • Berlin, the capital of Germany, was the third most rotating city in Europe in 2012.
  • As of 2016, Germany is the second most popular immigration destination in the world, after the United States.
  • According to the 2011 German census, Christianity is the largest religion in Germany, accounting for 66.8% of the country's total population.

Germany Important History Events

  • 10 august 955 - Forces under Otto I were victorious at the Battle of Lechfeldnear present-day Augsburg, Germany, holding off the incursions of theMagyars into Central Europe.
  • 09 march 1009 - The first known record of the name of Lithuania appeared in an entry in the annals of the Quedlinburg Abbey in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
  • 14 june 1158 - Munich was founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the river Isar. Munich was the capital and the largest city of the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of River Isar, north of the Bavarian Alps. Munich is the third largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, with a population of around 1.5 million.
  • 11 November 1208 - Otto van Wittelsbash was elected King of Germany.
  • 18 october 1356 - The most significant earthquake to have occurred in CentralEurope in recorded history destroyed Basel, Switzerland, and caused muchdestruction in a vast region extending into France and Germany.
  • 17 February 1370 - Germany defeated Lithuania at the Battle of Rudeau.
  • 24 june 1374 - An out break of dancing mania, where in crowds of people danced themselves to exhaustion, took place in Aachen (present-day Germany), before spreading to other cities and countries.
  • 18 October 1386 - Heidelberg University, Germany's oldest university, was founded.
  • 24 August 1456 - In Germany, the first copy of the Bible was printed from the chapel. It is also known as the Gutenberg Bible.
  • 05 december 1484 - Pope Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes affectibus, giving Dominican Inquisitor Heinrich Kramer explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany.

Populated Cities of Germany

Flensburg, Schwerin, Rosenheim, Giessen, Wuppertal, Saarbrucken, Nurnberg, Bremen, Hannover, Bonn, Dresden, Wiesbaden, Stralsund, Coburg, Dortmund, Hof, Leipzig, Emden, Passau, Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Augsburg, Berlin, Bielefeld, Koblenz, Chemnitz, Stuttgart, Kassel, Frankfurt, Munster, Kiel, Freiburg, Braunschweig, Furth, Mannheim, Lubeck, Osnabruck, Magdeburg, Potsdam, Erfurt, Rostock, Mainz, Hamburg, Essen, Ulm, Wurzburg, Oldenburg, Regensburg, Ingolstadt, Gottingen, Bremerhaven, Duisburg, Munich, Dusseldorf, Cottbus, Jena, Gera, Cologne,

11 Neighbour countries of Germany

Austria [L] , Belgium [L] , Czech Republic [L] , Denmark [LM] , France [L] , Luxembourg [L] , Netherlands [LM] , Poland [LM] , Sweden [M] , Switzerland [L] , United Kingdom [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Germany

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1954Angela Merkel / Female / Politician / Germany
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