Spain History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Spain has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Spain and important events related to Spain history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Spain Country Profile

CountrySpain
CapitalMadrid
CurrencyEuro
ContinentEurope
FounderCatholic Monarchs

Spain History

Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula 35,000 years ago. The Iberian cultures flourished on the peninsula, with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthagean settlements until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was renamed Hispania, which was the first Phoenician The name was based on Spania.

The Visigothic Empire was conquered by the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate in the early eighth century. Muslim rule in the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus) soon became autonomous from Baghdad. Small Christian pockets in the north were excluded from Muslim rule, with the presence of the Carolingian Empire near the Pyrenees, ultimately leading to the rise of the Christian kingdoms of Leon, Castile, Aragon, Portugal and Navarre. Navarre was conquered in 1512, while the Kingdom of Portugal was also ruled by the Hapsburg dynasty between 1580 and 1640. The late 19th century saw the rise of nationalist movements in the Philippines and Cuba. The Cuban independence battles and the Philippine Revolution began in 1895 and 1896 and eventually joined the United States.

Spain Geography

Spain is divided into five topographic regions, including the northern coastal tropics, the central plateau Yeseta, Spain's largest city of Andalucia, the southern eastern Mediterranean tropics of Levante and the northeast region of Cataloniaa and the Ebro Valley. Spain has six main ranges. The highest peak is Perdido.There are five main rivers in Spain, the Ebro, the Duero, the Tagus, the Duadiana, and the Guadalqueer. Spain's coastline is rocky. The climate of Spain varies. The climate of the northern coastal areas is frosty and humid. The central plateau is cold in winter and hot in summer. The annual average rainfall in the northern coastal region and the southern coastal. Due to the variety of climate, there is also variation in natural flora. Deciduous trees such as walnuts, chestnuts, elm etc. are found in the humid regions of the north.

Spain Economy

Spain's capitalist mixed economy is the 14th largest worldwide and the 5th largest in the European Union, as well as the 4th largest in the Eurozone. The center-right government of former Prime Minister Jose Maria Azner worked successfully to gain entry into the group of countries that launched the euro in 1999. Unemployment in June 2017 was 17.1%. The youth unemployment rate (35% in March 2018) is very high compared to EU standards. The perennial weak points of Spain's economy include a large informal economy and an education system that together with the United States and the UK report among the poorest people in the OECD developed countries.

Spain Language

Spain is legally multilingual, and the constitution establishes that the nation will protect all Spaniards and people of Spain in the practice of human rights, their cultures and traditions, languages and institutions.

Spain Important Facts

  • Spain, officially called the Monarchy of Spain, is a country located in the southwestern part of the continent of Europe.
  • Spain borders the Mediterranean Sea to the south and east (except the British Overseas Territory, a small border in Gibraltar), France, Andorra and the Gulf of Biscay to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal to the northwest and west respectively. It seems from
  • The total area of ​​Spain is 5,05, 90 sq km. (1,95,360 sq mi), making it the second largest country in Western Europe after France in the European Union.
  • The official language of Spain is Spanish and the currency name of Spain is Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Spain in 2016 was 46.6 million.
  • Spain is a democratic country formed as a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy.
  • Nudity is legal in Spain.
  • Guinness World Records gave El Restaurante Botín the title of the oldest restaurant, which originally opened in 1725 and remains open today.
  • Spain's most popular sport is football, Spain won the FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2010.
  • The minimum marriage age of girls in Spain is 16 years.
  • In 2015, Spain had the second highest unemployment rate in Europe (24.2%).
  • Spain has 44 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. More than Spain, only 49 in Italy and 45 in China are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • Spain was the first country in the world to have the largest source of wind power.
  • As of 2013, the age of consenting to have sex or marry in Spain (13 for sexual and 14 for marriage) was the lowest in the world.
  • Spain was the third most popular tourist destination in the world in 2013, after France and America. In 2013, there were a record 60.6 million visitors.

Spain Important History Events

  • 20 July 1031 - Robert II's successor, Henry I, took over as King of Spain.
  • 15 june 1300 - The city of Bilbao is founded. Bilbao is a municipality and city in Spain, the capital of the province of Biscay in the autonomous community of the Basque Country. It is the largest municipality of the Basque Country and the tenth largest in Spain, with a population of 353,187 in 2010.
  • 19 october 1469 - Ferdinand II of Aragon married Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paved the way to the unification of Aragonand Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 01 march 1476 - War of the Castilian Succession-Although the Battle of Toro Was militarily inconclusive, it assured Ferdinand and Isabella the throne of Castile, forming the basis for modern Spain.
  • 16 november 1491 - Several Jews and conversos were executed in Toledo, Spain, forthe alleged ritual murder of an infant, who was later revered as theHoly Child of La Guardia.
  • 04 may 1493 - Pope Alexander VI issued the papal bull Inter caetera, establishing a line of demarcation dividing the New World between Spainand Portugal.
  • 04 May 1493 - Pope Alexander VI divided the continent of America between Portugal and Spain Pope Alexander VI divided the continent of America between the two countries Portugal and Spain.
  • 15 March 1493 - Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his world tour.
  • 22 march 1508 - Ferdinand II of Aragon appointed Amerigo Vespucci to the postof Chief Navigator of Spain.
  • 15 December 1516 - After the discovery of the South American country of Argentina, the first group of immigrants from Spain reached this place. Thus Spain's authority over this country began.

Populated Cities of Spain

Santiago de Compostela, Bilbao, Lorca, Valencia, Ceuta, Toledo, Guadalajara, Zaragoza, Linares, Madrid, Malaga, Arrecife, Merida, Barcelona, Murcia, Granada, Vigo, Las Palmas, Palma, La Coruna, San Sebastian, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Gijon, Valladolid, Cordoba, Alicante, Cadiz, Pamplona, Oviedo, Vitoria, Santander, Cartagena, Marbella, Mataro, Castello, Almeria, Burgos, Salamanca, Albacete, Huelva, Logrono, Melilla, Badajoz, Leon, Tarragona, Seville, Ourense, Jaen, Algeciras,

8 Neighbour countries of Spain

Algeria [M] , Andorra [L] , France [LM] , Italy [M] , Morocco [LM] , Portugal [LM] , United Kingdom [LM] , Western Sahara [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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