Vatican City has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Vatican City and important events related to Vatican City history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Vatican City Country Profile
Vatican City History
The name Vatican City was first used in the Lateran Treaty, signed on 11 February 1929, which established the modern city-state named after the state's geographical location Vatican Hill. The "Vatican" is derived from the name of an Atruscan colony, the Vatica or Vaticum located in the general area which Rome called Agar Vaticanus, the "Vatican region".
Vatican City Geography
The climate of Vatican City is similar to that of Rome: mild to moderate rainfall with a temperate, Mediterranean climate, precipitation from May to mid-September and warm, dry summers from May to September. Some small local features, mainly mists and dew, are due to the heterogeneous bulk, height, fountains, and large paved square shape of St. Peter's Basilica.
Vatican City Economy
The economy of Vatican City is financially supported in the form of sales of stamps, coins, medals, and tourist souvenirs, as well as fees for museums and publication sales. The Institute for Works of Religion (IOR, Istituto per le Opere di Religione), also known as Vatican Bank, is a financial agency based in the Vatican that conducts financial activities worldwide. There are multilingual ATMs with instructions in Latin, possibly the only ATM in the world with this feature. Vatican City hired 4,822 individuals in 2016. Vatican City issues its coins and tickets. It has used the euro as its currency since 1 January 1999 due to a special agreement with the European Union.
Vatican City Language
Vatican City officially has no official language, but, unlike the Holy See, which often uses Latin for the official version of its official documents, Vatican City uses only Italian in its legislation and official communications. Italian is also an everyday language used by most people working in the state.
Vatican City Important Facts
- The Vatican City, officially called the Vatican City State, is a country located in the continent of Europe.
- The Vatican City gained independence from Italy on 11 February 1929 under the Lateran Treaty.
- The total area of Vatican City is 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi).
- The Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, located within the Italian city of Rome.
- The official language of Vatican City is Italian and Latin.
- The name of the currency of Vatican City is Euro.
- Vatican City had a total population of 1,000 according to Wikipedia in 2017.
- The Vatican City is one of the few widely recognized independent states not a member of the United Nations.
- The city is famous for some of the world's most popular paintings and sculptures that present cultural sites such as the St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museum.
- The Vatican City is ruled by a complete monarchy; The Pope is the head of the country.
- The first railway station in the country was opened soon after the formation of Vatican City in the year 1930. However, this station is used for freight and not for passengers.
- St. Peter's Basilica is the largest Catholic church in the world.
- The Vatican City does not have GDP because it does not produce goods for trade.
- 100% of the population of Vatican City is Christian (Catholic).
- The Vatican City also has the smallest railway in the world. The railway has two 300-meter tracks.
Vatican City Important History Events
- 09 august 1483 - The first mass in the Sistine Chapel in theVatican City was celebrated.
- 18 april 1506 - Construction of the current St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, to replace the old basilica built in the 4th century, began.
- 11 february 1929 - To help settle the 'Roman Question', Italy and the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church signed the Lateran Treaty to establish Vatican City as an independent sovereign enclave within Italy.
- 07 june 1929 - Lateran treaty was signed. This treaty became the base for the existence of Vatican City. It was an agreement signed between Italy and Holy See. According to the agreement a new state was built in which sovereignty was given to Holy See. Also the constitutional rights were also provided to them.
- 05 May 1938 - Francisco Franco's government was recognized in the Vatican city of Spain.
- 05 november 1943 - World War II-An unknown aircraft dropped four bombs on Vatican City, which maintained neutrality during the war.
- 10 September 1943 - The German army occupied Rome and took the security of Vatican City.
- 13 may 1981 - Mehmet Ali Agca attempted to assassinate Pope John Paul II on May 13, 1981 in St. Peter’s square at Vatican City. He was forgiven by Pope after being sentenced to life in prison by an Italian Court. On June 26, 2000, Pope released the ‘Third Secret of Fatima’ in which he said that assassination attempt was the fulfillment of this secret.
- 13 may 1981 - Mehmet Ali Agca shot and critically wounded Pope John Paul IIin Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City.
- 27 july 1993 - Mafia bombed historical buildings in Rome/Milan/Vatican City. The major bombardment has taken 5 lives. Many more have been injured.
1 Neighbour countries of Vatican City
Italy [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)