1878 in History – What happened in year 1878

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1878 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1878.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1878 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
18 februaryCompetition between two merchants in Lincoln County, New Mexico Territory, US, turned into a range war when a member of one faction was murdered by the other.
25 mayGilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore opened at the Opera Comique in London.
15 juneEadweard Muybridge took a series of photographs to prove thatall four feet of a horse leave the ground when it gallops; the study became the basis of motion pictures.
13 julyAt the conclusion of the Congress of Berlin, the major powersin Europe signed the Treaty of Berlin, redrawing the map of the Balkans.
01 septemberHired by Alexander Graham Bell, Emma Nutt became the world'sfirst female telephone operator.
31 MayThe sinking of the German warship SMS Groसरer Karfurst killed 284 people.
28 JulyAt the conclusion of the Berlin Conference, the Berlin Agreement was signed between the Russians Germany, France, Britain and Austria.
17 OctoberJohn A. McDonald was once again elected Prime Minister of Canada after playing the role of opposition in government for five years.
18 OctoberThomas Elva Edison provided electricity for domestic use.
10 DecemberChakravarti Rajagopalachari, the last Governor General of India, was born.
25 DecemberDoctor Charles Drysdale, writing an article, first reported the damage caused by tobacco.
28 JanuaryFirst telephone exchange formed in New Haven, USA.
17 FebruaryThe first telephone exchange opened in the city of San Francisco.
21 FebruaryFirst telephone directory was released in Connecticut, USA.
13 MarchThe Vernacular Press Act came into effect and the next day Amrit Bazar Patrika became an English newspaper.
24 MarchBritish ship Eurydice sunk, killing 300 people.
20 AprilBirth of Maulvi Abdul Haq, father of Urdu.
27 AprilThe University of Calcutta gave the first approval to women to be eligible in the field of university education.
09 JanuaryUmberto I was made king of Italy.
02 FebruaryGreece declares war with Turkey.
13 MarchOxford University defeated Cambridge University in their first golf match.
20 AprilStowel gifts were introduced for the first time in Australia.
15 MayTokyo Stock Exchange was established.
20 JulyThe first telephones in Hawaii were made in Hawaii.
21 AugustThe American Bar Association was held in Sarasota.
01 SeptemberThe first female telephone operator started working (Emma Note) in Boston.
15 OctoberEdison founded the Electric Light Company.
17 NovemberMade the first attempt to assassinate Umberto I of Italy.
01 DecemberThe first telephone was installed at the White House.


Famous birthdays in the year 1878:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 JulyJacques Rosenbaum / Architect / Germany
02 AugustAino Kallas / Author / Estonia
03 JulyGeorge M. Cohan / Actor / United States of America
04 January Rosa Grünberg / Actress / Sweden
08 February Martin Buber / Philosopher / Austria
09 SeptemberArthur Fox / Fencer / United Kingdom
10 MayGustav Stresemann / Politician / Germany
10 AugustAlfred Döblin / Author / Germany
13 OctoberPatrick Joseph Hartigan / Author / Australia
19 January Herbert Chapman / Footballer / United Kingdom
21 March Morris H. Whitehouse / Architect / United States of America
22 SeptemberShigeru Yoshida / Politician / Japan
22 OctoberJaan Lattik / Politician / Estonia
24 MayLillian Moller Gilbreth / Engineer / United States of America
25 AugustTed Birnie / Footballer / United Kingdom
28 SeptemberJoseph Ruddy / Swimmer / United States of America
28 January Walter Kollo / Composer / Germany
28 AugustGeorge Whipple / Physician / United States of America
28 February Pierre Fatou / Astronomer / France
31 March Jack Johnson / Boxer / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1878:

YearName / Profession / Country
01 AprilC. Ganesha Iyer / Philologist / India
02 January Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai / Activist / India
10 DecemberChakravarti Rajagopalachari / Lawyer / India
10 DecemberC. Rajagopalachari / Politician / India
27 NovemberJatindramohan Bagchi / Poet / India
21 February Mirra Alfassa / Spiritual Leader / India
10 DecemberMohammed Ali / Politician / India
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