1919 in History – What happened in year 1919

In history, year 1919 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1919.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1919:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
03 januaryEmir Faisal of Iraq signed an agreement with Zionism leader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East.
05 januaryThe German Workers' Party, the forerunner to the Nazi Party, was founded by Anton Drexler.
15 januaryA large molasses tank in Boston, Massachusetts, burst and a wave of molasses rushed through the streets , killing 21 people and injuring 150 others.
16 januaryThe Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified by thirty-six of the forty-eight states, establishing the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States.
18 januaryWorld War I: The Paris Peace Conference opened in Versailles, France, to set the peace terms for the Central Powers.
31 januaryIntense rioting over labour conditions broke out in Glasgow, Scotland, and was only called when the British government sent tanks to restore order.
06 februaryOver 65,000 workers in Seattle, Washington, US, began a five-day general strike to gain higher wages after two years of World War I wage controls.
11 februaryFriedrich Ebert was elected the first President of the German Weimar Republic by the Weimar National Assembly.
14 februaryThe first serious armed conflict of the Polish–Soviet Wartook place near present-day Biaroza, Belarus.
21 februaryBavarian socialist Kurt Eisner, who had organized the German Revolution that overthrew the Wittelsbach monarchy and established Bavaria as a republic, was assassinated.
02 marchCommunist, revolutionary socialist, and syndicalist delegates met in Moscow to establish the Communist International.
08 marchDuring the Egyptian Revolution of 1919, British authoritiesarrested Saad Zaghloul and two others, exiling them to Malta.
20 marchThe Turkish War of Independence took place on May 19, 1919 between the Turkish nationalists and the Allies Greece, Armenia, France and Great Britain on three different fronts namely the Western front, the Eastern front and the Southern front. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led the Turkish movement and defeated the forces of Allies.
10 aprilMexican Revolution leaders Emiliano Zapata was shot to death near Ciudad Ayala, Morelos.
13 aprilBritish Indian Army troops massacred hundreds of unarmed men,women and children who were attending a peaceful gathering at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab, India.
16 aprilPolish–Soviet War-The Polish army launched the Vilna offensive to capture Vilnius in modern Lithuania.
08 mayFirst transatlantic flight expedition began on May 8, 1919 by United States navy. The Curtiss seaplane NC-4 made a crossing of the Atlantic flying from the United States to Newfoundland, then to the Azores and on to Portugal and finally the United Kingdom. More than one aircraft was used in this expedition which ended on May 31, 1919.
15 mayThe Winnipeg General Strike took place in which almost the entire working population from public and private sectors had walked off the job to join the strike on May 15, 1919 in Winnipeg, Canada.
16 mayCurtiss NC-4, a US naval aircraft, became the first aircraft to complete transatlantic flight expedition on May 16, 1919.
20 mayThe Turkish War of Independence took place on May 19, 1919 between the Turkish nationalists and the Allies Greece, Armenia, France and Great Britain on three different fronts namely the Western front, the Eastern front and the Southern front. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led the Turkish movement and defeated the forces of Allies.
27 mayThe Curtiss NC-4 flying boat arrived in Lisbon, Portugal,becoming the first fixed-wing aircraft to complete a transatlanticflight under its own power.
30 mayBritish crowned Rabindranath Tagore with Knight Title in 1915, but after the incident at Jallianwala Bagh, Rabindranath Tagore refused to keep Knight Title further at 1919 to protest the terror.
02 juneFirst Red Scare-Anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani set offeight bombs in eight cities across the United States.
06 juneThe republic of Prekmurje ended. Prekmurje was an unrecognized state. It was an area in Hungary which was traditionally known as Vendvidek. It was invaded during the war between communist and anti communist forces.
15 juneAfter nearly 16 hours, the Vickers Vimy flown by John Alcockand Arthur Whitten Brown crash-landed in County Galway, Ireland, to complete the first non-stop transatlantic flight.
21 juneAdmiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttled the German High Seas Fleetin Scapa Flow to prevent the ships from being seized and divided amongstthe Allied Powers.
21 juneDuring the Winnipeg general strike in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, members of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police charged into thecrowd of strikers on horseback, beating them with clubs and firingweapons.
23 juneEstonian War of Independence-Estonian troops engaged theforces of the Pro-German Government of Latvia near Cesis, Latvia,recapturing the area four days later.
28 juneThe Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties.
27 julyRed Summer-Race riots erupted in Chicago after a racialincident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and537 injuries over a five-day period.

Famous birthdays in the year 1919:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 AprilDelfo Cabrera / Soldier / Argentina
02 March Eddie Lawrence / Actor / United States of America
05 NovemberMyron Floren / Pianist / United States of America
08 JuneJohn R. Deane / General / United States of America
09 SeptemberGottfried Dienst / Footballer / Switzerland
10 JulyPierre Gamarra / Poet / France
12 February Forrest Tucker / Actor / United States of America
12 JuneUta Hagen / Actress / United States of America
12 AprilIstván Anhalt / Educator / Canada
14 MayJohn Hope / Soldier / United States of America
16 MayLiberace / Pianist / United States of America
16 MayRamon Margalef / Biologist / Spain
16 AprilNilla Pizzi / Singer / Italy
17 February Kathleen Freeman / Actress / United States of America
18 OctoberPierre Trudeau / Academic / Canada
19 JulyPatricia Medina / Actress / United Kingdom
21 AprilRoger Doucet / Tenor / Canada
24 March Robert Heilbroner / Historian / United States of America
24 JuneAl Molinaro / Actor / United States of America
29 NovemberJoe Weider / Publisher / Canada

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1919:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 AprilShamshad Begum / Singer / India
04 DecemberI. K. Gujral / Politician / India
25 DecemberNaushad Ali / Composer / India
14 AprilK. Saraswathi Amma / Author / India
14 AprilShamshad Begum / Singer / India
31 JulyHemu Adhikari / Cricketer / India
01 MayManna Dey / Singer / India
15 AprilArjan Singh / Air Marshal / India
19 DecemberOm Prakash / Actor / India
31 AugustAmrita Preetam / Poet / India
12 AugustVikram Sarabhai / Academic / India
04 DecemberIndra Kumar Gujral / Politician / India
01 MarchPrithvi Nath Dhar / Economist / India
18 OctoberWilliamson A. Sangma / Politician / India
12 DecemberB. B. Nimbalkar / Cricketer / India
14 AprilShamasad Begum / Singer / India
NA NADr Sivaramakrishna Padmavati / Cardiologist / India
26 NovemberRam Sharan Sharma / Academic / India
15 AprilArjan Singh / Pilot / India
01 OctoberMajrooh Sultanpuri / Poet / India

By Suresh

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