Brazil has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Brazil and important events related to Brazil history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Brazil Country Profile
|Founder||Dom Pedro I, Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva|
Before the explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in the 1500s, Brazil was inhabited by a number of tribal countries that claimed territory for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808 when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of state upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Elgarves. With the creation of the Brazilian Empire in 1822, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system was obtained.
The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. After the military coup in 1889, the country became a presidential republic. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian rule resumed. The current constitution of Brazil drafted in 1988 defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country is ranked thirteenth in the world by the number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is a large area along the eastern coast of South America and covers most of the interior of the continent, and it shares land borders with all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador. It is bordered by Uruguay to the south, Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest, Bolivia and Peru to the west, Colombia to the northwest, and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and France (French Guiana's French overseas territory) to the north. Brazil has a dense and complex system of rivers, one of the world's most extensive, with eight major drainage basins, all of which merge into the Atlantic. Major rivers include the Amazon (the second longest river in the world and the largest in terms of water content), Paraná and its major tributaries Iguacu (which includes the Iguazu Falls), Negro, Sao Francisco, Xingu, Madeira and Tapajos rivers etc. .
Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America, according to 2017 estimates, it is the eighth largest economy in the world and the eighth largest in purchasing power parity (PPP). Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. After rapid growth in the last decades, the country had a recession since 2014 amid political corruption scandals and nationwide protests. Its GDP per capita (PPP) was $ 15,919 in 2017, according to IMF data, placing Brazil at number 77. Brazil has a labor force of over 107 million (ranked 6th worldwide) and unemployment of 6.2% (ranked 64th worldwide) active in the agriculture, mining, manufacturing and service sectors.
The official language of Brazil is Portuguese (Article 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil), which speaks almost all the population and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television and for commercial and administrative purposes. Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of the Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from its Spanish-speaking neighbors.
Brazil Important Facts
- Brazil is officially called the Federal Republic of Brazil, a country located on the continent of South America.
- Brazil is bordered by Iraq to the north and west, and Saudi Arabia to the north.
- Brazil gained independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarve on 07 September 1822.
- The total area of Brazil is 8,515,767 sq km. (3,287,956 square miles).
- Brazil is the fifth largest in the world by area and sixth largest in the world by population.
- The official language of Brazil is Portuguese.
- The currency of Brazil is named real.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Brazil in 2016 was 20.77 crores.
- Brazil has the largest population of Catholics in the world at 73.6% of the population.
- Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world for the last 150 years.
- Brazil is the only country in the world that has a tropical climate of the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn.
- Brazil also has a system of democratic federal republic with presidential system.
- The highest point in Brazil is Pico da Neblina, which is 9,823 feet (2,994 m) high.
- Brazil is the largest Lusophone (Portuguese speaking) nation in the world.
- Brazil is the world's largest market for crack cocaine.
Brazil Important History Events
- 26 january 1500 - Spanish navigator, explorer, and conquistador Vicente YáñezPinzón reached the north coast of what today is Brazil.
- 22 april 1500 - Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral and his crew landed in present day Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal.
- 22 April 1500 - Portuguese sailor Pedro वेयरlvare Cabral discovered Brazil.
- 29 March 1549 - The foundation of Salvador de Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, was laid.
- 25 january 1554 - Jesuit missionaries José de Anchieta and Manoel da Nóbrega established a mission at São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga, which grew to become São Paulo, Brazil.
- 25 January 1554 - The city of São Paulo was established in Brazil.
- 26 April 1654 - Jews were expelled from Brazil.
- 22 July 1729 - Diamonds were found in a Brazilian Minas garage.
- 13 January 1750 - The Treaty of Madrid between Spain and Portugal authorized a larger Brazil than the Treaty of Turdicillus of 1494, which originally established the boundaries of the Portuguese and Spanish territories of South America.
- 29 November 1807 - The Portuguese Queen María and Court are bound for Brazil on Lisbon, Rio de Janeiro became the Portuguese capital.
Populated Cities of Brazil
Joinville, Passos, Natal, Uba, Ourinhos, Trindade, Arapongas, Araguari, Corumba, Erechim, Joao Pessoa, Principe da Beira, Juazeiro, Ponta Pora, Bento Goncalves, Tatui, Patos, Itaituba, Tubarao, Olinda, Porto Nacional, Muriae, Teresina, Novo Airao, Itanhaem, Santana do Livramento, Sinop, Nova Lima, Brusque, Novo Hamburgo, Tocantinopolis, Assis, Paulo Afonso, Ituiutaba, Caceres, Nova Iguacu, Porto Santana, Codo, Araxa, Lavras, Avare, Formosa, Cuiaba, Itumbiara, Abaetetuba, Tres Lagoas, Sao Joao del Rei, Campo Grande, Itauna, Sao Mateus, Jatai, Sao Joao da Boa Vista, Tucurui, Campo Murao, Sao Jose dos Campos, Cachoeira do Sul, Bacabal, Porto Uniao, Goiana, Ijui, Altamira, Paracatu, Iguatu, Jaboatao, Paragominas, Guajara-Miram, Jaboticabal, Aracaju, Balsas, Rosario, Santa Ines, Sao Jose dos Pinhais, Santo Andre, Rio Negro, Santo Angelo, Ji-Parana, Gurupi, Parintins, Curvelo, Cacador, Irece, Catalao, Valenca, Vilhena, Itapeva, Tupa, Fernandopolis, Canela, Pirassununga, Pirapora, Caratinga, Canoas, Itapetinga, Sao Borja, Carazinho, Santa Rosa, Manacapuru, Telemaco Borba, Guanambi, Ariquemes,
10 Neighbour countries of Brazil
Argentina [L] , Bolivia [L] , Colombia [L] , France [LM] , Guyana [L] , Paraguay [L] , Peru [L] , Suriname [L] , Uruguay [LM] , Venezuela [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)