1938 in History – What happened in year 1938

In history, year 1938 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1938.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1938:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
16 januaryBenny Goodman performed a concert at New York City's Carnegie Hall, which has been considered instrumental in establishing jazz as a form of music.
11 februaryThe BBC aired an adaptation of Karel Capek's play R.U.R., thefirst science fiction television programme ever broadcast.
18 aprilSuperman, created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, made his debut in Action Comics 1, the first true superhero comic book.
26 mayThe House Un-American Activities Committee was established toinvestigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities by people ororganizations suspected of having communist or fascist ties.
08 juneFossils of a 'robust-type' hominid were discovered at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa. This hominid was later named as Paranthropus Robustus by Robert Broom. Paranthropus Robustus is dated to have lived between 2 and 1.2 million years ago.
11 juneSecond Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts. The Battle of Wuhan was a large-scale battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War. More than one million National Revolutionary Army troops were gathered, with Chiang Kai-shek personally in command, to defend Wuhan from the Imperial Japanese Army led by IJA General Yasuji Okamura.
03 julyWorld record of fastest speed attained for a steam railway locomotive was set in England, by the Mallard locomotive. It reached the speed of 202.58 km/h. Number 4468 Mallard was a London, North Eastern Railway Class A4 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotive built at Doncaster in England in 1938.
24 julyA combined German–Austrian team became the first team toclimb the north face of the Eiger, one of the six great north faces ofthe Alps.
07 augustThe Holocaust-Prisoners from Dachau concentration camp weresent to begin construction of Mauthausen-Guse, oneof the largest labour camp complexes in German-occupied Europe.
07 augustPrisoners from Dachau concentration camp were sent to beginconstruction of Mauthausen, which would later be part of one of thelargest labour camp complexes in German-occupied Europe.
21 augustPresident Roosevelt publicly promised to protect Canada should an enemy invade it, and in return he anticipated Canada to help the Americans if they were under attack.
21 septemberThe Great New England Hurricane made landfall on Long Island,New York, killing at least 500 people and injuring about 700 others.
30 octoberThe radio drama The War of the Worlds, based on the science fiction novella by English writer H. G. Wells, frightened many listeners in the United States into believing that an actual Martian invasion wasin progress.
08 novemberKristallnacht began as SA stormtroopers and civilians destroyedand ransacked Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues in Germany andAustria, resulting in at least 90 deaths and the deportation of over25,000 others to concentration camps.
16 novemberSwiss chemist Albert Hofmann first synthesized the psychedelicdrug LSD at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
16 decemberAdolf Hitler instituted the Cross of Honour of the German Mother as an order of merit for Imperial German women.
23 decemberA South African fisherman discovered the first living specimen of coelacanth, long believed to be extinct.
30 JuneThe children's favorite cartoon Superman first appeared in the Comics DC Comics Action Series Part-1).
10 JulyHoward Hughes made a record of flying 91 hours.
25 JulyTwo civilian blasts killed 62 civilians and injured about 100 others in a market in Palestine.
21 SeptemberThe Great Hurricane cyclone (183 mph) killed 700 people in New England, USA.
16 NovemberAlbert Hofmann's invention was the licoriceic acid diethylamide drug.
21 AugustThe teaching of Jewish teachers in public and high schools was banned in Italy.
17 DecemberGerman chemist Otto Han discovered nuclear fission of uranium.
20 DecemberVladimir Jevorikin received a patent for the Iconoscope television system.
30 DecemberVK Zorkin patented the electronic television system.
13 JanuaryThe country's famous santoor player Pandit Shivkumar was born.
16 JanuaryEminent Bengali litterateur Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay died.
19 JanuaryGeneral Motors began mass production of diesel engines.
04 FebruaryThe country's famous Kathak artist Birju Maharaj was born.


Famous birthdays in the year 1938:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 JuneKhawar Rizvi / Poet / Pakistan
01 OctoberStella Stevens / Actress / United States of America
06 JuneRyuchi Matsuda / Author / Japan
08 AprilMary W. Gray / Mathematician / United States of America
11 January Arthur Scargill / Activist / United Kingdom
11 February Bevan Congdon / Cricketer / New Zealand
13 March Robert Gammage / Politician / United States of America
15 AugustMaxine Waters / Politician / United States of America
17 March Keith O'Brien / Theologian / Scotland
18 March Timo Mäkinen / Racing Car Driver / Finland
19 JulyTom Raworth / Poet / United Kingdom
22 DecemberMatty Alou / Baseball Player / United States of America
22 AprilIssey Miyake / Fashion Designer / Japan
24 NovemberCharles Starkweather / Spree Killer / United States of America
26 MayWilliam Bolcom / Composer / United States of America
27 February Jake Thackray / Writer / United Kingdom
28 SeptemberBen E. King / Writer / United States of America
28 January Leonid Zhabotinsky / Weightlifter / Ukraine
28 JuneLeon Panetta / Politician / United States of America
29 OctoberEllen Johnson Sirleaf / Politician / Liberia

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1938:

YearName / Profession / Country
01 JulyHariprasad Chaurasia / Composer / India
08 MayJaved Burki / Cricketer / India
28 NovemberM. M. Kalburgi / Writer / India
15 AugustPran Kumar Sharma / Cartoonist / India
19 JulyJayant Narlikar / Astronomer / India
18 March Shashi Kapoor / Actor / India
15 AugustPran Kumar Sharma / Cartoonist / India
31 March Sheila Dikshit / Politician / India
31 MarchSheila Dikshit / Politician / India
25 OctoberChitra Mudgal / Writer / India
04 February Birju Maharaj / Choreographer / India
NA NAOm Shivpuri / Actor / India
10 JuneRahul Bajaj / Politician / India
15 January Chuni Goswami / Cricketer / India
01 JanuaryGanapathi Thanikaimoni / Scientist / India
15 AugustSuresh Saraiya / Commentator / India
20 DecemberJayawantiben Mehta / Politician / India
25 February Farokh Engineer / Cricketer / India
05 AprilHukam Singh / Politician / India
19 MayGirish Karnad / Actor / India

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