1878 in History – What happened in year 1878

In history, year 1878 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1878.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1878:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
18 februaryCompetition between two merchants in Lincoln County, New Mexico Territory, US, turned into a range war when a member of one faction was murdered by the other.
25 mayGilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore opened at the Opera Comique in London.
15 juneEadweard Muybridge took a series of photographs to prove thatall four feet of a horse leave the ground when it gallops; the study became the basis of motion pictures.
13 julyAt the conclusion of the Congress of Berlin, the major powersin Europe signed the Treaty of Berlin, redrawing the map of the Balkans.
01 septemberHired by Alexander Graham Bell, Emma Nutt became the world'sfirst female telephone operator.
31 MayThe sinking of the German warship SMS Groसरer Karfurst killed 284 people.
28 JulyAt the conclusion of the Berlin Conference, the Berlin Agreement was signed between the Russians Germany, France, Britain and Austria.
17 OctoberJohn A. McDonald was once again elected Prime Minister of Canada after playing the role of opposition in government for five years.
18 OctoberThomas Elva Edison provided electricity for domestic use.
10 DecemberChakravarti Rajagopalachari, the last Governor General of India, was born.
25 DecemberDoctor Charles Drysdale, writing an article, first reported the damage caused by tobacco.
28 JanuaryFirst telephone exchange formed in New Haven, USA.
17 FebruaryThe first telephone exchange opened in the city of San Francisco.
21 FebruaryFirst telephone directory was released in Connecticut, USA.
13 MarchThe Vernacular Press Act came into effect and the next day Amrit Bazar Patrika became an English newspaper.
24 MarchBritish ship Eurydice sunk, killing 300 people.
20 AprilBirth of Maulvi Abdul Haq, father of Urdu.
27 AprilThe University of Calcutta gave the first approval to women to be eligible in the field of university education.
09 JanuaryUmberto I was made king of Italy.
02 FebruaryGreece declares war with Turkey.
13 MarchOxford University defeated Cambridge University in their first golf match.
20 AprilStowel gifts were introduced for the first time in Australia.
15 MayTokyo Stock Exchange was established.
20 JulyThe first telephones in Hawaii were made in Hawaii.
21 AugustThe American Bar Association was held in Sarasota.
01 SeptemberThe first female telephone operator started working (Emma Note) in Boston.
15 OctoberEdison founded the Electric Light Company.
17 NovemberMade the first attempt to assassinate Umberto I of Italy.
01 DecemberThe first telephone was installed at the White House.


Famous birthdays in the year 1878:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Agner Krarup Erlang / Mathematician / Denmark
03 SeptemberDorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
03 February Gordon Coates / Politician / New Zealand
04 March Egbert Van Alstyne / Writer / United States of America
04 January Rosa Grünberg / Actress / Sweden
10 January John McLean / Footballer / United States of America
12 January Ferenc Molnár / Author / United States of America
13 NovemberMax Dehn / Academic / United States of America
14 NovemberLeopold Staff / Academic / Poland
17 SeptemberVincenzo Tommasini / Composer / Italy
17 NovemberGrace Abbott / Social Worker / United States of America
18 MayJohannes Terwogt / Rower / Netherlands
19 AugustManuel L. Quezon / Lawyer / Philippines
20 January Ruth St. Denis / Educator / United States of America
20 January Finlay Currie / Actor / United Kingdom
23 JulyJames Thomas Milton Anderson / Politician / Canada
25 March František Janda-Suk / Discus Thrower / Czech Republic
26 JuneLeopold Löwenheim / Mathematician / Germany
28 AugustGeorge Whipple / Physician / United States of America
29 AprilFriedrich Adler / Academic / Germany

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1878:

YearName / Profession / Country
27 NovemberJatindramohan Bagchi / Poet / India
02 January Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai / Activist / India
10 DecemberC. Rajagopalachari / Politician / India
10 DecemberChakravarti Rajagopalachari / Lawyer / India
21 February Mirra Alfassa / Spiritual Leader / India
01 AprilC. Ganesha Iyer / Philologist / India
10 DecemberMohammed Ali / Politician / India

By Suresh

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