1938 in History – What happened in year 1938

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1938 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1938.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1938 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
16 januaryBenny Goodman performed a concert at New York City's Carnegie Hall, which has been considered instrumental in establishing jazz as a form of music.
11 februaryThe BBC aired an adaptation of Karel Capek's play R.U.R., thefirst science fiction television programme ever broadcast.
18 aprilSuperman, created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, made his debut in Action Comics 1, the first true superhero comic book.
26 mayThe House Un-American Activities Committee was established toinvestigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities by people ororganizations suspected of having communist or fascist ties.
08 juneFossils of a 'robust-type' hominid were discovered at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa. This hominid was later named as Paranthropus Robustus by Robert Broom. Paranthropus Robustus is dated to have lived between 2 and 1.2 million years ago.
11 juneSecond Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts. The Battle of Wuhan was a large-scale battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War. More than one million National Revolutionary Army troops were gathered, with Chiang Kai-shek personally in command, to defend Wuhan from the Imperial Japanese Army led by IJA General Yasuji Okamura.
03 julyWorld record of fastest speed attained for a steam railway locomotive was set in England, by the Mallard locomotive. It reached the speed of 202.58 km/h. Number 4468 Mallard was a London, North Eastern Railway Class A4 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotive built at Doncaster in England in 1938.
24 julyA combined German–Austrian team became the first team toclimb the north face of the Eiger, one of the six great north faces ofthe Alps.
07 augustThe Holocaust-Prisoners from Dachau concentration camp weresent to begin construction of Mauthausen-Guse, oneof the largest labour camp complexes in German-occupied Europe.
07 augustPrisoners from Dachau concentration camp were sent to beginconstruction of Mauthausen, which would later be part of one of thelargest labour camp complexes in German-occupied Europe.
21 augustPresident Roosevelt publicly promised to protect Canada should an enemy invade it, and in return he anticipated Canada to help the Americans if they were under attack.
21 septemberThe Great New England Hurricane made landfall on Long Island,New York, killing at least 500 people and injuring about 700 others.
30 octoberThe radio drama The War of the Worlds, based on the science fiction novella by English writer H. G. Wells, frightened many listeners in the United States into believing that an actual Martian invasion wasin progress.
08 novemberKristallnacht began as SA stormtroopers and civilians destroyedand ransacked Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues in Germany andAustria, resulting in at least 90 deaths and the deportation of over25,000 others to concentration camps.
16 novemberSwiss chemist Albert Hofmann first synthesized the psychedelicdrug LSD at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
16 decemberAdolf Hitler instituted the Cross of Honour of the German Mother as an order of merit for Imperial German women.
23 decemberA South African fisherman discovered the first living specimen of coelacanth, long believed to be extinct.
30 JuneThe children's favorite cartoon Superman first appeared in the Comics DC Comics Action Series Part-1).
10 JulyHoward Hughes made a record of flying 91 hours.
25 JulyTwo civilian blasts killed 62 civilians and injured about 100 others in a market in Palestine.
21 SeptemberThe Great Hurricane cyclone (183 mph) killed 700 people in New England, USA.
16 NovemberAlbert Hofmann's invention was the licoriceic acid diethylamide drug.
21 AugustThe teaching of Jewish teachers in public and high schools was banned in Italy.
17 DecemberGerman chemist Otto Han discovered nuclear fission of uranium.
20 DecemberVladimir Jevorikin received a patent for the Iconoscope television system.
30 DecemberVK Zorkin patented the electronic television system.
13 JanuaryThe country's famous santoor player Pandit Shivkumar was born.
16 JanuaryEminent Bengali litterateur Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay died.
19 JanuaryGeneral Motors began mass production of diesel engines.
04 FebruaryThe country's famous Kathak artist Birju Maharaj was born.

Famous birthdays in the year 1938:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 March Lawrence Payton / Writer / United States of America
04 March Don Perkins / Footballer / United States of America
05 March Fred Williamson / Actor / United States of America
07 OctoberAnn Jones / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
07 NovemberDee Clark / Writer / United States of America
08 OctoberWalter Gretzky / Author / Canada
08 AugustJack Baldwin / Academic / United Kingdom
09 NovemberTi-Grace Atkinson / Author / United States of America
10 OctoberLily Tuck / Writer / United States of America
13 DecemberTom Shaw / Golfer / United States of America
16 JuneTorgny Lindgren / Poet / Sweden
18 February István Szabó / Writer / Hungary
22 DecemberMatty Alou / Baseball Player / United States of America
26 March Norman Ackroyd / Painter / United Kingdom
26 JuneMargret Göbl / Skater / Germany
28 January Tomas Lindahl / Academic / United Kingdom
28 JulyLuis Aragonés / Footballer / Spain
29 AugustAngela Huth / Author / United Kingdom
29 OctoberEllen Johnson Sirleaf / Politician / Liberia
31 MayJohnny Paycheck / Writer / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1938:

YearName / Profession / Country
19 MayGirish Karnad / Actor / India
28 NovemberM. M. Kalburgi / Writer / India
25 February Farokh Engineer / Cricketer / India
20 DecemberJayawantiben Mehta / Politician / India
10 AugustFateh Singh Rathod / Police Officer / India
01 JanuaryGanapathi Thanikaimoni / Scientist / India
31 March Sheila Dikshit / Politician / India
31 MarchSheila Dikshit / Politician / India
15 AugustSuresh Saraiya / Commentator / India
10 JuneVasanti N. Bhat-Nayak / Academic / India
29 AprilE. Ahmed / Politician / India
NA NAOm Shivpuri / Actor / India
25 OctoberChitra Mudgal / Writer / India
10 JuneRahul Bajaj / Politician / India
15 AugustPran Kumar Sharma / Cartoonist / India
18 March Shashi Kapoor / Actor / India
15 January Chuni Goswami / Cricketer / India
26 MayK. Bikram Singh / Producer / India
08 MayJaved Burki / Cricketer / India
04 February Birju Maharaj / Choreographer / India
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