Morocco History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Morocco has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Morocco and important events related to Morocco history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Morocco Country Profile

CountryMorocco
CapitalRabat
CurrencyMoroccan dirham
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union, Arab League
FormationMarch 2, 1956

Morocco History

Morocco has a long history that has been shaped by its geographical location on both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea for decades. The Phoenicians were the first to control the region, but were also controlled by the Romans, Visigoths, Vandals, and Byzantine Greeks. But in the 7th century, Arab people came to the region, and their civilization also entered as well as the religion of Islam was also propagated. The Portuguese empire expanded in the 15th century. Morocco was the first nation in 1777 to identify the United States as an independent nation.

In 1912, France became patron of Morocco with the Treaty of Morocco France. After the end of World War II, Morocco began pushing for independence and in 1944, the Istikkal or Independence Party was formed to lead the movement for independence. According to the United States Department of State in 1953, the popular Sultan Mohammed V was exiled by France. He was replaced by Mohammed ben Arafa, causing the Moroccan people to push for independence even more. In 1955, Mohammed V was able to return to Morocco and the country gained its independence on March 2, 1956. In 1912, Morocco became the patron of France Morocco with the Treaty of France. After the end of World War II, Morocco began pushing for independence and in 1944, the Istikkal or Independence Party was formed to lead the movement for independence. According to the United States Department of State in 1953, the popular Sultan Mohammed V was exiled by France. He was replaced by Mohammed ben Arafa, causing the Moroccan people to push for independence even more. In 1955, Mohammed V was able to return to Morocco and on 2 March 1956, the country gained its independence.

Morocco Geography

Morocco is geographically located in North Africa along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is surrounded by Algeria and Western Sahara. A large part of Morocco is mountainous. The Atlas Mountains are mainly located in the center and south of the country. The climate of Morocco can be divided into two parts: northwest and southeast. In the south-east, the climate is dry and poorly populated. In the northwest, the climate is a mild climate. 95% of Moroccan population live in these areas. The highest point in Morocco is Jebel Toubkal which is up to 13,665 ft (4,165 m) high, while its lowest point is Sebakha Tah which is -180 ft (-55 m) above sea level.

Morocco Economy

The Moroccan economy is considered a relatively liberal economy driven by the law of supply and demand. Since 1993, the country has adopted a policy of privatization of certain economic sectors which used to be in the hands of the government. Morocco is a successful country in African economic affairs, and the 5th largest African economy by GDP (PPP). Morocco was ranked as the first African country in the Economist Intelligence Unit's Quality-of-Life Index ahead of South Africa. However, in the years following that first-place ranking, Morocco has slipped to fourth place behind Egypt. Tourism is one of the most important sectors in Morocco's economy. It is well developed with a strong tourism industry focused on the country's coast, culture and history. Morocco attracted more than 13 million tourists in 2019. Agriculture in Morocco accounts for about 40% of the country's workforce. Thus, it is the largest employer in the country. According to the 2019 Global Competitiveness Report, Morocco ranked 32nd in the world in terms of road, 16th in sea, 45th in air and 64th in railways.

Morocco Language

The official languages ​​of Morocco are Arabic and Berber. About 89.8% of the entire population Moroccan people communicate to some extent in Arabic. In 2008, Fredrik DeRose estimated that there were 12 million barbaric speakers, about 40% of the population. French is widely used in government institutions, media, mid-size and large companies, international commerce with French-speaking countries, and often in international diplomacy. According to the 2004 census, another foreign language other than French is spoken by 2.19 million Moroccans.

Morocco Important Facts

  • Morocco is officially called the Moroccan Monarchy, it is located in the north of Africa.
  • Morocco is bordered by Algeria to the east, the Western Sahara Desert to the southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
  • The current ruler of Morocco is Mohammed VIth who has been ruling here since 1999.
  • The total area of ​​Morocco is 710,850 sq km. (274,460 square miles).
  • The official languages ​​of Morocco are Arabic and Berber.
  • The Moroccan currency is named Moroccan Dirham.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Morocco in 2016 was 3.53 crore.
  • Morocco is a Muslim country with a majority population of Sunni community.
  • In Morocco, Throne Day is celebrated on 30 July each year, the day when King Mohammed VI is remembered.
  • The highest mountain in Morocco is Toubkal or Tubkal, which is 4,167 meters (13,671 ft) in height.
  • The most popular sport in Morocco is football, in 1986, Morocco became the first Arab and African country to reach the second round of the FIFA World Cup.
  • The national animal of Morocco is the lion.
  • Morocco's national dish is couscous.
  • The red color on Morocco's flag represents hardness, bravery and strength, the green color reflects happiness, wisdom, peace and hope, and Islam.

Morocco Important History Events

  • 28 October 1859 - Spain declared war against the African country of Morocco.
  • 24 August 1908 - Sultan Abdalziz of Morocco has been discouraged after much conflict, and his brother Abd al-Hafid was succeeded by Morocco
  • 04 November 1911 - The agreement between France and Germany on the African countries of Morocco and Congo was signed.
  • 10 February 1912 - The French Senate approved the Morocco Agreement.
  • 13 november 1914 - Zaian War-Zaian Berber tribesmen routed French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri.
  • 18 December 1923 - The International Area of ​​Tangier was established in Morocco.
  • 20 August 1953 - French forces removed Mohammed bin Yusuf, the Sultan of Morocco, from Sidi.
  • 20 August 1953 - The French government ousted Morocco's King Mohammed V, capturing him in Corsica.
  • 07 april 1956 - Spain relinquished its protectorate in Morocco.
  • 18 November 1956 - Morocco gained independence.

Populated Cities of Morocco

Marrakesh, Agadir, Tangier, Meknes, Ouezzane, Tan Tan, Tiznit, Kenitra, Oujda, Safi, Casablanca, Ksar El Kebir, Er Rachidia, Taza, El Jadida, Rabat, Settat, Larache, Goulimine, Fez, Beni Mellal,

5 Neighbour countries of Morocco

Algeria [LM] , Morocco [LM] , Portugal [M] , Spain [LM] , Western Sahara [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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