World Child Labor Prohibition Day (12 June) History, Significance, Theme and Observation

World Child Labor Prohibition Day Quick Facts

Event NameWorld Child Labor Prohibition Day (विश्व बालश्रम निषेध दिवस)
Event Date12 / June
Event LevelInternational

World Child Labor Prohibition Day Brief

Child Labor Prohibition Day is celebrated every year on 12 June with the aim of spreading awareness and protest against child labor.

World Child Labor Prohibition Day Objective

In the year 2002, the International Labor Organization started celebrating 12 June as "World Anti-Child Labor Day" with the aim of creating awareness about child labor among the people. According to the estimates of the International Labor Organization, there are about 21.80 million child laborers in the world.

More info about World Child Labor Prohibition Day

Meaning and definitions of child labor:

Innocent children have to work at a young age to feed themselves and their families. These small children are forced to work in hotels, factories, shops and homes. Child labor deprives a child of his normal childhood, which includes schooling, emotional and physical care of family life, etc.

The problem of child labor in India has been prevalent for decades. The Government of India has taken steps to end the problem of child labor. Article 23 of the Indian Constitution prohibits the employment of children in hazardous industries. The Central Government of India passed the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act in 1986.

According to this Act, the Child Labor Technical Advisory Committee was appointed. As per the recommendation of this committee, employment of children in hazardous industries is prohibited. The National Child Labor Policy was formulated in the year 1987.

According to the Fundamental Rights and Policy Guidelines in the Indian Constitution, it is stated:-

Section 24: No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or employed in any hazardous employment.

Section 39-E: The state shall determine its policies in such a way that the health and capacity of workers, men and women are protected, the young age of children is not exploited, nor they, contrary to their age and strength, meet their economic needs.

Section 39-F: Children shall be given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy, independent and dignified condition and shall be protected from the moral and material abuse of childhood and youth.

States shall endeavor to provide, within 10 years of the coming into force of the Constitution, free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 years (Section 45).

Laws for Child Labor in India:

Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act 1986: According to this law, employment is prohibited in 13 professions and 57 processes injurious to the life and health of children below the age of 14 years.

Factories Act 1948: This law prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years. According to this, juveniles in the age group of 15 to 18 years can be employed in any factory only if they have a fitness certificate from a doctor.

Significant judicial intervention in the crackdown on child labor in India came from a Supreme Court decision in 1996 that mandated federal and state governments to identify, remove, and provide quality education to children working in hazardous processes and occupations. was instructed to do.

Important Days of June Month - (National Days and International Days):

Day Event Name - Event Level
01 JuneInternational Child Protection Day - International
01 JuneWorld Milk Day - International
05 JuneWorld Environment Day - International
08 JuneWorld Ocean Day - International
08 JuneWorld Brain Tumor Day - International
10 JuneWorld Eye donation Day - International
12 JuneWorld Child Labor Prohibition Day - International
14 JuneWorld Blood Donation Day - International
17 JuneWorld Desert and Drought Prevention Day - International
18 JuneInternational Picnic Day - International
18 JuneGoa Revolution Day - National
19 JuneWorld Ethnic Day - International
20 JuneWorld Refugee Day - International
21 JuneInternational Yoga Day - International
21 JuneWorld Music Day - International
23 JuneUnited Nations Public Service Day - International
23 JuneInternational Widows Day - International
26 JuneInternational Drug and Drug Abuse Day - International
29 JuneNational Statistics Day - National
  Last update :  2022-06-28 11:44:49
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