World Ocean Day Quick Facts
|World Ocean Day ()
|United Nations General Assembly
World Ocean Day Brief
World Oceans Day is an international day that occurs annually on 8 June. The concept was originally proposed in 1992 by Canada's International Center for Ocean Development (ICOD) and the Ocean Institute of Canada (OIC) at the Earth Summit - United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil was. "World Oceans Day" was officially recognized by the United Nations in 2008. The International Day supports the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) worldwide and promotes the public interest in the conservation of the ocean and the sustainable management of its resources.
World Ocean Day History
It was Announced to celebrate this day at the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in the year 1992. In December 2008, the United Nations General Assembly officially declared June 8 as World Oceans Day. The first 'World Ocean Day' was observed on June 08, 2009.
World Ocean Day Objective
The Purpose of this day is to make people aware of the important role of oceans in the world. Apart from this, the aspects related to the ocean such as food security, biodiversity, ecological balance, indiscriminate use of marine resources, climate change etc. have to be highlighted.
The sea is the biggest source of food and medicines, so people have to be told about the measures to protect it. Every year, on the occasion of World Oceans Day, various types of events are organized around the world on topics related to the ocean, in which people are provided with information about the positive and negative aspects of the ocean.
More info about World Ocean Day
What is the ocean called?
The ocean is not only a symbol of life on our earth, but also plays a major role in environmental balance. The origin of life on Earth is believed to be from the oceans. For the first time, the sprout of life had sprouted in the ocean water itself. Today the ocean is a storehouse of immense biodiversity.
Oceans cover about 71 percent of the Earth's surface. The world's oceans and seas have an area of 367 million square kilometers, which is twice the area of Mars and nine times the area of the Moon. About 98 percent of the world's water is in the oceans, about 02 percent in rivers, lakes, underground and soil.
Earth is called the 'Water Planet' because of the abundance of water. If the relief of the earth is leveled by putting it in the ocean, then the depth of the ocean on the whole earth will be about 02.25 km. Life on earth was possible only because of water. There are mainly five oceans on Earth.
About 20% of the water present on the world's surface is found in the oceans. The water temperature and oxygen level in the ocean play a key role in keeping marine organisms from the equator and in keeping them together. Oceans fulfill the needs of proper supply of oxygen to the living beings in the sea.
Major 5 oceans of the world:
Oceans cover about 71% of the Earth's surface. Earth is called the 'Water Planet' because of the abundance of water. Following are the 5 major oceans of the world:-
1. Pacific Ocean: The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest sea in the world. This ocean covers about 30% of the Earth's surface. The shape of the Pacific Ocean is triangular. Its area is 16,18,00,000 sq. km. Is. It is 9,455 miles wide from the Philippines coast to Panama and 10,492 miles long from the Bering Strait to South Antarctica.
2. Atlantic Ocean or Atlantic Ocean: This ocean separates the continents of Europe and Africa from the continents of the New World. The size of this ocean is almost the same as the English letter 8. Its length is 12,810 miles from the Bering Strait in the north to the Cotsland in the south. Its area is 4,10,81,040 square miles including the seas under it. It has an area of 3,18,14,640 square miles excluding the seas under it.
3. Indian Ocean: Most of the Indian Ocean lies in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth. The Indian Ocean extends south of Asia between Africa and Australia. Its area is 7,35,56,000 square kilometers. The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean in the world.
4. Antarctic Ocean or Southern Ocean: The Antarctic Ocean or the South Polar Ocean is surrounded on all sides by the continent of Antarctica. Its area is 1,40,00,000 square kilometers.
5. Arctic Ocean: This ocean located in the northern hemisphere of the Earth is known as the Arctic Ocean or the Northpolar Ocean. It is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. Its area is 1,40,00,000 sq. km.