1920 in History – What happened in year 1920

In history, year 1920 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1920.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1920:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 januaryUnder the leadership of U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, Department of Justice agents launched a series of raids against radical leftists and anarchists across 30 cities in 23 states.
08 januaryThe steel strike of 1919, an attempt to organize the United States steel industry in the wake of World War I, collapsed in complete failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers.
16 januaryThe League of Nations, the first intergovernmental organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace, held its first council meeting in Paris.
02 februaryThe signing of the Treaty of Tartu ended the Estonian War ofIndependence, with Russia agreeing to recognize the independence of Estonia and renounce in perpetuity all rights to that territory.
09 februaryThe Svalbard Treaty was signed, recognizing Norwegian sovereignty over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, but all signatories were also given equal rights to engage in commercial activities on the islands.
24 februaryAt a meeting of the German Workers' Party, Adolf Hitleroutlined the party's 25-point programme and the party changed its nameto the Nazi Party.
13 marchThe Kapp Putsch briefly ousted the Weimar Republic governmentfrom Berlin.
22 marchA pogrom in Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh, by Azeris destroyed the Armenian-populated portions of the town.
28 marchAn outbreak of 37 tornadoes across the Mid Western and Southern United States left more than 380 people dead.
02 mayNational Negro baseball League, a baseball tournament, was played for the first time on May 2, 1920 in Indianapolis.
03 mayRelying on the 11th Soviet Red Army operating in neighboring Azerbaijan, Bolsheviks attempted to stage a coup d'etat in Georgia.
07 mayTreaty of Moscow was signed on May 7, 1920 between Soviet Russia and the Democratic Republic of Georgia in Moscow to grant Georgia de jure recognition of independence in exchange of the promise not to grant asylum on Georgian soil.
07 mayPolish–Soviet War: During the Kiev Offensive, Polish troops, with the help of a symbolic Ukrainian force, captured Kiev, only to be driven out by the Soviet Red Army counter-offensive a month later.
04 juneThe Kingdom of Hungary lost 72% of its territory and 64% of itspopulation with the signing of the Treaty of Trianon in Paris.
15 juneThree African American circus workers were lynched by a mob inDuluth, Minnesota, a crime that shocked the country for having takenplace in the Northern United States.
12 julyThe Soviet- Lithuania treaty was signed between Soviet Union and Lithuania. The Lithuania was recognized as a sovereign country by Soviet Union. This treaty allowed the Lithuania to move its armed forces through the region during war against Poland.
18 augustThe Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing women's suffrage in America.
20 augustThe first commercial radio station starts its operations in Detroit, Michigan, with call sign 8MK. The radio station was launched by The Detroit News newspaper and is now taken care of by CBS.
25 augustPolish forces under Józef Pilsudski successfully forced the Russians to withdraw from Warsaw at the Battle of Warsaw, the decisivebattle of the Polish–Soviet War.
16 septemberA bomb rocked Wall Street killing 38 people and wounded over 400. The mystery was never solved but it was widely believe to be the work of radical anarchists.
16 septemberA bomb in a horse wagon exploded in frontof the J. P. Morgan building in New York City, killing 38 people andinjuring 400 others.
25 octoberIrish playwright and politician Terence MacSwiney died after 74days on hunger strike in Brixton Prison, bringing the Irish struggle forindependence to international attention.
04 novemberAirmail service has started between the U.S. and Canada. The first route that would be taken by the pilot has been from Seattle to Victoria.
05 novemberTwo Oklahoma law enforcement officers provided assistance in exposing the details concerning a liquor raid. This led to the possession of one gallon of corn juice, one quart of gasoline, and one live prisoner.
16 novemberQantas, Australia's national airline, was founded as Queenslandand Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
17 novemberThe U.S has been accused by the Turkish newspapers of spreading “propaganda” against the country. Moreover, American relief workers and preachers were blamed of attempting to start a war between the U.S. and Turkey.
21 novemberIrish War of Independence-On Bloody Sunday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Army killed more than a dozen members of the 'CairoGang', and the Royal Irish Constabulary opened fire during a Gaelicfootball match in Croke Park.
28 novemberThirty-six local Irish Republican Army volunteers killedseventeen members of the Auxiliary Division of the Royal IrishConstabulary, marking a turning point in the Irish War of Independence.
11 decemberIrish War of Independence-Following an Irish Republican Army Ambush of a British Auxiliary patrol in Cork, British forces burned and looted numerous buildings in the city.
22 decemberThe 8th Congress of Soviets approved the GOELRO plan, the first Soviet plan for national economic recovery and development.


Famous birthdays in the year 1920:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 MayOtto Buchsbaum / Journalist / Austria
03 February Tony Gaze / Racing Car Driver / Australia
06 January John Maynard Smith / Biologist / United Kingdom
07 OctoberJack Rowley / Footballer / United Kingdom
08 February George W. George / Film Producer / United States of America
09 MayRichard Adams / Novelist / United Kingdom
09 SeptemberRobert Wood Johnson III / Business Man / United States of America
09 NovemberPhilip G. Hodge / Engineer / United States of America
11 MayDenver Pyle / Actor / United States of America
13 AugustNeville Brand / Actor / United States of America
15 JuneAlberto Sordi / Actor / Italy
17 JulyGordon Gould / Academic / United States of America
18 AugustGodfrey Evans / Cricketer / United Kingdom
20 AprilJohn Paul Stevens / Lawyer / United States of America
21 March Manolis Chiotis / Singer / Greece
23 March Neal Edward Smith / Politician / United States of America
27 January Hiroyoshi Nishizawa / Pilot / Japan
28 February Jadwiga Piłsudska / Pilot / Poland
29 NovemberYegor Ligachyov / Politician / Russia
29 NovemberJoseph Shivers / Academic / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1920:

YearName / Profession / Country
12 FebruaryPran / Actor / India
01 MayVasantrao Deshpande / Singer / India
07 AprilRavi Shankar / Instrumentalist / India
12 JulyYeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud / Lawyer / India
14 JuneBharat Bhushan / Actor / India
08 NovemberSitara Devi / Actress / India
24 MayNilamani Routray / Politician / India
16 AugustKotla Vijay Bhaskar Reddy / Politician / India
17 NovemberGemini Ganesan / Actor / India
16 FebruaryI.S. Jauhar / Actor / India
20 OctoberSiddhartha Shankar Ray / Politician / India
25 OctoberRishang Keishing / Politician / India
19 OctoberPandurang Shastri Athavale / Activist / India
12 JanuaryPran Krishan Sikand / Actor / India
22 FebruaryIftekhar / Actor / India
12 SeptemberKedar Pandey / Politician / India
20 OctoberSiddhartha Shankar Ray / Politician / India
25 SeptemberSatish Dhawan / Engineer / India
11 JulyV. R. Nedunchezhiyan / Politician / India
25 JulyGovind Narayan Singh / Politician / India

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