1955 in History – What happened in year 1955

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1955 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1955.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1955 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
17 januaryUSS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, put to sea for the first time from Groton, Connecticut, with the message, 'Underway On nuclear power.'
17 marchSix thousand people in Montreal rioted to protest thesuspension of ice hockey star Maurice Richard.
07 aprilAware that he was slowing down both physically and mentally in his old age, Winston Churchill retired as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
11 aprilAir India's Kashmir Princess was destroyed in mid-air by a bomb in an assassination attempt on Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, who has not been on board.
26 aprilKismet' closes at Ziegfeld Theater New York City after 583 performances.
02 mayFor the first time India proposed section 7 that is Punishment for other offences arising out of ‘untouchability’ on May 2, 1955. Under article 17 of the constitution, if anyone commits any offence against untouchable will be punished with the imprisonment and fine.
05 mayIndian Parliament accepted the introduction of divorce in Hindu Marriage Act on May 5, 1955 which was enacted on 18th May. Separation of married couple was earlier non-existent in Hindu Sastrik law.
12 mayAustria regained its full independence on May 12, 1955 as it remained under the Allied occupation from 1945 to 1955 even after the end of World War II. The state of Austria was the first victim of Nazi aggression and this controversial foreign policy of the National Socialist is termed as Victim Theory in the history.
12 mayThe Allied occupation of Austria came to an end, with thenation regaining its independence ten years after the end of WorldWar II.
14 mayThe Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the other seven countries established the Warsaw Pact on May 14, 1955. It was a collective defense treaty among eight countries of Central and Eastern Europe during the period of cold war. The Czechoslovak President formally disbanded Warsaw treaty organization on July 1, 1991.
18 mayOperation Passage to Freedom, the evacuation of 310,000Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the FrenchArmy from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end ofthe First Indochina War, ended.
25 mayFirst ascent of Kanchenjunga, the third-highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River and in the east by the Teesta River. The Kangchenjunga Himal is located in eastern Nepal and Sikkim, India. British expedition team led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown and George Band reached the summit, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather the next day.
25 mayEnglishmen Joe Brown and George Band became the first to climbKangchenjunga, the third-highest mountain in the world, but stoppedshort of the summit as per a promise given to the Maharaja of Sikkimthat the top would remain inviolate.
02 juneThe USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948. Since 1948 there was a sincere rift in the relationships between the USSR and the FPR Yugoslavia as Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito established a socialist regime disregarding Joseph Stalin doctrine.
10 juneInternationally known Indian Badminton player Prakash Padukone was born. He was the first Indian who became world number one in international badminton rankings. His achievements include gold in Commonwealth games, world grand prix and world cup.
11 juneMore than 80 people were killed after Pierre Levegh and LanceMacklin collided during the 23rd running of the 24 Hours of Le Manssports car endurance race.
13 juneSoviet geologists discovered the Mir mine, the first diamond mine in the USSR and the second largest excavated hole in the world, in Eastern Siberia.
14 juneChile became a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. The Buenos Aires Convention is a copyright treaty signed at Buenos Aires, Argentina, providing mutual recognition of copyrights where the work carries a notice containing a statement of reservation of rights. This was commonly done with the phrase "All rights reserved”.
27 augustNorris and Ross Mcwhirter’s The 'Guinness Book of World Records' is published for the first time and is instantly successful. The book was originally owned by the Guinness Brewery and is currently the property of the Jim Pattison Group, which is the same company who owns Ripley Entertainment, Inc.
28 augustAfrican American teenager Emmett Till was murdered near Money, Mississippi, for flirting with a white woman, energizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
06 septemberA Turkish mob attacked ethnic Greeks in Istanbul, killing atleast 13 people and damaging more than 5,000 Greek-owned homes andbusinesses.
22 septemberITV was founded as the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom.
30 septemberAmerican film actor James Dean suffered fatal injuries in ahead-on car accident near Cholame, California.
26 octoberNgo Dinh Diem proclaimed himself president of the newly createdRepublic of Vietnam after defeating former Emperor Bao Dai in afraudulent referendum supervised by his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu.
23 novemberThe Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean were transferred fromBritish to Australian control.
01 decemberIn a key event in the African-American Civil Rights Movement,Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a public busto a white man in Montgomery, Alabama, sparking the Montgomery BusBoycott.
20 decemberCardiff was proclaimed as thecapital of Wales.
24 decemberThe NORAD Tracks Santa program began when children began calling the Continental Air Defense Command Center to inquire about Santa Claus' whereabouts due to a misprint phone number.
11 MayIsrael attacked Gaza. According to Israel and Palestinian President Abbas claiming victory by both sides, Hamas was severely weakened and did not achieve any of its demands. According to Hamas, Israel was removed from Gaza
26 MayCharles Evans conquered Kanchenjunga, the tallest mountain peak in the world, which is 8585 meters high.

Famous birthdays in the year 1955:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 OctoberNancy Rothwell / Academic / United Kingdom
03 NovemberTeresa De Sio / Writer / Italy
05 JuneEdino Nazareth Filho / Footballer / Brazil
06 OctoberTony Dungy / Footballer / United States of America
07 JuneJon Balke / Pianist / Norway
07 SeptemberMira Furlan / Actress / United States of America
07 MayAxel Zwingenberger / Writer / Germany
09 March Józef Pinior / Politician / Poland
09 February Jerry Beck / Author / United States of America
11 DecemberStu Jackson / Basketball Player / United States of America
12 February Bill Laswell / Producer / United States of America
16 JuneLaurie Metcalf / Actress / United States of America
21 AprilMurathan Mungan / Poet / Turkey
22 NovemberJames Edwards / Basketball Player / United States of America
24 January Jim Montgomery / Swimmer / United States of America
25 SeptemberKarl-Heinz Rummenigge / Footballer / Germany
25 SeptemberZucchero Fornaciari / Writer / Italy
27 DecemberBarbara Olson / Author / United States of America
28 NovemberAlessandro Altobelli / Footballer / Italy
30 AprilDavid Kitchin / Lawyer / United Kingdom

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1955:

YearName / Profession / Country
01 MayMamata Banerjee / Politician / India
04 NovemberAlhaj Moulana Ghousavi Shah / Poet / India
18 DecemberVijay Mallya / Politician / India
05 JanuaryMamata Banerjee / Politician / India
10 JuneVed Prakash Sharma / Author / India
16 AugustDavid Dhawan / Actor / India
28 OctoberIndra Nooyi / Business Woman / India
13 DecemberManohar Parrikar / Politician / India
17 DecemberJagadish Shettar / Politician / India
24 MayRajesh Roshan / Composer / India
14 JuneKirron Kher / Actress / India
03 MayRaghubar Das / Politician / India
15 OctoberKulbir Bhaura / Hockey Player / India
05 January Mamata Banerjee / Politician / India
22 AugustChiranjeevi / Actor / India
02 JuneNandan Nilekani / Business Man / India
07 MayPramod Muthu / Actor / India
02 JuneMani Ratnam / Producer / India
22 JulyMazhar Khan / Actor / India
19 JulyRoger Binny / Cricketer / India
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