Italy History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Italy has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Italy and important events related to Italy history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Italy Country Profile

FounderVittorio Emanuele II di Savoia

Italy History

Italy is the second oldest country in Europe after Greece. The history of Rome's civilization and Italy is a symbol of the country's ancient splendor and development. Modern Italy was formed as a state in 1861 AD. The country's slow progress, social organization and political upheaval are related to Italy's 2,500-year history. The country had a monarchy in the past, whose last royal house was service. From June 1946, the country was transformed into a democratic state. Rome, the capital of Italy, has been the capital of the Roman Empire endowed with a power and influence of ancient times. The Roman Empire established its sovereignty over the region of the Mediterranean Sea around and after Christ, causing it to be considered a cornerstone of modern Europe in culture and other areas.

Italy Geography

The mainland of Italy is flooded by the Mediterranean Sea on three sides (both south and southward transit directions). This island is called the Italian (or Italian) peninsula, named after Italy. The climate of Italy is mainly Mediterranean but there is a lot of variation in it. For example, the climate of cities like Turin, Milan can be classified as continental or humid continental climate.

Italy Economy

Italy has a major advanced mixed economy ranking as the third largest in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world. The G7, a founding member of the Eurozone and the OECD, is considered one of the most industrialized countries in the world and a leader in world trade and exports. It is a highly developed country, with the 8th highest quality in the world in 2005 and the 26th Human Development Index. The country is known for its creative and innovative businesses, a large and competitive agricultural sector (with the world's largest wine production), and its impressive and high-quality automobile, machinery, food, design and fashion industries.

Italy Language

The official language of Italy is Italian, as stated by Framework Law no. 482/1999 and the Special Statute of Trentino Alto-Adiz, adopted with a constitutional law. There are an estimated 64 million native Italian speakers worldwide and 21 million others who use it as a second language.

Italy Important Facts

  • Italy is officially called the Republic of Italy. It is a country located in the south of the continent of Europe.
  • To the north of Italy lies the Alps, which borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia.
  • The total area of ​​Italy is 301,338 sq km. (116,347 sq mi).
  • The official language of Italy is Italian.
  • The name of Italy's currency is Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Italy in 2016 was 6.06 crore.
  • Italy is the second oldest country in Europe after Greece.
  • Italy is the hottest country in the continent of Europe, its temperature is 52 degrees F in July and August. 66 degrees F Stays till.
  • Italy is famous worldwide for its cultural and environmental tourist routes and has the largest number of 53 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world.
  • Milan is Europe's sixth most visited city in the world in 2016, with 7.65 million international tourists visiting in 2016.
  • The highest peak in Europe is in Italy. Monte Bianco (White Mountain) is 15,771 feet high and is part of the Alps.
  • Italy has hosted the Olympic Games three times. Winter Olympic Games were held in 1956, Summer Olympic Games in 1960 and Winter Olympics in 2006.
  • The longest land tunnel in the world is the Lotsburg base tunnel, which proves 22 miles of railway connectivity between Switzerland and Italy.
  • In central Italy, there is a fountain in which red wine flows 24 hours a day. that
  • Over 50 million tourists visit Italy annually. Tourism is important to Italy's economy and provides about 63% of Italy's national income.

Italy Important History Events

  • 13 october 54 - Claudius, the first Roman emperor to be born outside Italy, died mysteriously, most likely by poison administered by his wife Agrippina.
  • 14 october 54 - Claudius, the first Roman emperor to be born outside Italy, diedmysteriously, most likely by poison administered by his wife Agrippina.
  • 24 august 79 - According to estimates based on the Codex Laurentianus Mediceus,Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying the towns of Pompeii, Herculaneum, andStabiae in Italy.
  • 02 august 216 - Second Punic War-Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal defeated a numerically superior Roman army, near the town of Cannae in Apulia in southeast Italy.
  • 29 january 904 - Sergius III, whose pontificate was marked with feudal violenceand disorder in central Italy, came out of retirement to take over thepapacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
  • 15 april 1071 - Norman forces, under the command of Robert Guiscard, conquered the city of Bari, the capital of the Catenation of Italy.
  • 09 August 1173 - The construction of the leaning tower of Pisa, Italy, one of the seven wonders of the world, began. The construction of this tower took almost two centuries to complete.
  • 29 may 1176 - Wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines-The Lombard Leaguedefeated the forces of the Holy Roman Empire in Legnano, Lombardy,present-day Italy.
  • 31 December 1492 - 100,000 Jews were evacuated from the Sicilian region of Italy.
  • 07 february 1497 - Supporters of the Dominican priest Girolamo Savonarola collected and publicly burned thousands of objects such as cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.

Populated Cities of Italy

Bolzano, Salerno, Catanzaro, Arezzo, Palermo, Marsala, Asti, Potenza, Ragusa, L'Aquila, Catania, Genoa, Benevento, Civitavecchia, Crotone, Siena, Campobasso, Bari, Bologna, Olbia, Verona, Aosta, Vibo Valentia, Rome, Pescara, Milan, Cagliari, Venice, Messina, Como, Caserta, Naples, Trieste, Pisa, Taranto, Bergamo, Reggio di Calabria, Treviso, Modena, Parma, Turin, Lecce, Livorno, Foggia, Florence, Perugia, Ravenna, Ferrara, Siracusa, Sassari, Udine, Barletta, Trento, Brindisi, Novara, Ancona,

15 Neighbour countries of Italy

Albania [M] , Algeria [M] , Austria [L] , Croatia [M] , France [LM] , Greece [M] , Libya [M] , Malta [M] , Montenegro [M] , San Marino [L] , Slovenia [LM] , Spain [M] , Switzerland [L] , Tunisia [M] , Vatican City [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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