Portugal History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Portugal has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Portugal and important events related to Portugal history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Portugal Country Profile

FounderD. Afonso Henriques

Portugal History

Portuguese navigator Vasco d Gama discovered the sea route to India in 1498 AD. This country was the first to manufacture glass. Portugal is the oldest nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory has been continuously inhabited, invaded, and fought since prehistoric times. Inhabited by the Pre-Celtic and Celtic peoples, the Phoenician-Cartaginians, visited by the ancient Greeks and ruled by the Romans, were followed by invasions of the Suebi and the Visigothic Germanic peoples. After the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, most of its territory was part of Al-Andalus. Portugal as a country originated during the Christian Punonquista. Founded in 868, Portugal County gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamedé (1128). The Kingdom of Portugal was later declared after the Antiquity of War (1139), and independence from Leon was recognized by the Treaty of Zamora (1143).

Portugal Geography

The region of Portugal consists of an area on the Iberian Peninsula (referred to by most Portuguese as a continent) and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean, the Archipelago of Madeira and the Azores. Mainland Portugal is divided by its main river, the Tagus, which flows from Spain and is displaced into the Tagus Esteuse in Lisbon, before escaping into the Atlantic. The northern landscape is mountainous towards the interior with several plateaus inspired by river valleys, while the plains, including the south, Algarve and Alentezo regions, are characterized.

Portugal Economy

Portugal is a developed and a high-income country, with 77% of the EU28 average per capita GDP in 2017 (growing from 75% in 2012), according to the OECD report, Portugal's GDP (PPP) of $ 32,554 per person in 2018. was. Portugal's national currency is the euro (€), which replaces Portuguese Escudo, and the country was one of the original member states of the eurozone. The central bank of Portugal is the Banco de Portugal, which is an integral part of the European system of central banks. Most industries, businesses and financial institutions are concentrated in the metropolitan areas of Lisbon and Porto - the districts of Setubal, Avero, Braga, Coimbatore and Lyria are the largest economic centers outside these two main regions.

Portugal Language

Portuguese is the official language of Portugal. It is a Romance language derived from Galician-Portuguese, now spoken in Galicia and northern Portugal. There are still many similarities between Galician and Portuguese cultures. Galicia is a consultant observer of the community of Portuguese-language countries.

Portugal Important Facts

  • Portugal is officially called the Portuguese Republic. It is a country located in the continent of Europe.
  • Portugal was founded in 1128, making it one of the oldest countries in Europe. Portugal is named after its second largest city, Porto.
  • After the Carnation Revolution in 1974, Portugal achieved freedom of speech.
  • The total area of ​​Portugal is 92,212 sq km. (35,603 square miles).
  • The official language of Portugal is Portuguese.
  • The currency of Portugal is named Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Portugal in 2016 was 1.03 crore.
  • In 2001, Portugal was the first country in the world to focus on treatment and harm reduction, reducing the possession and consumption of all illicit drugs, with significant public health benefits.
  • Portugal has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. (It is 8th in Europe and 17th in the world.)
  • The sea route to India was discovered by Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama in 1498 AD.
  • The Vasco de Gama bridge in Lisbon is the longest bridge in Europe, with a total length of 17,185 meters.
  • The Ocean Revival Underwater Park in Portugal is the largest artificial underwater park in the world.
  • The University of Coimbatore, established in Lisbon in the year 1290, is the oldest university in Portugal.
  • Portugal has the lowest fertility rate among European Union countries, with 82,367 babies born in 2014.
  • Portugal holds the world record for making the world's largest omelette. In 2012, Portugal made the world's largest omelette weighing 6.466 tonnes.

Portugal Important History Events

  • 25 october 1147 - Reconquista-Forces under Afonso I of Portugal captured Lisbonfrom the Moors after a four-month siege in one of the few Christianvictories during the Second Crusade.
  • 13 june 1373 - Anglo-Portuguese Alliance took place between England and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. This alliance has served both countries. It was very important throughout history, influencing the participation of the United Kingdom in the Iberian Peninsular War, the UK's major land contribution to the Napoleonic Wars and the establishment of an Anglo-American base in Portugal.
  • 09 May 1386 - Windsor Agreement between Portugal and England, one of the oldest treaties in the world.
  • 04 september 1479 - The Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon signed the Treatyof Alcáçovas with Afonso V of Portugal and his son, John to end theWar of the Castilian Succession.
  • 04 may 1493 - Pope Alexander VI issued the papal bull Inter caetera, establishing a line of demarcation dividing the New World between Spainand Portugal.
  • 04 May 1493 - Pope Alexander VI divided the continent of America between Portugal and Spain Pope Alexander VI divided the continent of America between the two countries Portugal and Spain.
  • 07 june 1494 - Ferdinand II of Aragon and John II of Portugal signed theTreaty of Tordesillas, dividing the Americas and Africa between theirtwo countries.
  • 22 april 1500 - Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral and his crew landed in present day Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal.
  • 21 May 1502 - João da Nova of Portugal discovered the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  • 15 august 1511 - Afonso de Albuquerque captured the city of Malacca, givingPortugal control over the Strait of Malacca, through which all sea-goingtrade between China and India was concentrated.

Populated Cities of Portugal

Braga, Horta, Ponta Delgada, Portimao, Evora, Aveiro, Leiria, Faro, Beja, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Guarda, Santarem, Lisbon, Viseu, Covilha, Funchal, Vila Real, Portalegre, Viana Do Castelo, Porto, Angra do Heroismo, Setubal, Coimbra,

2 Neighbour countries of Portugal

Morocco [M] , Spain [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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