October 18 in History – What happened on 18 October in Past

18 October - Today in History - Important historical events happened on this day in India and World History

According to Gregory calendar, on October 18, the day number in a year is 291 and if it is a leap year then the day number is 292. October 18 has a special significance in India and world history, because many such incidents have occurred on this day which have been recorded forever in the pages of history. Let's know some such important events which will increase your general knowledge. The facts collected will be as follows: People born on this day, demise of famous people, war treaty, freedom of any country, invention of new technologies, change of power, important National and International Day etc.

October 18 in History - Top Historical Events

YearEvent / Incidence / Incident
320Pappus of Alexandria, one of the last great Greek mathematiciansof antiquity, observed an eclipse that allowed historians to calculatethe approximate dates of his life.
1009Under orders from Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, theChurch of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church now within the walledOld City of Jerusalem, was destroyed.
1081Byzantine–Norman wars-The Normans under Robert Guiscard,Duke of Apulia and Calabria, defeated the Byzantines outside the city ofDyrrhachium, the Byzantine capital of Illyria.
1356The most significant earthquake to have occurred in CentralEurope in recorded history destroyed Basel, Switzerland, and caused muchdestruction in a vast region extending into France and Germany.
1386A special Pontifical High Mass in the Church of the Holy Spiritcommemorated the opening of Heidelberg University.
1386Heidelberg University, Germany's oldest university, was founded.
1540An expedition led by Spanish conquistador Hernando de Sotodestroyed the fortified village of Mabila in what is now the U.S. stateof Alabama, killing Chief Tuskaloosa in the process.
1564The naval commander of England, John Hawkins, embarked on a second visit to America.
1648The Boston 'Shoemakers \' became the first labor organization in the North American colonies.
1748The War of the Austrian Succession ended with the signing ofthe Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
1748The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed the end of the Austrian Succession War.
1752Le Devin du Gram was published at the Opera House of Russo.
1767The Mason Dixon Line, the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, was agreed upon.
1775African American poet Phyllis Wheatley was freed from slavery.
1790Joseph Scheeling by Frederick Wilhelm was generally allowed to enroll in the Tubinger Stiff at an earlier age than permitted.
1851Moby-Dick, a novel by American writer Herman Melville, wasfirst published as The Whale.
1851A great exhibition was closed in London.
1878Thomas Elva Edison provided electricity for domestic use.
1898The United States raises the American flag over San Juan, taking the formal possession of Island of Puerto Rico.
1913A memorial to the War of Nations was concluded from the city of Leipzig, Germany.
1922The British Broadcasting Company was established, later renamed the British Broadcasting Corporation.
1931Electrician explorer Thomas Edison died.
1935Italian bombers bombed camps where Ethiopian women and children were believed to be secure. Meanwhile, Ethiopian warriors try to fight against the attacking Italian army with weaponry and aircraft.
1944The Russian army attacks Czechoslovakia.
1945Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marriedpopular actress Eva Duarte, better known as Evita.
1954The first commercial transistor radio, the Regency TR-1 was introduced in Indianapolis, Indiana, US.
1954Texas Instruments Company manufactured the first transistor radio.
1961The European Social Charter was signed in Turin.
1963Lord Home was elected as the next Prime Minister of Britain after an uproar for leadership in the Conservative Party.
1967The Soviet space probe Venera 4 performed direct analysis ofthe environment of Venus and became the first spacecraft to land onanother planet, although it stopped working before that.
1968At the Summer Olympics in Mexico City, American Bob Beamon seta world record of 8.90 m in the long jump, a mark that stood for 23years.
1972The first multi-dimensional helicopter SA-315 was aerial tested in Bangalore.
1980The first Himalayan car rally was flagged off from Brabourne Stadium in Bombay (now Mumbai).
1995The eleventh Non-Aligned Movement Summit began at Cartagina de Indias, Colombia.
2004SPDC Chairman Senior General Than Shwe announced that BurmesePrime Minister Khin Nyunt was 'permitted to retire on health grounds',but then had him arrested.
2004The notorious Chandan smuggler Veerappan was killed.
2007The previous prime minister of Pakistan (Benazir Bhutto) returned to Pakistan after 8 years of self-imposed banishment. However, within a few hours of her arrival, suicide bombers tried murdering her, killing 100 of her supporters in the process, but she escaped unhurt.
2007A suicide attack on a motorcade carrying former Prime Ministerof Pakistan Benazir Bhutto in Karachi caused at least 139 deaths and 450injuries.
2007A suicide attack at a motor car rally of former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutte in Karachi city of Pakistan killed 139 people and injured 450 others. Bhutto survived safely.
2008NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer satellite has been launched. It will investigate the edge of solar system.
2009The Australian state of Queensland announces a state of emergency after more than 50 wildfires burn get out of hand.
2010On his visit to Iran, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Malikiis asked to “get rid of America”.
2013Saudi Arabia has stated that it will decline the seat after being elected to the UN Security Council because the UN was unsuccessful at ending the Ghouta chemical attack.
2014A male rhino of the rare northern species has been dead OlPejeta Conservancy in Kenya. It is reported that only 6 of these animals remain in the entire world, out of which only one of them is breeding male.



Famous Birthdays of October 18:

YearName / Profession / Country
1962Vincent Spano / Actor / United States of America
1130Zhu Xi / Philosopher / China
1957Catherine Ringer / Singer / France
1930Esther Hautzig / Author / United States of America
1926Chuck Berry / Writer / United States of America
1941Timothy Bell / Business Man / United Kingdom
1920Melina Mercouri / Singer / Greece
1915Victor Sen Yung / Actor / United States of America
1905Félix Houphouët-Boigny / Politician / Côte d’Ivoire
1955Mark Welland / Academic / United Kingdom
1941Martha Burk / Author / United States of America
1948Hans Köchler / Philosopher / Austria
1948Ntozake Shange / Poet / United States of America
1958Megumi Ishii / Politician / Japan
1939Mike Ditka / Footballer / United States of America
1903Lina Radke / Runner / Germany
1959Kirby Chambliss / Pilot / United States of America
1970Mike Starink / Actor / Netherlands
1929Violeta Chamorro / Politician / Nicaragua
1991Roly Bonevacia / Footballer / Netherlands
1822Midhat Pasha / Politician / Oman
1931Chris Albertson / Journalist / United States of America
1569Giambattista Marino / Poet / Italy
1741Pierre Choderlos de Laclos / Author / France
1954Arliss Howard / Actor / United States of America
1939Flavio Cotti / Politician / Switzerland
1983Dante / Footballer / Brazil
1942Gianfranco Ravasi / Scholar / Italy
1587Lady Mary Wroth / Poet / United Kingdom
1553Luca Marenzio / Composer / Italy

The day in other months: January 18 | February 18 | March 18 | April 18 | May 18 | June 18 | July 18 | August 18 | September 18 | October 18 | November 18 | December 18

By Suresh

Investing my time and efforts to help students those are preparing for competitive exams. Hope content available here will be useful for you. If you like the content, please share with friends. All the Best!

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